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Open Access Overview (definition, introduction)

Open Access Overview (definition, introduction)
Peter Suber First put online June 21, 2004. Last revised December 5, 2015. Suggested short URL for this page = Peter Suber Director, Harvard Office for Scholarly CommunicationDirector, Harvard Open Access ProjectFaculty Fellow, Berkman Center for Internet & Society Senior Researcher, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources CoalitionResearch Professor of Philosophy, Earlham Collegepeter.suber@gmail.com This overview is also available in Chinese (October 2011), Czech (December 2013), French (September 2012), German (September 2011), Greek (February 2012), Japanese (January 2013), Polish (July 2015), Romanian (September 2012), Russian (January 2012), Slovenian (July 2005), Spanish (March 2012), and Swahili (December 2015).

Secrecy News The number of chronically homeless persons in the U.S. dropped from more than 120,000 in 2008 to around 84,000 in 2014, a new report from the Congressional Research Service notes. The federal government has undertaken to end chronic homelessness by 2017. “One of the reasons that federal programs have devoted resources to ending chronic homelessness […] Read More The national census in 2020 will be the first to rely primarily on the Internet for collecting census data, thereby creating new avenues for fraud and disruption. A new report from the JASON scientific advisory panel describes the problem and outlines some solutions. Read More Employees of the U.S. intelligence community are expected to be bold, innovative and imbued with moral courage. Read More Read More A newly updated Department of Defense publication affirms the importance of public outreach, not simply as a gesture towards democratic governance, but also as an instrument of operational utility. Read More Read More Read More

The National Security Archive Foreign Policy in Focus | CIA Accountability Hits New Lows - Fir In a virtually unnoticed exchange on February 3, Congressman Peter Hoekstra (R-MI) called the CIA to task for its incredibly ham-fisted handling of an April 20, 2001 incident in Peru. In collaboration with a CIA aircrew working as part of a joint program to interdict drug trafficking, the Peruvian air force shot down a plane carrying an American missionary family, killing two. In an angry tone, the Republican congressman denounced the CIA’s response, released the actual film of the incident, and triggered an official statement from the agency — conveniently left off the CIA website to attract as little attention as possible. This episode is important as part of the continuing effort to bring accountability to CIA operations. Shooting Down Civilians The key facts became known within 10 days of the tragedy. The Cover-Up The CIA responded to these investigations by burying it all as deeply as possible. Only after Hoekstra made an issue of the Helgerson report did CIA director Michael V.

Les vols secrets de la CIA confirmés Washington — Un litige autour d'une compagnie privée de transport aérien a mis à jour des preuves de vols clandestins menés par la CIA pour transporter des suspects arrêtés dans le cadre de la «guerre contre le terrorisme» lancée après le 11-Septembre, rapportaient hier des journaux. Selon le Washington Post, des dizaines de ces vols, à destination notamment de Bucarest, Bakou, Le Caire, Djibouti, Islamabad ou encore Tripoli, ont été organisés par la petite société Sportsflight, basée à Long Island, qui louait un avion à Richmor Aviation, qui la poursuit aujourd'hui pour rupture de contrat. Des plans de vols et des listes d'appels, notamment à des responsables de la CIA ou au siège de l'agence de renseignements, ont été déposés comme pièces à conviction à l'occasion du procès à New York, selon le journal, averti du litige par une ONG britannique, Reprieve, spécialisée dans les droits des prisonniers, notamment ceux détenus par les États-Unis à Guantánamo, sur l'île de Cuba.

Clinton PDDs and PRDs I somehow missed the fact that the Clinton Library has posted online six declassified Presidential Decision Directives (PDD) and two Presidential Review Directives, most of which involve nuclear weapons, ballistic missile defense and space policy. PDD-17: U.S. Policy on Ballistic Missile Defenses and the Future of the ABM Treaty PDD-23: US Policy on Foreign Access to Remote Sensing Space Capabilities PDD-25: U.S. PDD-30: U.S. PDD-39: U.S . PDD-47: Nuclear Scientific and Technical Cooperation with Russia Related to Stockpile Safety and Security and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) Monitoring and Verification PRD-13: Multilateral Peacekeeping Operations PRD-31: U.S. Two of the PDDs were were unknown (17, 47) , while others were not previously available in full-text (23, 25. and 30) There are interesting posts to be written about many of these documents, but allow me to just do some housekeeping on the missile defense docs.

Cryptome Declassified/Released Document Collections Keystone Pipeline Project Ronald Reagan’s June 12, 1987 Speech at the Brandenburg Gate Korean Air Flight 858 February 15, 2006 draft memorandum by Counselor of the Department Philip Zelikow Re: The McCain Amendment and U.S. Obligations under Article 16 of the Convention Against Torture Frequently Requested Contracts Rwandan Declassification Collection Colombian Declassification Collection Venezuelan Declassification Collection The Segovia (Antioquia) Massacre, 1988 Death of Danilo Anderson 2006 Mexican Presidential Election Department of State FOIA Logs (2005-2010) Alleged CIA, “Ghost,” or “Secret” Detainees Collection Argentina Declassification Collection - Includes newly released information Niger/Iraq Uranium Story and Joe Wilson 1973-1976 Telegrams Transferred to NARA State Department Collections Argentina Declassification Press Releases/Statements • 08/20/2002 State Department Press Release Chile Declassification Press Releases/Statements Other Agency Chile Declassification Documents

intelNews.org Repost: How to Decipher a State Department Cable (FOIA Tip #2) This guide –originally written by Kristin Adair– might come in handy as you peruse the 251,287 Department of State cables recently released by wikileaks. [As of today only 243 cables are available on the wikileaks site] At the Archive, we have lots of practice reading declassified government documents. The State Department has an active declassification program, and we often get lots of documents in response to our FOIA requests to State. FOIA tip: You can file a FOIA request for State Department cable(s) from a particular day or time period surrounding an event that you are researching, to see what government officials knew when and how key decisions were made. When you get those cables, here’s some advice on how to make sense of them. For more great FOIA tips and tricks, check out Effective FOIA Requesting for Everyone: A National Security Archive Guide. Like this: Like Loading...

SAUDI ROYAL WEALTH: WHERE DO THEY GET ALL THAT MONEY? Viewing cable 96RIYADH4784, SAUDI ROYAL WEALTH: WHERE DO THEY GET ALL THAT MONEY? Understanding cables Every cable message consists of three parts: The top box shows each cables unique reference number, when and by whom it originally was sent, and what its initial classification was. The middle box contains the header information that is associated with the cable. It includes information about the receiver(s) as well as a general subject. The bottom box presents the body of the cable. To understand the justification used for the classification of each cable, please use this WikiSource article as reference. Discussing cables If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number.

Peter Suber defines Open Access (from 2004 and revised 2013) in a textbook manner peppered with links of OA journals and organizations. by katrinahsmith Mar 4

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