background preloader

Sexism, Strength and Dominance: Masculinity in Disney Films

Sexism, Strength and Dominance: Masculinity in Disney Films

What media teach kids about gender can have lasting effects, report says Story highlights Gender stereotypes are incredibly effective at teaching boys and girls what the culture expects Luckily, parents can assert control over the messages that Hollywood dishes out Gender stereotypes are messing with your kid. It’s not just one movie. If you thought this stuff went out with Leave It to Beaver, the new Common Sense Media report, Watching Gender: How Stereotypes in Movies and on TV Impact Kids’ Development, will put you right back in June Cleaver’s kitchen. According to the report, which analyzed more than 150 articles, interviews, books, and other social-scientific research, gender stereotypes in movies and on TV shows are more than persistent; they’re incredibly effective at teaching kids what the culture expects of boys and girls. What makes these messages stick – and harder for parents to counteract – is that they’re timed for the precise moment in kids’ development when they’re most receptive to their influence. Media to support your kid’s gender identity

Mom, Dad Parenting Gender Stereotypes Raising Children According to the Williams Institute, which conducts research on sexual orientation and gender identity law and public policy at UCLA, an estimated 111,000 same-gender couples are raising biological, step, or adoptive children in the United States. Individuals in same-gender relationships are often assigned the roles of “mom” and “dad” by society based on who is perceived as the more feminine and more masculine partner, according to a sex and gender study about the division of household labor. As well, lesbian couples are often stereotyped as having a “man” in the relationship.

Disney Princesses, Capitalism and Feminism ENTERTAINMENT - Disney princesses don't slay dragons, play sports or go to university. Higher academics, athletics don't seem to be on their list of things to do. Snow White, Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, Aurora, Ariel, Belle, Jasmine, Pocahontas, Mulan and newly added Tiana and Rapunzel... they have all perfected the art of being the damsel in distress. Girl power? As a franchise Disney has done very well at selling clothes, toys, dolls to your kids. You may laugh when your daughter says she wants to be a princess when she grows up, but what is she really aspiring to? There's also the health issue... all the Disney Princesses are anorexic. Fairy tales have been around for centuries, little girls have always liked pretty dresses, and its no surprise little girls like them. Why not buy something that is good for your daughter's health and education? This Christmas, I encourage parents to go out and buy their kids some sports equipment.

Disney's stereotypes on women Le sexisme du Roi Lion La féminité dans Le Roi Lion L’une des premières choses qui nous frappe en regardant Le Roi Lion, c’est le sexisme banal et structurant de l’histoire. Dès les premières scènes, Le Roi Lion nous fait connaître un monde structuré hiérarchiquement, avec au sommet de la pyramide le monarque absolu, qui règne en bon patriarche sur, non seulement son peuple docile et servile (les autres animaux), mais également ses lionnes, qui jamais ne remettront en question le bien fondé de la place des hommes, ni de la place des femmes. La relation entre Simba et Nala nous apparaît comme étant une relation d’amitié étant jeune, qui plus tard évoluera selon le schéma classique de Disney vers un amour hétérosexuel. Et de un… Et de deux… Et de trois… cela suffira-t-il à renverser le patriarcat? Cette supériorité ouvrirait-elle des possibilités subversives? Hélas, Disney ne s’intéresse pas à ces valeurs-là, n’est pas pour la transgression des normes de genre ni même l’égalité des sexes. Et Nala dans tout ça?

Children, Television and Gender Roles A critical review of the available evidence concerning what influence television may have on the development of children's understanding of gender roles and of their own gender identity The society in which we live plays an enormous role in shaping the attitudes and behaviour of all those who are a part of it. Humans, as social beings, are constantly being bombarded with information from the environment which can influence the way we perceive the world and also shape our attitudes and beliefs, gradually moulding each and everyone of us into an 'accepted' member of society. In the past these influences which dictate how we should behave in a 'normal' society have emanated from sources such as the community, family and school. However, in today's world, the influences these institutions have seem to be declining as our changing society adapts to a more technological age. This is, however, what the social learning school of thought believe. Bibliography April 1997

How media affects our views Mulan (1998) : féminisme et patriarcat chez Disney Sorti 3 ans après Pocahontas, Mulan est également (comme signalé ailleurs sur ce site dans l’article consacré à Pocahontas) une tentative de lutter contre les accusations de racisme, de sexisme et d’ethnocentrisme. Mulan est-elle une tentative plus réussie que Pocahontas ? Sortir de l’ethnocentrisme selon Disney Après avoir été souvent accusés d’ethnocentrisme, les studios Disney ont créé plusieurs héros « exotiques », c’est-à-dire n’étant pas d’origine européenne (Aladdin, Pocahontas…). La Chine, conforme à l’imaginaire collectif occidental Mulan s’inspire de la légende de Hua Mulan[1] dont les origines et le contexte historique sont incertains. Le film de Disney s’écarte de la légende pour des raisons pratiques (la guerre est beaucoup plus courte dans le film) et dramaturgiques (Mulan part sans prévenir ses parents, sans avoir été jamais entraînée au combat et est découverte lors d’une blessure). La Chine vue par Disney… L’ennemi, ce barbare Le méchant est non seulement bridé et basané…

Disney's stereotypes on men Nouveaux pères (IV), des « Indestructibles » à « Shrek 4 » : peurs masculines Comme l’a vu dans les trois premiers articles sur les « nouveaux pères », les films d’animation sur ce sujet sont souvent hantés par des peurs masculines qui semblent avoir une même origine : la peur qu’ont les hommes de se féminiser et de perdre ainsi leurs précieux privilèges masculins. Dans certains films, les enfants menaçaient ainsi de contaminer de leur présence la vie professionnelle des pères, lieu d’homosocialité masculine à l’abri des contraintes parentales et domestiques (Monstres et Cie, Moi, moche et méchant). Le fait même de se livrer à cette activité traditionnellement féminine qu’est l’élevage des enfants s’accompagnait ainsi souvent de la peur de perdre sa virilité (Le Monde de Nemo, L’âge de glace). Et le simple fait d’être doux et affectueux avec ses enfants apparaissait comme lourd d’enjeux (Monstres et Cie, Chicken Little, Kung Fu Panda, Moi, moche et méchant). Les deux films que l’on va étudier ici me semblent être les plus saturés de peurs masculines.

(How Sex Puts You in Gendered Shoes Sexuality Priming Leads to Gender Based Self Perception and Behavior) Television: Journal Article Susan D. Witt, Ph.D. The University of Akron School of Family and Consumer Sciences Abstract As children move through childhood and adolescence, television is an important influence on their gender role socialization. Introduction Children internalize gender role stereotypes from books, songs, television, and the movies (Thorne, 1993). Development of Children As children grow and develop, they are taking in information and acquiring knowledge at a rapid pace. What Children are Watching Regarding gender role development on television, the National Institute of Mental Health has determined: Gender Bias in Television Gender stereotypes occur with frequency on daytime soap operas; women are often shown as hopeless individuals, unable to solve problems without assistance (Basow, 1992). Summary Research indicates that television has a socializing influence on children regarding their attitudes toward gender roles. References Ahammer, I. Anderson, D. Atkin, D. Aulette, J. Bandura, A. (1986).

With Tangled, Disney Gets Closer to Embracing Feminism Over the holidays, I finally got a chance to see the animated movie Tangled. I not only laughed at the jokes and enjoyed the fairy tale romp, but I left the theatre with the distinct impression that Disney has taken a few more baby steps on the path to feminism. Just to be clear, I'm suggesting that Disney is getting closer to embracing feminism. They still have quite a long way to go, but it seems that the Disney corporation is warming up to the idea of letting girls have their own adventures. Indulge me, if you will, in a bit of Disney nostaglia. After a few animated films featuring animals, the next Disney princesses were Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty. Don't even get me started on the evil stepmothers and witches who played prominent roles in these tales, residing on the other end of the spectrum from the innocent young maidens they sought to destroy. After having either enchanted or enraged two generations of women, Disney decided to see what they could do with the next generation.