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Canadian Indian residential school system

Canadian Indian residential school system
There has long been significant historiographical and popular controversy about the conditions experienced by students in the residential schools. While day schools for First Nations, Metis and Inuit children always far outnumbered residential schools, a new consensus emerged in the early 21st century that the latter schools did significant harm to Aboriginal children who attended them by removing them from their families, depriving them of their ancestral languages, sterilization, and exposing many of them to physical and sexual abuse at the hands of staff and other students, and enfranchising them forcibly. History[edit] The foundations of the system were the pre-confederation Gradual Civilization Act (1857) and the Gradual Enfranchisement Act (1869). These assumed the inherent superiority of British ways, and the need for Indians to become English-speakers, Christians, and farmers. At the time, many Aboriginal leaders wanted these acts overturned.[9] St. Mortality rates[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Indian_residential_school_system

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Stories of residential school survivors The young girl, whose mother had died in childbirth, was being cared for by her aunt and uncle. “But I came into the wrong hands when I was six,” Flanders told attendees at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission this week. As TRC commissioners Marie Wilson and Chief Wilton Littlechild listened, Flanders described the sense of sheer isolation and loneliness that she felt as a boarding student at St. Michael’s Indian Residential School in Alert Bay. For 10 years, she missed out on typical childhood experiences, like knowing what it was like to celebrate a birthday, or going home to see her family for Christmas. She grew up without parents, spending a decade of her life, as she remembers it, “behind brick walls”.

Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission The Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission is a truth and reconciliation commission organized by the parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement.[1] The commission is part of an overall holistic and comprehensive response to the Indian residential school legacy. It was officially established on June 2, 2008. After their closing, Indian residential schools became notorious for allegations of physical, psychological, and sexual abuse and neglect. The commission will look at activities perpetrated within residential schools, as well as the negative impacts of the schools' stated aim, to forcibly assimilate First Nations children. The matter of student deaths at these institutions, and their burial in unmarked graves without the notification or consent of the parents, is an additional item on the agenda. On June 11, 2008, Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologized for the government's role in their administration of the residential schools.

Aboriginal students: An education underclass - Canada John Woods/CP The two schools sit a mere five kilometres apart as the crow flies, in a rural stretch of Manitoba about four hours west of Winnipeg. Their soccer teams compete every spring. Their students groan over many of the same textbooks. Truth and Reconciliation It is difficult to place an exact figure on the number of residential schools to which Aboriginal people have been sent in Canada. While religious orders had been operating such schools before Confederation in 1867, it was not the 1880s that the federal government fully embraced the residential school model for Aboriginal education. While the government began to close the schools in the 1970s, the last school remained in operation until 1996. For purposes of providing compensation to former students the Indian Residential School Settlement Agreement has identified 139 residential schools. (Despite the fact that the agreement is titled the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, the lives of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit people were all touched by these schools.)

Justice for All? On June 11, 2008, in the Parliament of Canada, Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologized on behalf of all Canadians for “the policy of assimilation” and the terrible pain and suffering endured by aboriginal peoples, including Inuit, who attended Indian residential schools and hostels in Canada. The prime minister said this policy “had no place in a country like Canada.” The apology by the prime minister and the other elements of the Residential Schools Settlement Act, are historic achievements, but there also remains unfinished residential school business, especially within Nunavik. Several hundred Nunavik residents are excluded by both the apology and the common experience payment.

A history of residential schools in Canada - Canada What is a residential school? In the 19th century, the Canadian government believed it was responsible for educating and caring for aboriginal people in Canada. It thought their best chance for success was to learn English and adopt Christianity and Canadian customs. Ideally, they would pass their adopted lifestyle on to their children, and native traditions would diminish, or be completely abolished in a few generations. The Canadian government developed a policy called "aggressive assimilation" to be taught at church-run, government-funded industrial schools, later called residential schools.

Amnesty International Slams Quebec Values Charter For Limiting 'Fundamental Rights' MONTREAL - Amnesty International is wading into the debate over Quebec's controversial charter of values, arguing that the plan would limit "fundamental rights" and further stigmatize vulnerable women. The Canadian branch of the human-rights organization says the Parti Quebecois proposal would violate Canadian and international law for infringing on freedom of expression and religion. The PQ plan announced earlier this month would prohibit public employees from wearing obvious religious symbols, including the hijab. Amnesty took particular issue with one of the stated goals of the proposed charter — that it would promote equality between the sexes. "For people, and particularly for women, who might be coerced into wearing a religious symbol, prohibiting them from wearing it will not solve the problem," the group said in a statement. The group has voiced concern over Quebec policies before.

Indian Residential Schools Important The Web site deals with topics that may cause trauma invoked by memories of past abuse. The Government of Canada recognizes the need for safety measures to minimize the risk associated with triggering. A National Indian Residential School Crisis Line has been set up to provide support for former Residential School students. You can access emotional and crisis referral services.

An Aboriginal Girl's Battle to Tell the Truth at School Ruby was seven years old and in Grade 2. She was to prepare a class presentation on a topic of her choice, and decided she wanted to tell the story of why she doesn't speak her First Nations language. Ruby wanted to share information about the effects Indian residential school had on her family and community in terms of language loss. This was a very important topic that meant a lot to her. She wanted everyone to know about how wrong Indian residential schools were. Ruby and her father spoke to Ruby's teacher to describe the intended presentation. Residential Schools For more than 100 years, Aboriginal children in Canada were sent to special schools, called Indian Residential Schools. These schools were built and run by the Government of Canada and the Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, United and Presbyterian churches. Over 150,000 First Nation, Métis and Inuit children attended these schools between 1857 and 1996. Life at residential school was hard for many children. Students were forced to speak English or French, and were punished if they spoke their own native languages. Often these children were taken from their families and placed in schools far away from their communities, sometimes for many years at a time.

Religious Law Chafes Christians and Muslims Alike Christian women in Syria and Jordan say they share many legal and cultural constraints with Muslim counterparts. That's due to the pre-eminence of religious law--whatever the faith--over family and personal life. DAMASCUS, Syria (WOMENSENEWS)--Every Sunday morning, Eva Zatari gets up early, puts on her best clothes and goes to church where she solemnly recites the Lord's Prayer. Conservative Victims’ Bill of Rights smacks of medieval justice Many of us had hoped the recent Speech from the Throne would herald a new direction in justice and corrections. Sadly, it was not to be. The emphasis on a proposed Victims’ Bill of Rights, in particular, is not simply a distraction from the real crisis in Canadian justice, but also holds the promise of yet further regress. The real crisis lies in the congestion and delays in our courts, together with the crowding in our prisons and remand centres, which threaten our capacity to respect fundamental principles of justice and Charter-guaranteed protections.

Wikipedia contains a lot of text and general information about residential schools and all the pain and suffering of the native american children that is very useful to us. It is a reliable site and is to be trusted. by morariumorson Oct 29

In this case, it explains every problem about the residential schools. The mortality rates and the reasons why children escaped are fully detalled. It also explains all the consequences about these schools. by gauthierlamoueuxlaverdiere Oct 25

Wikipedia is a well known resources site and we think it's a great site which explains in great detail the subject of residential school. We think it's a great addition that at the bottom of the page they’re also all the sources they've been taking information from which makes this article very complete. It is also very organized since they have sub-topics (for example, Apologies, Reconciliation attempts, Mortality rates, etc.) which helps the reader to situate himself. by chenglaitung Oct 24

We believe that this site was a pertinent site to take because it describes the residential school experience very well. In addition, there are several apologies documented on this site, giving us more insight about the repercussions that the schools had on the aboriginal children. There are also several. It is altogether a well informed wep page that gives you all the information you need to know about the residential schools and their consequences. by hazbounwasher Oct 23

We like this website,because it has subtitles that organize the informations and makes me understand bether.Its very clear and it talks about the darkest points of residential schools. The information is very detailed. by evavale Oct 23

I think that this website is very helpful because contains a lot of information, it helps me understand what residential schools were like in the past. What is also great about this page is that it has links leading to other websites, which can be helpful when you need more information. by kosseimandruskiewitsch Oct 21

I think that this Wikipedia page is a great place to start researching residential schools and the trails they left behind, because there are many links to more detailed explanations of every aspect of this topic. For example, reconciliation attempts, apologies, portrayals in the media and residential school inspired novels, plays and movies are all shown on this page. by bertoia.bobotis.dufresne. Oct 20

Even though this site is somewhat reliable, because everyone can edit its information, it still gives us optimal and resourceful information, explaining in a very deatailed manner the Residential schools, the major issues surrounding them, and the numerous situations still being debated to this day over the confrontations between aboriginal communities and the federal governement. by bolduczienkiewiczhamdy Oct 19

I think this web page relates to the subject because it is a great way to inform yourself on all the horrible doings of the residential schools. It explains the physical and mental abuse all the aboriginal children had to live through every day for many years. They were stuck in prison, they were stuck in residential schools. by cotegiroux Oct 18

Wikipedia is a well known reliable site with a great reputation. It is important to put a site that explains the whole story from A to Z, to increase the readers comprehension of what truly happened in those brutal schools. Wikipedia is also to the point and does not skip any information. by biellowener Oct 18

This site is quite trust worthy when it comes to the information given to us. it explains in grave detail what happpened for so long in so many residential schools across Canada. They explain what these aboriginal children suffored on a daily basises such as the mental and physical abuse, the mal nutrition, the long hours of work and being taught new things. And so many other things. by tousignanttchekilk Oct 18

Wikipedia is a trusted source that a lot of people visit while looking for informations. It presents strictly the facts so you know what you're reading is true. Unlike sites that sugarcoat and change the information Wikipedia (when compared to university sites and personal experiences) provides valuable information. by brochuhall Oct 15

Wikipedia is an excelent source to demonstrate what we are trying to show everyone. It has some basic information that is very useful to know about Canadian Indian residential schools. The more complicated information can be found on the other websites. It is important to check this website out because or else you will not understand very well the story of residential schools. by boccanfusothirion Oct 15

Yes! Wikipedia is a great source. We think that the information displayed is good information. This is a trusted site. by lamarresebire Oct 8

We think that wikipedia is a great site to explain what happened to the kids in the schools and they also explain how they lost the culture aswell. by durandeaua Oct 7

This is a great source because it does a nice job of going over much of the subject and reviews almost every aspect that you would want to know about. Wikipedia is also a reliable site for information about the world round us. by tartev Oct 7

We think wikipedia is an excellent site to show the abuse of the aboriginal kids in residential schools. It specifies the mental, physical and sometimes, sexual abuse of the kids. The site isn't specialized in abuses of the kids but it shows good examples of it by stuartghita Oct 3

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