Write Your Name in Runes Write Your Name in Runes The runic alphabet, or Futhark, gets its name from its first six letters (f, u, th, a, r, k), much like the word "alphabet" derives from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta. Each rune not only represents a phonetic sound but also has its own distinct meaning often connected with Norse mythology. Scholars believe that early Germanic and Scandinavian peoples used the runes originally as a means of communication and only later for magical purposes. Fehu Fehu can mean cattle, gold, or wealth in general. Uruz Uruz represents strength, speed, and good health. Thurisaz Thurisaz refers to the giants of Norse mythology. Ansuz Ansuz could refer to any deity, but it was most often associated with Odin. Raido Likely an important rune for the Vikings, Raido signified a long journey. Kenaz Kenaz represents a torch or some other source of light. Gebo Gebo was used to denote a sacrifice to the gods. Wunjo Wunjo can translate as comfort, joy, or glory. Hagalaz Nauthiz Isa
Did Anglo-Saxon ships have sails? | Trevor Bloom - Author An intriguing one, this. As a writer, you want to get it right, but how do you do that when the authorities disagree? My novel The Half-Slave revolves around the threat of a Saxon sea-borne invasion and it was vital that I came to a coherent view as to whether a fleet of Saxons in the late 4th century would have travelled under their own grunt-power or with the aid of sails and a following wind. Some historians argue that the Saxons of this period did not have sails, but travelled on raids in long rowing boats such as the one pictured. The keels of the Saxon ships were not strong enough to support a sail, they say, and without a deep keel and mast-step such as the Vikings subsequently developed, ships had to be driven by oars. The remains of Saxon boats that have been discovered, particularly the Nydam ship and the Sutton Hoo ship, show no evidence of sails, although neither ship may have been typical of ocean-going vessels of the time. Sutton Hoo Not sure I buy this.
Primary History - Ancient Greeks Who were the ancient Greeks? Who were the ancient Greeks? Discover different ancient Greek cities and find out how they were ruled. How did the Olympic Games begin? Learn how the Olympic Games began over 2,700 years ago! What was it like to live in an ancient Greek family? What was everyday life like in ancient Greece? Who were the ancient Greek gods and heroes The Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses. The ancient Greeks at war Learn about ancient Greek soldiers, the Spartan soldier state and read about famous Greek battles. What do we know about ancient Greek culture? Find out what ancient Greek theatre was like and learn about different ancient Greek festivals and art How did the ancient Greeks change the world? What did the ancient Greeks do for us? 3 class clips We have a selection of great videos for use in the classroom Links BBC History for Kids
Primary History - Vikings Anglo-Saxon clothes - men | Tha Engliscan Gesithas 5th and 6th centuries Men wore wool or linen hip-length undershirts with long sleeves, and probably loin-cloths. Woollen trousers were held up with a belt threaded through loops. A tunic was pulled over the head, and reached down to the knees. 7th to 11th centuries Tunics tended to have extra pleats inserted at the front, and sleeves became fairly tight-fitting between elbow and wrist. There was undoubtedly much variation according to region, period and status. Most clothes were made at home, and would almost certainly have undergone many repairs, or have been handed down, before being eventually cut up for rags or thrown away. Underclothes were not usually dyed, but left in their natural colour, or perhaps sun-bleached.
Dracula: The Terrifying Truth The rugged Transylvanian Alps provide one of the most spectacular landscapes in Europe. Hawks soar around the craggy, snow-covered peaks, while bears and chamois take refuge in the dense forests below. Medieval villages and the ruins of once-proud castles can abruptly materialize through the mist, as if daring outsiders to uncover their secrets. Transylvania also produced a leader known as a defender of the Christian faith, a Romanian hero, and a subhuman monster. His name was Prince Vlad, but the world knows him by his nickname: Dracula. The Order of the Dragon Vlad, or Dracula, was born in 1431 in Transylvania into a noble family. "Dracula" means "son of Dracul" in Romanian. Warrior in Chains Dracula lived in a time of constant war. Dracula was imprisoned, first by the Turks, who hauled him away in chains, and later by the Hungarians. Vlad the Impaler From 1448 until his death in 1476, Dracula ruled Walachia and Transylvania, both part of Romania today. Defender of the Faith
Anglo-Saxon clothes - women | Tha Engliscan Gesithas 5th to 7th centuries Women wore an under-dress of linen or wool with long sleeves and a draw-string neck. Sleeves were fastened with clasps for wealthier women, or drawn together with braid or string for poorer women. The outer dress was a tube of material, rather like a pinafore, and often called a ‘peplos’. 7th to 9th centuries Shoulder-brooches and wrist-clasps went out of fashion, and the sleeves of the over-dress now came to just below elbow-length on the arms and calf-length around the legs. 10th to 11th centuries The under-dress was now often pleated or folded, while the sleeves of the over-dress tended to flare towards the wrist. Children seem to have worn very much the same style of clothing as adults, but in smaller sizes. Making clothes was women’s work, and spinning and weaving were among the main activities of women in the Anglo-Saxon period.
Dracula was born in 1431 in the Transylvanian city of Sighisoara The Real Dracula By John Fasulo Who is the real Dracula? When the name “Dracula” is mentioned, should we refer to the undead blood-sucking vampire who sleeps in coffins and transforms into a bat, or should we reflect upon a fifteenth century Romanian prince with an obsession for impalement? Such questions lead us to realize that folklore offers us one Dracula, while history offers us another. Raymond McNally and Radu Florescu (a descendant of Dracula’s younger brother) dedicated their lives to finding the truth about the historical Dracula, and translated hundreds of Romanian, Russian, and German accounts in their book, In Search of Dracula. The real Dracula, Vlad Tepes III Dracula, was born during the winter months of 1431 in the Transylvanian fortress of Sighisoara, located in Romania. Dracula’s father, Vlad II, had three sons: the eldest, Mircea; Vlad, who kept his namesake; and Radu, who would come to be known as “The Handsome.” My sacred mission is to bring order to Romania.
Who were the Anglo-Saxons? The Angle, Saxon, and Jute are known as the Anglo-Saxons. The Angles and the Saxon tribes were the largest of the three attacking tribes and so we often know them as Anglo-Saxons. They shared the same language but were each ruled by different strong warriors. Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxons were warrior-farmers and came from north-western Europe. They began to invade Britain while the Romans were still in control. The Anglo-Saxons were tall, fair-haired men, armed with swords and spears and round shields. They loved fighting and were very fierce. Their skills included hunting, farming, textile (cloth) production and leather working. How do we know about skills and occupations of the Anglo-Saxons ? We know about the Anglo-Saxons because of things we have found giving us quite detailed information about their lives. Knives and spears are often found in Anglo-Saxon men's graves. What did the Anglo-Saxons do for entertainment (leisure)?
The Anglo Saxon Survival Guide When the Anglo-Saxons Came to Britain what clothing did the wear? Objects found in graves as well as illustrations in Anglo-Saxon scrolls and books, stone engravings and images on objects can all give us a clue. Male clothing included shirts made of wool or linen and some form of loin-cloths. A belt worn at the waist provided a practical location to hang a pouch, knife or seax and other accessories. Women would wear a tubular dress fastened at the shoulders. Women like men would usually have a belt, carry a small knife and pouch but also the senior female would carry keys to lock the store of food. Anglo-Saxon children wore clothes similar to the adults. Women and girls wore a lot of jewelry .
Anglo Saxon Religion - Saxon Gods Days of the week The Anglo-Saxons were pagans when they came to Britain, but, as time passed, they gradually converted to Christianity. Many of the customs we have in England today come from pagan festivals. Pagans worshiped lots of different gods. Religion was a means of ensuring success in material things. Days of the Week Certain days of the week are named after early Saxon Gods. Monandæg ( Moon's day - the day of the moon ), Tiwesdæg ( Tiw's-day - the day of the Scandinavian sky god Tiw,Tiu or Tig), Wodnesdæg ( Woden's day - the day of the god Woden (Othin) ), Ðunresdæg ( Thor's Day - the day of the god Ðunor or Thunor ), Frigedæg ( Freyja's day - the day of the goddess Freyja or Frigg, wife to Woden), Sæternesdæg ( Saturn's day - the day of the Roman god Saturn, whose festival "Saturnalia," with its exchange of gifts, has been incorporated into our celebration of Christmas.), Sunnandæg ( Sun's day - the day of the sun ). Christianity then spread to other parts of Britain.