Jean Fautrier Biography Jean Fautrier was a French painter and sculptor best known for his involvement in the Art Informel group. Fautrier’s works evolved from brooding yet naturalistic figure paintings to almost wholly abstract gestures and shapes. Born on May 16, 1898 in Paris, France, Fautrier moved to London with his mother. He later attended both the Royal Academy of Arts and the Slade School, but found both stifling and academic. Irish Art Archive - William John Hennessy - Milmo-Penny Fine Art Hennessy spent the summer months in Normandy where he had a residence close to the port of Honfleur. A school of painting, based in Saint Siméon’s Inn, was already well established there. Corot, Isabey and Huet were amongst the first painters of the group. Boudin, who was born there, invited Courbet, Jongkind and Monet to join them. It was at this time that Boudin encouraged Monet to paint in the open air and it was this activity that led to the advent of Impressionism. Hennessy might have had this in mind when he painted An Impressionist at Work; Scene in a Normandy Cider Orchard, which he sent to the Royal Academy in 1881.
Duane Hanson Biography Duane Hanson was an American sculptor known for his hyper-realistic depictions of ordinary people. Using polyester resin, Bondo, bronze, or fiberglass, Hanson’s technique involved casting living people and then painstakingly painting the fiberglass figure with all the imperfections and veins of actual skin. “My art is not about fooling people,” the artist explained. “It's the human attitudes I'm after—fatigue, a bit of frustration, rejection. To me, there is a kind of beauty in all this.”
Claude Monet Oscar-Claude Monet (French: [klod mɔnɛ]; 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926) was a founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. The term "Impressionism" is derived from the title of his painting Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which was exhibited in 1874 in the first of the independent exhibitions mounted by Monet and his associates as an alternative to the Salon de Paris. Monet's ambition of documenting the French countryside led him to adopt a method of painting the same scene many times in order to capture the changing of light and the passing of the seasons. From 1883 Monet lived in Giverny, where he purchased a house and property, and began a vast landscaping project which included lily ponds that would become the subjects of his best-known works. Monet and Impressionism
Kees van Dongen Biography Kees van Dongen was a Dutch painter known for his distinctive Fauvist portraits characterized by their bold palettes and his subject’s large, almond-shaped eyes. Part of the avant-garde movement that included Henri Matisse, Maurice de Vlaminck, and André Derain, van Dongen employed aggressively clashing colors to paint sensuous and even garish representations of the fashionable French bourgeoisie, and the wealth that permitted their leisurely lifestyle. Born Cornelis Theodorus Maria van Dongen on January 26, 1877 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, the artist’s flagrant use of color and expressive line became his signature style, and inspiration gained from international travel set him apart from his peers—the French artists he exhibited with while living in Paris during the early part of the 20th century. In 1926, van Dongen was inducted into the French Legion of Honor, and, in 1927, awarded the Order of the Crown of Belgium.
Icelandic Art Center Guðmundur Guðmundsson (b. 1932), better known as Erró, is without a doubt the best known contemporary artist of Iceland. After studying in Iceland, at the age of 20 he was admitted to the Oslo Academy of Fine Art, Norway. In 1954 he studied at the Florence Academy of Art and later in Ravenna, Italy, where he focussed on mosaic technique. In 1958 he moved to Paris in 1958, where was accepted by the local Surrealists with open arms.
Jean-Paul Laurens Jean-Paul Laurens (Fourquevaux 28 March 1838 – 23 March 1921 Paris), was a French painter and sculptor, and one of the last major exponents of the French Academic style. He was a pupil of Léon Cogniet and Alexandre Bida. Strongly anti-clerical and republican, his work was often on historical and religious themes, through which he sought to convey a message of opposition to monarchical and clerical oppression. His erudition and technical mastery were much admired in his time, but in later years his highly realistic technique, coupled to a theatrical mise-en-scène, came to be regarded by some art-historians as overly didactic. More recently, however, his work has been re-evaluated as an important and original renewal of history painting, a genre of painting that was in decline during Laurens' lifetime. Notable students
Robert Morris Biography, Art, and Analysis of Works Synopsis Robert Morris was one of the central figures of Minimalism. Through both his own sculptures of the 1960s and theoretical writings, Morris set forth a vision of art pared down to simple geometric shapes stripped of metaphorical associations, and focused on the artwork's interaction with the viewer.
Henry Moret Henry Moret (12 December 1856, Cherbourg – 5 May 1913, Paris) was a French Impressionist painter. He was one of the artists who associated with Gauguin at Pont-Aven in Brittany. Early life Victor Hugo - Author, Poet, Playwright Victor Hugo is a celebrated French Romantic author best known for his poetry and his novels, including Les Misérables. Synopsis Victor Hugo was born on February 26, 1802, in Besançon, France. Piero Manzoni - Biography - Piero Manzoni Archive - Fondazione Piero Manzoni Piero Manzoni was born on 13 July 1933 in Soncino (a village in the Po Valley in the province of Cremona). He grew up in Milan, spending his summer holidays at Albisola Capo (a seaside resort on the Liguria Riviera), where he and his parents used to meet Lucio Fontana, the founder of the Spatialism avant-garde movement. In 1958 Piero Manzoni exposed with Lucio Fontana, the founder of the Spatialism, and Enrico Baj, the founder of the Nuclear Art. In the same year he had begun the collaboration with two young artists, Enrico Castellani and Agostino Bonalumi. In 1959 they edited the first issue of "Azimuth", an avant-garde magazine, and founded the art gallery Azimut (run by Castellani and Manzoni).
Mario Merz A major figure in the Arte Povera movement, the Italian artist Mario Merz’s work combines a fascination with the material and metaphorical qualities of natural objects with ideas regarding infinity and repetition. Much of his work was based around the Fibonacci sequence, a formula often used to express mathematical sequences in nature. Merz first studied medicine and as a young man living in Turin at the end of the Second World War he became strongly politically motivated, joining an anti-fascist organisation. After travelling to Rome and Paris he turned to art, making abstract paintings from 1960. It wasn’t until the mid-1960s that he shifted his artistic interests to more complex objects, making works that involved neon lights and everyday objects. He was particularly attracted to exploring metaphors that reflected the relationship between nature and art, and his radical practice brought him into proximity with other artists working with in a similar manner.