Il problema dell'ignorante istruito - Rivista Studio. Pensiero dicotomico: vedere il mondo in bianco e nero. Gli inglesi lo chiamano black and white thinking: pensiero in bianco e nero.
Il termine più tecnico, in italiano, è “pensiero dicotomico”. Il pensiero dicotomico divide con un taglio netto la realtà in luce e ombra, cancellandone la complessità, l’ambiguità, la mutevolezza, e ogni sfumatura. Ragiona in termini di “tutto o niente”. Esercitare il pensiero dicotomico vuol dire credere che le cose possono essere solo o completamente giuste o del tutto sbagliate, che le persone sono o amiche o nemiche, che le giornate o sono perfette o fanno schifo, che tutto ciò che non è un successo è un fallimento, e che tutto ciò che non è virtuoso è vizioso. Che ora o mai più.
DISTORSIONE COGNITIVA. UNA SVANTAGGIOSA FORMA DI PENSIERO. Bias cognitivi: cinque modi veloci per ingannarsi da soli. Cognitive bias and future thinking. The Roots of Implicit Bias. Cognitive bias cheat sheet – Better Humans. Great, how am I supposed to remember all of this?
You don’t have to. But you can start by remembering these four giant problems our brains have evolved to deal with over the last few million years (and maybe bookmark this page if you want to occasionally reference it for the exact bias you’re looking for): Information overload sucks, so we aggressively filter. Noise becomes signal.Lack of meaning is confusing, so we fill in the gaps. Signal becomes a story.Need to act fast lest we lose our chance, so we jump to conclusions. The Atir-Rosenzweig-Dunning Effect: When Experts Claim To Know The Unknowable.
Remember the Dunning-Kruger Effect?
The finding by David Dunning and Justin Kruger that incompetence leads to inflated beliefs of competence. If you need a refresher, the concept is succinctly explained below by John Cleese: Dunning has now conducted a new study with colleagues Stav Atir and Emily Rosenzweig, finding that expertise has its own pitfalls. In a series of experiments conducted at Cornell University, the researchers found that people with greater knowledge in a particular domain were more likely to claim knowledge that they could not possibly know.
The researchers first asked the participants to rate their expertise in a particular area, personal finance for example, before being asked to rate their knowledge of a variety of specialist terms, some of which do not really exist, such as “pre-rated stocks, fixed-rate deduction and annualized credit.” But astoundingly the effect wasn’t limited to self-professed expertise. Cognitive Bias Codex -180+ biases, designed by John Manoogian III. Cognitive bias. Cognitive bias cheat sheet. The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational. List of common misconceptions.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive.
This list corrects erroneous beliefs that are currently widely held about notable topics. Each misconception and the corresponding facts have been discussed in published literature. Note that each entry is formatted as a correction; the misconceptions themselves are implied rather than stated. Arts and culture Food and cooking Roll-style Western sushi. Searing meat does not "seal in" moisture, and in fact may actually cause meat to lose moisture. Legislation and crime Literature The Harry Potter books, though they have broken children's book publishing records, have not led to an increase in reading among children or adults, nor slowed the ongoing overall decline in book purchases by Americans, and children who did read the Harry Potter books were not more likely to go on to read more outside of the fantasy and mystery genres. Music Religion Hebrew Bible Buddhism Christianity Islam Sports.
Top 10 Strange Phenomena of the Mind. Humans The mind is a wonderful thing – there is so much about it which remains a mystery to this day.
Science is able to describe strange phenomena, but can not account for their origins. While most of us are familiar with one or two on this list, many others are mostly unknown outside of the psychological realm. The Straight Dope - Fighting Ignorance Since 1973. DISTORTED THINKING. Confirmation bias - How Facebook Makes Us Dumber. Why does misinformation spread so quickly on the social media?
Why doesn’t it get corrected? When the truth is so easy to find, why do people accept falsehoods? A new study focusing on Facebook users provides strong evidence that the explanation is confirmation bias: people’s tendency to seek out information that confirms their beliefs, and to ignore contrary information. Confirmation bias turns out to play a pivotal role in the creation of online echo chambers. This finding bears on a wide range of issues, including the current presidential campaign, the acceptance of conspiracy theories and competing positions in international disputes. The new study, led by Michela Del Vicario of Italy’s Laboratory of Computational Social Science, explores the behavior of Facebook users from 2010 to 2014. 15 Styles of Distorted Thinking. Why We Believe Our Own Lies. 0 Share. Why predictions are a lot like Pringles. ‘Nobody thinks that there’s any great virtue in forecasts but we find them hard to resist’ In mid-December, Phil McNulty, the BBC’s chief football writer, offered us his predictions for the rest of the English Premier League season.
My interest in football is limited but I found McNulty’s efforts fascinating. Even the most sceptical about football can learn a great deal from the episode. A brief piece of context for those sceptics. Chelsea, the champions, had just played Leicester City, a team that had been relegation favourites just a few months before. Riflessioni in libertà: Il Popolo Unico, o il tunnel di Wile E. Coyote. Perché la scienza non si comunica a suon di schiaffi – Valigia Blu.