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U.S. Civil War 1861-1865

U.S. Civil War 1861-1865
Jump To: Fort Sumter Attacked - First Bull Run - Shiloh - Second Bull Run - Antietam - Fredericksburg - Chancellorsville - Gettysburg - Chickamauga - Chattanooga - Cold Harbor - March to the Sea - Lee Surrenders - Lincoln Shot November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln, who had declared "Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free..." is elected president, the first Republican, receiving 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote. December 20, 1860 - South Carolina secedes from the Union. Followed within two months by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas. Auction and Negro sales, Atlanta, Georgia. 1861 February 9, 1861 - The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis, a West Point graduate and former U.S. Terms of use: Private home/school non-commercial, non-Internet re-usage only is allowed of any text, graphics, photos, audio clips, other electronic files or materials from The History Place.

Civil War Kady Brownell | Civil War Women Blog Female Soldier from Rhode Island Kady Southwell was born in 1842 in an army camp on the coast of Africa, where her French mother had traveled to watch her Scottish father on maneuvers. Accounts of her life have always been in dispute, but it is known that her mother died shortly after her birth. Kady did not appear in any census records until 1860. During that time, Kady met a millwright named Robert Brownell, who was six years older than Kady. In 1861, when the state of Rhode Island called for young men to enlist in the Union army for 90 days, Robert joined right away. Kady was determined not to be a water carrier or a laundress. Being the color bearer is a very dangerous job, because you cannot handle a gun and the huge heavy flag at the same time. In the middle of July 1861, the company marched into Virginia, to a place near Manassas, where the first battle of the Civil War took place. Kady ran on into the woods, where she found some of her comrades.

Causes of the Civil War The issues that caused the Civil War had been brewing since the United States was formed. The most important causes Southerners listed for the war were unfair taxation, states' rights, and the slavery issue. Here are some primary sources that show how heated these issues had become by the late 1850s. Unfair Taxation The history and economy of the North were very different from those of the South. Factories developed in the North, while large cotton plantations developed in the South. Laws unfavorable to the South were passed. Southerners felt that the Federal government was passing laws, such as import taxes, that treated them unfairly. "The Union must be preserved" -- Henry Clay, 1850 Kentucky Resolutions -- 1798 Lincoln's inaugural address "South has the right to secede" -- Jefferson Davis' inaugural address, February 1861 "The South has the right to secede from the Union" -- Alabama letter to Kentucky Governor Slavery Slaves are an important part of Kentucky agriculture.

Women of the American Civil War Era Kindle Title Carolina RainOpen the page of Carolina Rain and step on the streets of an era gone by. Carolina Rain is not just a read, but an experience. You will smell the magnolia trees, feel the sun on your face and taste the bittersweet tears of a beautiful young girl coming of age at the dawning of the Civil War. Petticoat Spies: Six Women Spies of the Civil War Describes the lives and wartime exploits of six women spies includes Sarah Emma Edmonds, Belle Boyd, Pauline Cushman, Rose O'Neal Greenhow, Elizabeth Van Lew, and Belle Edmondson. I'll Pass For Your Comrade: Women Soldiers in the Civil War Many people know about Clara Barton, the nurse who did so much to save soldiers' lives. The Woman in Battle: The Civil War Narrative of Loreta Janeta Velazquez, Cuban Woman and Confederate Soldier A Cuban woman fought in the Civil War for the Confederacy as the cross-dressing Harry T. Kindle Available The Robert E. Petersburg, Va. More Civil War "Colored" Pictures

Cass Gilbert Cass Gilbert moved to New York in 1899 after a successful career in St. Paul, Minnesota, that included the design of the Minnesota State Capital. His earliest building in New York was the Broadway-Chambers Building (1899–1900), a skyscraper with significant polychromatic terra-cotta, which still stands on the corner of Broadway and Chambers Street. Gilbert designed several other major skyscrapers, including two major buildings clad in Gothic-inspired terra-cotta, the West Street Building (1905–07; seriously damaged by the collapse of the World Trade Center towers) and the Woolworth Building (1910–13). For many years, the Woolworth was the world's tallest building and remains one of the most prominent features on the city's skyline. (b. Cass Gilbert was born in Zanesville, Ohio in 1859. Works designed by the firm during the early 1930s were competent Classical buildings which lack the originality of such contemporary Modernists as Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

Today's Document from the National Archives Considered by many historians as a turning point in the Civil War, the Battle of Gettsburg, fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, was a major defeat for the Confederacy and for General Robert E. Lee in his second invasion of the North. Shown here is one of General Lee’s maps of Gettysburg, showing positions of troops on July 2. More Civil War Maps, Charts, and Drawings in ARC...Share, comment and suggest new documents at the Today's Document Tumblr Blog Cass Gilbert Buildings The Endicott Building143 East Fourth, Saint Paul The Endicott family of Boston owned a chain of drygoods stores. They needed to build a new store in Saint Paul, and they wanted a signature building to be built at a high profile location. It is amazing that young Cass Gilbert received this commission despite no previous experience building this kind of building. The Endicott Building sits on an L-shaped lot. By all accounts, Cass Gilbert hit a home run with the Endicott Building.

Inventing the Skyline - The Architecture of Cass Gilbert Published by Columbia University Press, Inventing the Skyline: The Architecture of Cass Gilbert is a hefty, picture-packed hardback edited by Margaret Heilbrun, library director for the New-York Historical Society. Who Was Cass Gilbert? Cass Gilbert was a craftsman and a visionary who combined historic forms with modern technologies. Gilbert's fanciful Gothic skyscraper, the Woolworth Building, was briefly the tallest structure in the world. In the 1950s, ornamental designs based on historic models fell out of fashion. Beyond Biography Inventing the Skyline is not an intimate biography. How Cass Gilbert Designed Essays by four scholars analyze Gilbert's major projects, his sketches and watercolors and his contributions as a city planner. The Spirit of Cass Gilbert Cass Gilbert's success as a designer was due largely to his skill as a businessman and his ability to negotiate and compromise.