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Afrique de l'Ouest

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Togo. Togo ( i/ˈtoʊɡoʊ/), officially the Togolese Republic (French: République Togolaise), is a country in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.


Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone ( i/sɪˈɛərə lɪˈoʊni, -lɪˈoʊn/),[5] officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.

Sierra Leone

It is bordered by Guinea in the north-east, Liberia in the south-east, and the Atlantic Ocean in the south-west. Sierra Leone has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests. Sierra Leone has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi)[6] and an estimated population of 6 million (2011 United Nations estimate).[7][8] Freetown is the capital, largest city, and its economic and political centre. Bo is the second largest city. About sixteen ethnic groups inhabit Sierra Leone, each with their own language and customs.

Sierra Leone is a nominally Muslim country,[9][10][11] though with an influential Christian minority. Sierra Leone has relied on mining, especially diamonds, for its economic base. Sierra Leone became independent in 1961. Senegal. Senegal ( i/ˌsɛnɨˈɡɔːl, -ˈɡɑːl/;[5][6] French: le Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal (French: République du Sénégal [ʁepyblik dy seneɡal]), is a country in West Africa.


It is the westernmost country in the mainland of the Old World or Eurafrasia[7] and owes its name to the Sénégal River that borders it to the east and north. Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi), and has an estimated population of about 13 million. The climate is tropical and alternates between a dry season and rainy season. Senegal's capital and largest city is Dakar. The territory of modern Senegal has been inhabited by various ethnic groups since the prehistoric era. Senegal's economy is centered mostly on commodities and natural resources. Saint Helena. The island was uninhabited when discovered by the Portuguese in 1502.

Saint Helena

One of the most remote islands in the world, it was for centuries an important stopover for ships sailing to Europe from Asia and South Africa. Napoleon was imprisoned there in exile by the British, as were Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo (for leading a Zulu army against British rule) and more than 5,000 Boers taken prisoner during the Second Boer War. Between 1791 and 1833, Saint Helena became the site of a series of experiments in conservation, reforestation and attempts to boost rainfall artificially.[4] This environmental intervention was closely linked to the conceptualization of the processes of environmental change and helped establish the roots of environmentalism.[4] Saint Helena is Britain's second oldest remaining Overseas Territory, after Bermuda. History[edit] Early history (1502–1658)[edit] Nigeria.

Not to be confused with the neighbouring country Niger.


Niger. Niger (


Mauritania. This article is about the modern country.


For the ancient kingdom, see Mauretania. Mauritania. Mali. Coordinates:


Liberia. Liberia i/laɪˈbɪəriə/, Cape Mesurado, Grain Coast, Pepper Coast, (Little America) or (LIB), commonly and officially referred to as the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.


Liberia means "Land of the Free. " It is bordered by Sierra Leone to its west, Guinea to its north and Ivory Coast to its east. It covers an area of 111,369 square kilometres (43,000 sq mi) and is home to 4,503,000 people.[3] English is the official language but only 15% of Liberians speak English[citation needed] and over 20 indigenous languages are spoken. Forests on the coastline are composed mostly of salt-tolerant mangrove trees while the more sparsely populated inland has forests opening onto a plateau of drier grasslands.

Ivory Coast. Ivory Coast ( i/ˌaɪvəri ˈkoʊst/) or Côte d'Ivoire (/ˌkoʊt dɨˈvwɑr/;[7] KOHT dee-VWAHR; French: [kot divwaʁ]), officially the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (French: République de Côte d'Ivoire), is a country in West Africa.

Ivory Coast

Guinea-Bissau. Guinea-Bissau, officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau i/ˈɡɪni bɪˈsaʊ/ (Portuguese: República da Guiné-Bissau, pronounced: [ʁeˈpublikɐ dɐ ɡiˈnɛ biˈsaw]), is a country in West Africa. Guinea. Guinea Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population.[9] Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, in the media, and among the country's security forces, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.

Guinea's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and mineral production.[10] It is the world's second largest producer of bauxite, and has rich deposits of diamonds and gold.[11] Human rights in Guinea remain controversial. In 2011 the United States government claimed that torture by security forces, and abuse of women and children (e.g. female genital mutilation) were ongoing abuses of human rights.[12] Ghana. Ghana ( i/ˈɡɑːnə/), officially called the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign state and unitary presidential constitutional republic, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in West Africa. The country is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south.

The word Ghana means "Warrior King".[7] Prior to colonization by the British in the mid-19th century, Ghana was the site of numerous kingdoms and empires. In 1957, it became the first African nation to declare independence from European colonization.[8][9][10] This made Ghana the symbol of Black achievement and it sparked the interest of other African Nations to seek independence as well; it also had a great influence on Pan-Africanism and the Black Pride movements in the United States of America.[11][12] Name and etymology[edit] The Gambia. Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso ( i/bərˈkiːnə ˌfɑːsoʊ/ bər-KEE-nə FAH-soh; French: [buʁkina faso]) is a landlocked country in West Africa around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) in size.

It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. Its capital is Ouagadougou. As of 2014, its population was estimated at just over 17.3 million.[4] Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara. Benin.  Découvrir le Cap-Vert et sa culture   Cap-Vert. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. République de Cabo Verde República de Cabo Verde (pt) Les îles étaient inhabitées avant l'arrivée des premiers explorateurs portugais en 1456. Première colonie européenne dans les tropiques, elle sert de tête de pont à la traite des esclaves et au commerce triangulaire. Le Cap-Vert attire alors de nombreux corsaires et pirates, parmi lesquels Francis Drake vers 1580. Aujourd'hui, le Cap-Vert possède une économie centrée sur la production de services, notamment dans le tourisme.

Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Du XVe à la fin du XVIIIe siècle[modifier | modifier le code] Au XVIe siècle, l'archipel prospère grâce aux bénéfices tirés de la traite négrière transatlantique[3]. West Africa. The Maghreb, a separate region to West Africa. Youssou N’Dour : "Je ne suis pas politiquement correct" Après avoir été ministre de la Culture, puis du Tourisme et des Loisirs depuis 2012.

Youssou N’Dour est classé par le magazine "Time" parmi les 100 personnes les plus influentes de la planète ce que le chanteur ne contredira pas lors de cet entretien, il souhaite que sa vision de faire de la politique soit avant tout originale. Si Youssou N’Dour ne veut pas trop parler de sa fortune personnelle, son influence est très importante au Sénégal. Il détient un club, un groupe de presse "Futurs Media" avec notamment une radio, une télé et le quotidien le plus lu du pays qui n’est d’ailleurs pas toujours tendre avec ses disques, mais ici le chanteur dit laisser faire les journalistes, "Ils sont complètement libres d’écrire ce qu’ils veulent, de commenter et d’apprécier" rappelle-t-il.

Youssou n'dour explique pourquoi il est influent ! Portail:Culture ivoirienne.