World War I World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history. Over 9 million combatants and 7 million civilians died as a result of the war (including the victims of a number of genocides), a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial sophistication, and the tactical stalemate caused by trench warfare, a grueling form of warfare in which the defender held the advantage. The trigger for the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. Etymology In Canada, Maclean's magazine in October 1914 wrote, "Some wars name themselves. Background Political and military alliances Arms race Prelude July Crisis
George Carlin George Denis Patrick Carlin (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008) was an American comedian, writer, social critic, and actor who won five Grammy Awards for his comedy albums. Carlin was noted for his black comedy as well as his thoughts on politics, the English language, psychology, religion, and various taboo subjects. Carlin and his "Seven dirty words" comedy routine were central to the 1978 U.S. Supreme Court case F.C.C. v. Pacifica Foundation, in which a 5–4 decision by the justices affirmed the government's power to regulate indecent material on the public airwaves. One newspaper called Carlin "the dean of counterculture comedians The first of his 14 stand-up comedy specials for HBO was filmed in 1977. Early life Carlin joined the United States Air Force when he was old enough, and was trained as a radar technician. Career 1960s Carlin (right) with singer Buddy Greco in Away We Go (1967). George Carlin in 1969 Carlin was present at Lenny Bruce's arrest for obscenity.
1819, Dartmouth College v. Woodward Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward, 17 U.S. 518 (1819), was a landmark decision from the United States Supreme Court dealing with the application of the Contract Clause of the United States Constitution to private corporations. The case arose when the president of Dartmouth College was deposed by its trustees, leading to the New Hampshire legislature attempting to force the college to become a public institution and thereby place the ability to appoint trustees in the hands of the governor. The Supreme Court upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the college, which pre-dated the creation of the State. The decision settled the nature of public versus private charters and resulted in the rise of the American business corporation and the free American enterprise system. Background In 1769 King George III of Great Britain granted a charter to Dartmouth College. The trustees retained Dartmouth alumnus Daniel Webster, a New Hampshire native who would later become a U.S.
World War II: The Pacific Objectives Students will research in depth the key events of World War II in the Pacific; and debate whether dropping the nuclear bomb was the best way to end the war. Materials Paper and pencils Computer with Internet access Print resources about World War II in the Pacific (helpful, but not required) Procedures Find out what students know about World War II in the Pacific. Back to Top Evaluation Use the following three-point rubric to evaluate students' work during this lesson. Vocabulary Bataan Death MarchDefinition: After a major battle between the Allies and the Japanese that took place in the Philippines in May 1942, the Allies surrendered and were made to march five to ten days, or about 100 kilometers.Context: The Bataan Death March and the imprisonment of the soldiers at Camp O'Donnell resulted in 3,000 American deaths. Standards This lesson plan addresses the following standards from the National Council for the Social Studies: VI. Credits Marilyn Fenichel, education writer and editor
World War II World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. World War II altered the political alignment and social structure of the world. Chronology The start of the war in Europe is generally held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland; Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. Others follow the British historian A. The exact date of the war's end is also not universally agreed upon. Background To prevent a future world war, the League of Nations was created during the 1919 Paris Peace Conference.
Japanese Canadian internment Beginning after the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and lasting until 1949 (four years after World War II had ended) all persons of Japanese heritage were systematically removed from their homes and businesses and sent to internment camps. The Canadian government shut down all Japanese-language newspapers, took possession of businesses and fishing boats, and effectively sold them. In order to fund the internment itself, vehicles, houses and personal belongings were also sold. In August 1944, Prime Minister Mackenzie King announced that Japanese Canadians were to move east as had been previously encouraged. Prewar history Tensions between Canadians and Japanese immigrants to Canada existed long before the outbreak of World War II. Starting as early as 1858, with the influx of "Orientals" during Fraser Canyon Gold Rush, negative beliefs and fears about Asian immigrants began to affect the populace in British Columbia. World War II Mackenzie King
Pacific War Sources and Lessons Compiled August 2005 So much of what appears in textbooks about the war in the Pacific focuses on U.S. military actions from Pearl Harbor to the surrender of Japan. Many of the websites annotated below deal with the Japanese point of view of the war in the Pacific, offer primary sources, or address issues surrounding the decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. General sites Imperial Japanese Navy Page comprehensive site concerning the Imperial Japanese Navy and the Pacific War. The Pacific War Pacific War Historical Society presents an illustrated history of the Pacific War from Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal, and addresses Japanese war crimes, 1937-45, and the atomic bombing of Japan. The Pacific War: A World War II Special Feature Timeline of Events, WWII in the Pacific Lesson Plans The Atomic Bomb Ending the War Against Japan : Science, Morality, and the Atomic Bomb. Primary Sources
Cold War Photograph of the Berlin Wall taken from the West side. The Wall was built in 1961 to prevent East Germans from fleeing Communism and to stop an economically disastrous drain of workers. It was an iconic symbol of the Cold War and its fall in 1989 marked the approaching end of the War. The Cold War was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States with NATO and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in Warsaw Pact). The two superpowers never engaged directly in full-scale armed combat but they each armed heavily in preparation of an all-out nuclear World War III. The first phase of the Cold War began in the aftermath of the end of the Second World War. Origins of the term For forty or fifty years past, Mr. In The Observer of March 10, 1946, Orwell wrote that "[a]fter the Moscow conference last December, Russia began to make a 'cold war' on Britain and the British Empire Background
Dartmouth College v. Woodward Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward, 17 U.S. (4 Wheat.) 518 (1819), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case dealing with the application of the Contract Clause of the United States Constitution to private corporations. The case arose when the president of Dartmouth College was deposed by its trustees, leading to the New Hampshire legislature attempting to force the college to become a public institution and thereby place the ability to appoint trustees in the hands of the governor. The Supreme Court upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the college, which pre-dated the creation of the State. Facts In 1769 King George III of England granted a charter to Dartmouth College. The trustees retained Dartmouth alumnus Daniel Webster, a New Hampshire native who would later become a U.S. Judgment Full article ▸