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Rome Reborn: Take a Virtual Tour of Ancient Rome, Circa 320 C.E.

Rome Reborn: Take a Virtual Tour of Ancient Rome, Circa 320 C.E.
A few years ago, we featured Rome Reborn, which is essentially "a 3D digital model of the Eternal City at a time when Ancient Rome’s population had reached its peak (about one million) and the first Christian churches were being built." Rome Reborn offers, declared Matthias Rascher, "a truly stunning bird’s-eye view of ancient Rome that makes you feel as if you were actually there." You may also remember our posts on video analyses of great works of art by Khan Academy's Smarthistory. Today, the two come together in the video above, "A Tour Through Ancient Rome in 320 C.E." In it, we not only see and move through ancient Rome reconstructed, we have our extended tour guided by renowned "virtual archaeologist" and overseer of the Rome Reborn project Dr. Bernard Frischer, professor emeritus at the University of Virginia. We hear Frischer in dialogue with Dr. Related Content: Free Courses in Ancient History, Literature & Philosophy Rome Reborn – An Amazing Digital Model of Ancient Rome

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Animating the past Winston Churchill once said: “History is written by the victors.” Today, history is going through a period of democratization and a move to greater accessibility, with teachers, researchers and history-holics of all kinds using the internet to explore new engaging ways to share their passion. For a long time, History was taught in a didactic fashion, with a penchant for dates and timelines, which gave it the reputation for being stuff and old fashioned. Discover 6 European Creators who are changing the way we engage with History and are making the discipline more alive than ever. Whether it's football clubs, international relations or spectacular buildings, Spanish YouTube Creator Academia Play is making it all understandable and exciting through his talent for drawing: Winston Churchill once said: “History is written by the victors.”

In Cave in Borneo Jungle, Scientists Find Oldest Figurative Painting in the World On the wall of a cave deep in the jungles of Borneo, there is an image of a thick-bodied, spindly-legged animal, drawn in reddish ocher. It may be a crude image. But it also is more than 40,000 years old, scientists reported on Wednesday, making this the oldest figurative art in the world. Until now, the oldest known human-made figures were ivory sculptures found in Germany.

South American Natives Map of South American Indians South America Indians (Physical Map) THE MONTE VERDE ISSUE: (Chile): Monte Verde is an archaeological site in southern Chile, located near Puerto Montt, Southern Chile, which has been dated to 14,800 years BP. This dating adds to the evidence showing that the human settlement of the Americas pre-dates the Clovis culture by roughly 1000 years. South America Indians Map - Monte Verde by Tom Dillehay MUISCAS OR CHIBCHA CULTURE: The Chibcha or Musica meaning "the people" was an ancient culture centered on the upper Magdalena River, around Bogot�, Colombia. Detached tribes of the same stock were found along the Central American isthmus and in Costa Rica.

A Video Game Shows the True Colors of Ancient Greece Blame the Italian Renaissance. The rediscovery of Greco-Roman sculpture in the 15th century spawned a long-held misperception that the artists of Antiquity intentionally left their work unpainted. For intellectuals of the Renaissance who pooh-poohed the idea of polychromatic sculpture because of its prevalence during the much-derided Medieval period, the use of bare marble signaled yet another achievement of the Classical era, alongside scientific and political achievements. Yet, if not for their burial, which stripped away layers of paint from artifacts and ruins, the Greco-Roman art we see today would blaze with brilliant colors. And although art historians have attempted to correct this misunderstanding, popular culture has refused to acknowledge it in most interpretations of ancient life.

How Aztecs Reacted to Colonial Epidemics Devastating epidemics have been part of American history at least since the arrival of the first Europeans. Then as now, Native Americans and people of African descent have been disproportionately affected by diseases brought to the “New World” by Europeans. As Jeffrey Ostler noted in the Atlantic, these effects are compounded by the colonial legacies of slavery and by economic discrimination. In school we read and learn about the epidemics from the perspective of the European conquerers. However, reports going back to the early colonial period from indigenous peoples show their perspective in grappling with the upheaval of their ways of life. How Do Scientists Date Fossils? This is the fourth in a five-part series written by experts featured in the Smithsonian's new Hall of Fossils—Deep Time exhibition, now on view at the National Museum of Natural History. The full series can be found by visiting our Deep Time Special Report “No fossil is buried with its birth certificate,” wrote the renowned science editor Henry Gee in his 2000 treatise, In Search of Deep Time. While true, fossils are buried with plenty of clues that allow us to reconstruct their history.

Medieval Chinese Coin Found in England Suggests a Vast Medieval Trade Route For the second time in three years, an 11th-century Chinese coin has been found in England, a possible indication that medieval trade between England and the Far East was more widespread than previously thought, according to a recent blog post by Cambridge historian Caitlin Green. As Mark Bridge writes for the Sunday Times, the Northern Song Dynasty coin was discovered with a metal detector in a field in Hampshire, England. Dated to between 1008 and 1016 A.D., the 0.98-inch copper-alloy coin was the second medieval Chinese coin found in England; the first was found across the country in 2018 in Cheshire, per the Independent’s Jon Sharman.

Amateur Archaeologists Studying Aerial Maps of the U.K. Spot Dozens of Hidden Historical Structures With archaeology digs on hold due to the COVID-19 pandemic, cooped-up history buffs are making their mark. As Steven Morris reports for the Guardian, volunteers tasked with scouring aerial surveys of England for signs of human habitation have discovered dozens of previously unknown structures after studying just a tenth of the data available. Dating from the prehistoric period to the medieval era, the sites are scattered between Cornwall and Devon in southwest England. Per a statement from the University of Exeter—which organized search efforts through its Understanding Landscapes initiative—the finds include remnants of more than 20 miles of Roman road, 30 prehistoric or Roman settlements, and 20 prehistoric burial mounds, as well as hundreds of medieval farms, field systems and quarries.

Archaeologists in Egypt Discover Mummy With Gold Tongue Archaeologists conducting excavations at the temple of Taposiris Magna in western Alexandria, Egypt, have unearthed a 2,000-year-old mummy with a gold tongue. As Nihal Samir reports for Daily News Egypt, researchers from a dual Egyptian-Dominican mission discovered the golden-tongued mummy while surveying 16 poorly preserved burials encased in rock-cut crypts—a popular form of interment during Egypt’s Greco-Roman period. Crafted out of gold foil, the tongue-shaped amulet was likely placed in the deceased’s mouth to ensure they’d be able to speak in the afterlife, per a statement from Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. (Egypt Independent’s Al-Masry Al-Youm reports that researchers at the Alexandria National Museum are now studying two such gold foil amulets, as well as eight golden flakes representing the leaves of a wreath.) Ptolemy II, son of Alexander the Great’s general Ptolemy I, founded Taposiris Magna around 280 B.C.

300,000-Year-Old Stick Suggests Human Ancestors Were Skilled Hunters A recently unearthed, 300,000-year-old wooden stick may have once been thrown by extinct human ancestors hunting wild game, according to new research. On the surface, the find—a short, pointy piece of brown wood loosed from the mud—sounds drab. “It’s a stick, sure,” Jordi Serangeli, an archaeologist at the University of Tübingen and co-author of the study, tells the New York Times’ Nicholas St. Archaeologists Unearth 600-Year-Old Golden Eagle Sculpture at Aztec Temple Archaeologists conducting excavations at the Templo Mayor, or Great Temple, in Mexico City (once home to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán) have discovered a 600-year-old sculpture of a golden eagle, reports Ángela Reyes for CNN en Español. Led by Rodolfo Aguilar Tapia of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), researchers from the Templo Mayor Project unearthed the sculpture last February. The eagle—carved out of tezontle, a reddish volcanic rock commonly used in both pre-Hispanic and modern Mexico—measures 41.7 by 27.6 inches, making it the largest bas-relief (or low relief) work found at the pyramid-shaped temple to date. “It is a very beautiful piece that shows the great secrets that the Templo Mayor of Mexico Tenochtitlán has yet to reveal to us,” says Mexican Cultural Minister Alejandra Frausto Guerrero in a statement translated by Live Science’s Harry Baker.

Giving Overdue Credit to Early Archaeologists' Wives In his 1933 Archaeology of Palestine, famed American archaeologist W. F. Albright mused, “where expeditions are mixed it is highly desirable to have the Director’s wife present, both to provide a feminine social arbiter and to avert scandal.” His advice evokes the male-dominated culture of archaeology in the Near East in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. But as Norma Dever writes, the wives of archaeologists actually performed essential—and overlooked—domestic and academic labor in this often-dangerous and exclusive climate. “The achievements of many famous male archaeologists in the ancient Near East have depended a great deal on their wives’ contributions to their work, which have gone largely unacknowledged, until now,” Dever argues.

How Did These Hostage Children End Up Buried With Elite Germanic Warriors? In 1962, the bodies of 13 people—10 adults and three infants—were discovered in a 7th century burial site in Niederstotzingen, Germany. It was clear that the individuals were high status, and that at least some of the adults were warriors because their graves were stuffed with weapons, armor, jewelry and equestrian gear. But many details about these individuals—where they came from, how they were related, even their genders—remained unclear. Now, as Laura Geggel reports for Live Science, a new genetic study is revealing some of the mysteries that surround the Niederstotzingen dead.