Front Line: Life in the Trenches of WWI If you were a soldier fighting in the First World War, what would you see? What would you hear? With only 20 WWI veterans left in the world, fewer and fewer people are able to answer these questions with certainty. For everyone else, there's Front Line. Trenches: In this page, you'll find information on the construction of trenches, their layout, the hygiene (or lack thereof) of trenches, the cold, and how burials were handled in trench warfare. Routine: On here, you'll find information on the day-to-day life of the soldiers in the trenches: for example, the food they ate, their various duties, and the ways they attempted to cope. Warfare: This page details the "warfare" part of "trench warfare." Traumas: Trench Warfare was a horrific experience for most of the soldiers. Game: This is a choose-your-own-adventure style game that attempts to recreate the experience of trench warfare. About Front Line 2008 marks the 90th anniversary of the Armistice that ended the First World War. Contact Me
World War I World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history. Over 9 million combatants and 7 million civilians died as a result of the war (including the victims of a number of genocides), a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial sophistication, and the tactical stalemate caused by trench warfare, a grueling form of warfare in which the defender held the advantage. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, and paved the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved. The trigger for the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. Prelude
Origins and history The ILO was created in 1919, as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice. The Constitution was drafted between January and April, 1919, by the Labour Commission set up by the Peace Conference, which first met in Paris and then in Versailles. The Commission, chaired by Samuel Gompers, head of the American Federation of Labour (AFL) in the United States, was composed of representatives from nine countries: Belgium, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, France, Italy, Japan, Poland, the United Kingdom and the United States. It resulted in a tripartite organization, the only one of its kind bringing together representatives of governments, employers and workers in its executive bodies. The Constitution contained ideas tested within the International Association for Labour Legislation, founded in Basel in 1901. Early days Depression and War The Post-War Years
BBC Schools - Life in the trenches 31 October 2014Last updated at 15:07 Two British soldiers standing in a flooded communication trench during World War One On the Western Front, the war was fought in trenches. Trenches were long, narrow ditches dug into the ground where soldiers lived all day and night. There were many lines of German trenches on one side and many lines of Allied trenches on the other. In the middle, was no man's land, so-called because it did not belong to either army. Rest Soldiers in the trenches did not get much sleep. Dirty trenches The trenches could be very muddy and smelly.
Amerikanska revolutionen och frihetskriget | Historia Sjuårskriget hade kostat enorma summor pengar. Därför var både Frankrike och Storbritannien nästan ruinerade efter kriget. Det var skattebetalarna som fick betala. För Storbritanniens del var det främst de amerikanska kolonisterna som skulle pumpas på pengar. De nya skatterna ledde snart till att de amerikanska kolonisterna ville bli fria från Storbritannien. En amerikansk identitet hade växt fram De amerikanska kolonisterna bestod vid den här tiden inte bara av utvandrade engelsmän, utan också av tyskar, irländare m.fl. Storbritanniens kontroll av handeln ledde till protester Den politiska stämningen var friare i de amerikanska kolonierna än i Storbritannien och Europa. Storbritannien kontrollerade den amerikanska utrikeshandeln med järnhand för att kunna fylla på den brittiska statskassan.
7 Novels Written About World War I by Dictionary.com Slideshow 7 Novels Written About World War I To commemorate the centennial of the Great War, we’re looking back at the novels written about and influenced by World War I. One of the only novels published about World War I during the war, Rebecca West’s 1918 The Return of the Soldier tells the story of a shell-shocked soldier returning from the trenches. John Dos Passos’s 1921 Three Soldiers is known for its bold realist depiction of war. Memoirs of an Infantry Officer, published in 1930, is the second book in a trilogy by British author Siegfried Sassoon. Like John Dos Passos, Ernest Hemingway was a volunteer ambulance driver during the Great War. This 1929 book is an autobiography by Robert Graves, a British officer on the Western Front, who was gravely wounded in 1916. Dalton Trumbo’s dark 1939 novel Johnny Got His Gun chronicles a war veteran with injuries so extreme that he cannot communicate with the outside world.
In the trenches of 1914-1918 What were the trenches? Although most of us think primarily of the Great War in terms of life and death in the trenches, only a relatively small proportion of the army actually served there. The trenches were the front lines, the most dangerous places. Why were the trenches there? The idea of digging into the ground to give some protection from powerful enemy artillery and small arms fire was not a new idea or unique to the Great War. What were the trenches like? The type and nature of the trench positions varied a lot, depending on the local conditions. The bird's-eye view (below, from an official infantry training manual of March 1916) shows a typical but very stylised trench layout. Behind it is another line, similarly made, called a support line. The enemy had a very similar system of trenches. A typical trench system consisting of three main fire or support trenches, connected by communication trenches and with various posts, strong points and saps. Keep your head down!
Franska revolutionen Riksdagen För att råda bot på det stora underskottet i statskassan lät kungen sammankalla landets riksdag, generalständerna, 1789. Han gav i uppdrag åt sin finansminister att övertyga ständerna om att nya skatter måste till för rädda situationen och väntade sig en snabb affär, men ständerna hade inte varit sammankallade på 175 år och många inom tredje ståndet beslutade sig för att ta tillfället i akt för att försöka åstadkomma en förändring. Röstförfarandet var så att varje stånd hade en röst och därigenom kunde de två frälsestånden motverka lagförslag som berövade dem deras privilegier. Frälsestånden hade kungens öra, så regenten motsatte sig detta förslag. Stormningen av Bastiljen När underrättelsen om nationalförsamlingen nådde allmänhetens öron uppstod för makten svårkontrollerbar glädje och kungen samlade sina trupper utanför Versailles. Nationalförsamlingens åtgärder 1789-91 Oroligheterna i landet skyndade på nationalförsamlingens arbete och resultatet blev: Kungafamiljen Kvinnotåget
Life in the Trenches Life in the trenches during the First World War took many forms, and varied widely from sector to sector and from front to front. Undoubtedly, it was entirely unexpected for those eager thousands who signed up for war in August 1914. A War of Movement? Indeed, the Great War - a phrase coined even before it had begun - was expected to be a relatively short affair and, as with most wars, one of great movement. The First World War was typified however by its lack of movement, the years of stalemate exemplified on the Western Front from autumn 1914 until spring 1918. Not that there wasn't movement at all on the Western Front during 1914-18; the war began dramatically with sweeping advances by the Germans through Belgium and France en route for Paris. So what was life actually like for the men serving tours of duty in the line, be they front line, support or reserve trenches? Daily Death in the Trenches Rat Infestation Rats in their millions infested trenches. Frogs, Lice and Worse The Trench Cycle
Första världskriget – en oundviklig katastrof? | Populär Historia Första världskriget är sannolikt den mest omvälvande händelse som drabbat vår kontinent sedan Västroms fall. Det som skedde åren 1914–18 kom tveklöst att forma hela 1900-talet: kriget var det tjugonde seklets stora urkatastrof, vilken förutan de andra är otänkbara. Utan första världskriget skulle bolsjevikerna aldrig ha gripit makten i Ryssland och nazisterna aldrig segrat i Tyskland; utan första världskriget skulle det aldrig ha blivit något andra världskrig, och ingen Förintelse, inte heller något kallt krig, samtidigt som de konflikter som präglat tiden efter 1945 troligtvis heller aldrig skulle ha ägt rum. Sedan får man inte heller glömma att första världskriget också förde med sig andra effekter, också de oförutsedda men goda. Så till exempel skulle det som då kallades kvinnoemancipationen troligtvis ha fördröjts om det inte varit för de effekter kriget fick på könsrollerna och vad gällde synen på manligt och kvinnligt. Ändå blev det ett storkrig, ja ett världskrig. Nåväl.
Life In The Trenches | WW1 Facts There was nothing glamorous about trench life. World War 1 trenches were dirty, smelly and riddled with disease. For soldiers life in the trenches meant living in fear. In fear of diseases (like cholera and trench foot) and of course, the constant fear of enemy attack. Trench warfare WW1 style is something all participating countries vowed never to repeat and the facts make it easy to see why. Constructing WW1 Trenches The British and the French recruited manpower from non-belligerent China to support the troops with manual labour. 140,000 Chinese labourers served on the Western Front over the course of the First World War (40,000 with the French and 100,000 with the British forces). No Man’s Land The open space between two sets of opposing trenches became known as No Man’s Land because no soldier wanted to traverse the distance for fear of attack. The climate in France and Belgium was quite wet, so No Man’s Land soon became a mud bath. Hell on Earth