Endless knot Nepalese temple prayer wheel Karma symbols such as endless knot (above) are common cultural motifs in Asia. Karma (Sanskrit: कर्म; IPA: [ˈkərmə]; Pali: kamma) means action, work or deed; it also refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect where intent and actions of an individual (cause) influence the future of that individual (effect). Good intent and good deed contribute to good karma and future happiness, while bad intent and bad deed contribute to bad karma and future suffering. Karma is closely associated with the idea of rebirth in some schools of Asian religions. In these schools, karma in the present affects one's future in the current life, as well as the nature and quality of future lives - or, one's saṃsāra. With origins in ancient India, it is a key concept in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Taoism. Etymology Karma is related to verbal proto-Indo-European root *kwer- "to make, form". Definition and meanings History Taoism
DogmaDogma is a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true. It serves as part of the primary basis of an ideology or belief system, and it cannot be changed or discarded without affecting the very system's paradigm, or the ideology itself. The term can refer to acceptable opinions of philosophers or philosophical schools, public decrees, religion, or issued decisions of political authorities. The term derives from Greek δόγμα "that which seems to one, opinion or belief" and that from δοκέω (dokeo), "to think, to suppose, to imagine". Dogma came to signify laws or ordinances adjudged and imposed upon others by the First Century. The plural is either dogmas or dogmata, from Greek δόγματα. The term "dogmatics" is used as a synonym for systematic theology, as in Karl Barth's defining textbook of neo-orthodoxy, the 14-volume Church Dogmatics. In religion In Islam, the dogmatic principles are contained in the aqidah. Other usage
Veil of ignoranceThe veil of ignorance, along with the original position, is a concept that has been in use by other names for centuries by philosophers such as John Stuart Mill, John Rawls, and Immanuel Kant whose work discussed the concept of the social contract. John Harsanyi helped to formalize the concept in economics. The modern usage was developed by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice. It is a method of determining the morality of a certain issue (e.g., slavery) based upon the following thought experiment: parties to the original position know nothing about their particular abilities, tastes, and position within the social order of society. The veil of ignorance blocks off this knowledge, such that one does not know what burdens and benefits of social cooperation might fall to him/her once the veil is lifted. With this knowledge blocked, parties to the original position must decide on principles for the distribution of rights, positions and resources in their society. Examples
AutoMap: ProjectOverview | People | Sponsors | Publications | Hardware Requirements | Software | Training & Sample Data AutoMap is a text mining tool developed by CASOS at Carnegie Mellon. Input: one or more unstructured texts. AutoMap enables the extraction of information from texts using Network Text Analysis methods. AutoMap exists as part of a text mining suite that includes a series of pre-processors for cleaning the raw texts so that they can be processed and a set of post-processor that employ semantic inferencing to improve the coding and deduce missing information. AutoMap uses parts of speech tagging and proximity analysis to do computer-assisted Network Text Analysis (NTA). AutoMap subsumes classical Content Analysis by analyzing the existence, frequencies, and covariance of terms and themes. AutoMap has been implemented in Java 1.7. It can operate in both a front end with gui, and backend mode. Main functionalities of AutoMap are: Automap is also a part of the CASOS Summer Institute.
HappeningA happening is a performance, event or situation meant to be considered art, usually as performance art. Happenings occur anywhere and are often multi-disciplinary, with a nonlinear narrative and the active participation of the audience. Key elements of happenings are planned, and artists sometimes keep room for improvisation. This new media art aspect to happenings eliminates the boundary between the artwork and its viewer. In the late 1960s, perhaps due to the depiction in films of hippie culture, the term was much less specifically used to mean any gathering of interest from a pool hall meetup or a jamming of a few young people to a beer blast or fancy formal party. History Origins Happenings are difficult to describe, in part because each one is unique and completely different from one another. Happenings can be a form of participatory new media art, emphasizing an interaction between the performer and the audience. Difference from plays Around the world
How New Age practitioners might define good karma and bad karma - by Steve MarshallWhat is karma? Is there good and bad karma? Is good karma good, and bad karma bad, or can bad karma sometimes be good, and can good karma, sometimes be bad. Is the right idea to only make good karma, or to not make any karma at all? Love is the only energy that carries no karma, good or bad, it is only ever just itself, love. This means that God himself has no karma, as he is composed only of the energy of love. Bad karma is essentially distancing yourself away from love, and good karma is coming closer to love. Love contains all energies. Good karma creates the higher energies of love, allowing them to vibrate within you, and bad karma is essentially only about fear. Bad karma comes about from how you treat others, from your fear, or more because of your holding onto this fear, but it can even be created by how you treat yourself. All connections to others, to yourself and to God create karma. Karma is time based because it takes place in time, and it needs time to resolve it.
DharmaDharma ([dʱəɾmə]; Sanskrit: धर्म dharma, listen ; Pali: धम्म dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. There is no single word translation for dharma in western languages. The Classical Sanskrit noun dharma is a derivation from the root dhṛ, which has a meaning of "to hold, maintain, keep".[note 3] The word "dharma" was already in use in the historical Vedic religion, and its meaning and conceptual scope has evolved over several millennia. The antonym of dharma is adharma. Etymology The Classical Sanskrit noun dharma is a derivation from the root dhṛ, which means "to hold, maintain, keep",[note 3] and takes a meaning of "what is established or firm", and hence "law". It is derived from an older Vedic Sanskrit n-stem dharman-, with a literal meaning of "bearer, supporter", in a religious sense conceived as an aspect of Rta. Definition History Eusebeia and dharma Hinduism Notes
John Rawls - PhilosopherJohn Bordley Rawls (/rɔːlz/; February 21, 1921 – November 24, 2002) was an American philosopher and a leading figure in moral and political philosophy. He held the James Bryant Conant University Professorship at Harvard University and the Fulbright Fellowship at Christ Church, Oxford. Rawls received both the Schock Prize for Logic and Philosophy and the National Humanities Medal in 1999, the latter presented by President Bill Clinton, in recognition of how Rawls' work "helped a whole generation of learned Americans revive their faith in democracy itself." Biography Early life John Rawls was born in Baltimore, Maryland to William Lee Rawls, "one of the most prominent attorneys in Baltimore," and Anna Abell Stump Rawls. The second of five sons, tragedy struck Rawls at a young age. Rawls attended school in Baltimore for a short time before transferring to Kent School, an Episcopalian preparatory school in Connecticut. Career Later life
CASOS Tools: Computational Models and Social Network ToolsGood Karma Bad Karma : Definition of KarmaThis article may be freely downloaded and reproduced in electronic and/or print format. Where reproduced it must be reproduced in its entirety and include an acknowledgement and a link to new-age-spirituality.com Karma is one of the West's best known Eastern Mystical concepts, even featuring in popular songs by John Lennon (Instant Karma), David Bowie (Karma Man), and Culture Club (Karma Chameleon) among others. Understanding your karma can make the same difference to your life as swimming with or against the tide. Get it right and good things flow naturally. Some years ago the then England football manager Glenn Hoddle was fired for an ill-considered remark that disabled people were paying for the sins of past lives. Definition of Karma Karma is simply the process of cause and effect. whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap St Paul, Galatians 6-7 Karma is not about punishment. Working with Karma Karma influences our current life in two ways. Karma and Luck Comment on this item