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World War II

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World War II: Timeline. World War II in Europe Timeline. Jump to: 1939 - 1940 - 1941 - 1942 - 1943 - 1944 - 1945 1918 November 11 - World War I ends with German defeat. 1919 April 28 - League of Nations founded.

World War II in Europe Timeline

June 28 - Signing of the Treaty of Versailles. 1921 July 29 - Adolf Hitler becomes leader of National Socialist (Nazi) Party. 1923 November 8/9 - Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch. 1925 July 18 - Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" published. 1926 September 8 - Germany admitted to League of Nations. 1929 October 29 - Stock Market on Wall Street crashes. 1930 September 14 - Germans elect Nazis making them the 2nd largest political party in Germany. 1932 November 8 - Franklin Roosevelt elected President of the United States. 1933 January 30 - Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.

February 27 - The German Reichstag burns. March 12 - First concentration camp opened at Oranienburg outside Berlin. March 23 - Enabling Act gives Hitler dictatorial power. April 1 - Nazi boycott of Jewish owned shops. History - World War Two: Summary Outline of Key Events. Second World War, 1939–45. On 3 September 1939 Prime Minister Robert Gordon Menzies announced the beginning of Australia's involvement in the Second World War on every national and commercial radio station in Australia.

Second World War, 1939–45

Almost a million Australians, both men and women, served in the Second World War. They fought in campaigns against Germany and Italy in Europe, the Mediterranean and North Africa, as well as against Japan in south-east Asia and other parts of the Pacific. The Australian mainland came under direct attack for the first time, as Japanese aircraft bombed towns in north-west Australia and Japanese midget submarines attacked Sydney harbour. Australia's War 1939-1945. Australians in World War II. The Australian Home Front during World War 2 - Overview. The Home Front - World War 2 An overview by Robert Lewis Initial Reactions When war broke out in September 1939 the Australian Government was much better prepared for it than in 1914.

The Australian Home Front during World War 2 - Overview

As in 1914 most Australians seemed to support the decision to be involved in the war. All major political parties, churches and newspapers supported involvement. Nor was there the same rush to enlist. From 'Phoney War' to 'All In'! For those in Australia, the first few months were a period of 'phoney war', when there was little actual combat for our troops and life at home for Australians at this stage was fairly normal. In June 1940, however, the German war machine struck, and the countries of Europe rapidly fell to the German Blitzkrieg of 'lightning war'.

Home WWII. Unlike World War I, the Second World War was waged much closer to home.

Home WWII

This time, they were facing an enemy in their own Pacific neighbourhood, aiming to invade the mainland. Civilians had to prepare for the invasion, and they faced years of hardships and shortages. Australia entered the war with only a small army: it had to urgently build a large fighting force. Women were ready to serve and suffer in the cause of winning the war. World War II was an opportunity for Australian women to take a step outside of the domestic sphere. The war was a political struggle for Prime Minister John Curtin, while the people prepared for invasion.

Everyday life on the home front had to change when basic food items became hard to find. Australians met Americans for the first time and discovered they did not always match the Hollywood image. Refugees escaping from Hitler found themselves caught up with captured enemy soldiers in Australia’s internment camps. 'Internment during World War II Australia' - Museum Victoria.

Image: Drawing - Exterior of Huts, Tatura Internment Camp, Karl Muffler, 1942 Source: Museum Victoria In 1939 thousands of Australian residents suddenly found themselves identified as potential threats to Australia's national security.

'Internment during World War II Australia' - Museum Victoria

The outbreak of World War II triggered a mass fear of invasion by Germany and later Japan. This led to panic that tens of thousands of Australian residents might become saboteurs or spies. The Japanese bombing of Darwin, Broome and northern Australia. Merchant vessels Barossa and Neptuna burning in Darwin Harbour near the jetty after receiving direct hits during the first Japanese air raid on 19 February 1942.

The Japanese bombing of Darwin, Broome and northern Australia

SS Neptuna later exploded and sank while the Barossa was towed clear of the explosion and was later salvaged. Photograph courtesy of A Oliver and the Australian War Memorial: P02759.011. During the Second World War, the Japanese flew 64 raids on Darwin and 33 raids on other targets in Northern Australia. On 19 February 1942, 188 Japanese planes were launched against Darwin, whose harbour was full of Allied ships. It was the largest Japanese attack since Pearl Harbour, 7 December 1941, and followed a reconnaissance flight on 10 February 1942. The USS Houston convoy departed Darwin on 15 February 1942, followed by a Japanese flying boat which later engaged in an air strike. From the first raid on 19 February 1942 until the last on 12 November 1943, Australia and its allies lost about 900 people, 77 aircraft and several ships.