Mapping the 1854 Cholera Outbreak.
Guns, Germs and Steel - Diamond, Jared. Sustainable Development Goals. Bill Gates has a utopian dream. Watch this guy grill him about it. Bhopal Disaster. On the night of December 2, 1984 a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India leaked methyl isocynate gas and other chemicals creating a dense toxic cloud over the region and killing more than 8,000 people in just the first few days.
Take action right now to prevent a tragedy like Bhopal from ever happening again. Greenpeace is taking action On the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Bhopal disaster, a coalition of labor and environmental groups put out a call for safety at U.S. chemical plants. Just 300 of the 6,000+ high-risk chemical sites across the U.S. put more than 100 million Americans at risk if attacked. Recently, the House of Representatives approved a compromise chemical security bill (H.R. 2868) that could help prevent Bhopal-like catastrophes at some the highest risk U.S. chemical plants. Home. Start of a Movement. History: Love Canal: the Start of a Movement By Lois Marie Gibbs Lois Marie Gibbs was the key leader of Love Canal residents in their fight to be relocated away from a toxic dump containing over 20,000 tons of chemicals.
She is the Executive Director of the Center for Health, Environment and Justice, which she founded in 1981 following the Love Canal struggle. CHEJ is a national organization that assists local people to become empowered to protect their communities from environmental threats. The following text was written by Lois Marie Gibbs and CHEJ in 1983 and updated in 1997 and 2002. The Love Canal Tragedy. By Eckardt C.
Beck [EPA Journal - January 1979] If you get there before I do Tell 'em I'm a comin' too To see the things so wondrous true At Love's new Model City (From a turn-of-the-century advertising jingle promoting the development of Love Canal) Give me Liberty. I've Already Got Death. The Life and Legacy of Rachel Carson. 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak. Broadwick Street showing the John Snow memorial and public house.
Background In the mid-19th century, the Soho district of London had a serious problem with filth due to the large influx of people and a lack of proper sanitary services: the London sewer system had not reached Soho. Many cellars (basements) had cesspools of night soil underneath their floorboards. Since the cesspools were overrunning, the London government decided to dump the waste into the River Thames. This action contaminated the water supply, leading to a cholera outbreak. Outbreak Over the next three days, 127 people on or near Broad Street died.
Smudge stick. A smudge stick is a bundle of dried herbs, usually bound with string into a small bundle.
The herbs are later burned as part of a ritual or ceremony. Plants that are often used include sage and cedar. The American English term "smudge stick" is usually found in use among non-Indigenous people who believe they are imitating North American Native ceremonies. However, the herbs used in commercial smudge sticks, and the rituals performed with them by non-Natives, are rarely the actual materials or rituals used by traditional Native Americans. Using scent and scented smoke in religious rites is an element common to many religions and cultures worldwide, but the details and spiritual meanings are usually unique to the specific cultures and ceremonies in question.
Smudging in North American Native Traditions In some First Nations and Native American ceremonies, certain herbs are traditionally used to purify or bless people and places. Smudging in other cultures See also Broad Street Pump Outbreak. The following description of the Broad Street Pump Outbreak was written by Judith Summers in her history of the Soho neighborhood of London.
For John Snow's own account, click here and go to "Part 2. " By the middle of the 19th century, Soho had become an insanitary place of cow-sheds, animal droppings, slaughterhouses, grease-boiling dens and primitive, decaying sewers. GIS analysis of Snow's London cholera map. GIS Analyses of Snow's Map Snow's map, demonstrating the spatial clustering of cholera deaths around the Broad Street well, provided strong evidence in support of his theory that cholera was a water-borne disease.
Snow used some proto-GIS methods to buttress his argument: first he drew Thiessen polygons around the wells, defining straight-line least-distance service areas for each. WORLD HEALTH RANKINGS. Access more than 36,000 Country Health correlations with this powerful comparison tool that let's you create side by side comparisons between any two countries in the world.
Simply select a country from the list below to visit that country's page, we have selected a default comparison for you. Use the scrolling lists menu to select which country you want to compare it to or choose a new country. The History of Sanitary Sewers. London Lives 1690 to 1800 ~ Crime, Poverty and Social Policy in the Metropolis. Human impact has pushed Earth into the Anthropocene, scientists say. There is now compelling evidence to show that humanity’s impact on the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans and wildlife has pushed the world into a new geological epoch, according to a group of scientists.
The question of whether humans’ combined environmental impact has tipped the planet into an “Anthropocene” – ending the current Holocene which began around 12,000 years ago – will be put to the geological body that formally approves such time divisions later this year. Global estimates of burden of disease caused by the environment and occupational risks.