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Światowe Dziedzictwo UNESCO Polska

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Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland. Wooden Churches of Southern Małopolska The wooden churches of southern Little Poland represent outstanding examples of the different aspects of medieval church-building traditions in Roman Catholic culture.

Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland

Built using the horizontal log technique, common in eastern and northern Europe since the Middle Ages, these churches were sponsored by noble families and became status symbols. They offered an alternative to the stone structures erected in urban centres. Églises en bois du sud de Małopolska Les églises en bois du sud de la Petite Pologne représentent des exemples exceptionnels des différents aspects des traditions de construction des églises médiévales dans la culture catholique romaine. الكنائس الخشبية في جنوب بولندا الصغيرة تشكل الكنائس الخشبية في جنوب بولندا الصغيرة الامثلة البارزة للمظاهر المختلفة لتقاليد بناء الكنائس القروسطية في الثقافة الكاثوليكية الرومانية. Source: UNESCO/ERI 南部小波兰木制教堂 南部小波兰木质教堂反映了中世纪教堂建筑的不同侧面,是罗马天主教传统文化的典型代表。 Деревянные церкви на юге Малой Польши 南部小ポーランドの木造教会群. Wieliczka Salt Mine. Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines.

Wieliczka Salt Mine

Old City of Zamość. Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski. Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski A landscaped park of 559.9 ha astride the Neisse River and the border between Poland and Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von Puckler-Muskau from 1815 to 1844.

Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski

Ący Zamek. Zamek. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is a breathtaking cultural landscape of great spiritual significance.

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park

Its natural setting – in which a series of symbolic places of worship relating to the Passion of Jesus Christ and the life of the Virgin Mary was laid out at the beginning of the 17th century – has remained virtually unchanged. It is still today a place of pilgrimage. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska : ensemble architectural maniériste et paysager et parc de pèlerinage Kalwaria Zebrzydowska est un paysage culturel d'une grande beauté et d'une grande importance spirituelle. كالفاريا زيبرزيدوفسكا : مجموعة هندسية متكلّفة ومقلّدة للطبيعة ومنتزه للحجّ يُعتبر كالفاريا زيبرزيدوفسكا منظراً طبيعيًّا ثقافيًّا في غاية الجمال ويتمتّع بأهميّة روحيّة كبيرة جدًا. Source: UNESCO/ERI 卡瓦利泽布日多夫斯津:自成一家的建筑景观朝圣园 卡瓦利泽布日多夫斯津是一处将美丽风景和宗教内涵融于一身的文化景观。 Кальвария-Зебжидовска: монастырский архитектурно-парковый комплекс в стиле маньеризма.

Historic Centre of Warsaw. Historic Centre of Warsaw During the Warsaw Uprising in August 1944, more than 85% of Warsaw's historic centre was destroyed by Nazi troops.

Historic Centre of Warsaw

After the war, a five-year reconstruction campaign by its citizens resulted in today's meticulous restoration of the Old Town, with its churches, palaces and market-place. It is an outstanding example of a near-total reconstruction of a span of history covering the 13th to the 20th century. Centre historique de Varsovie En août 1944, pendant le soulèvement de Varsovie, plus de 85 % du centre historique de la ville ont été détruits par les troupes nazies. وسط وارسو التاريخي في آب أغسطس من العام 1944، وفي أثناء الانتفاضة في وارسو، دمّرت الفرق النازية أكثر من 85% من الوسط التاريخي للمدينة. Source: UNESCO/ERI 华沙历史中心. Cracow's Historic Centre. Historic Centre of Kraków The historic centre of Cracow, the former capital of Poland, is situated at the foot of the Royal Wawel Castle.

Cracow's Historic Centre

The 13th-century merchants' town has Europe's largest market square and numerous historical houses, palaces and churches with their magnificent interiors. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Ś widnica, the largest timber-framed religious buildings in Europe, were built in the former Silesia in the mid-17th century, amid the religious strife that followed the Peace of Westphalia.

Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica

Constrained by the physical and political conditions, the Churches of Peace bear testimony to the quest for religious freedom and are a rare expression of Lutheran ideology in an idiom generally associated with the Catholic Church. Églises de la Paix à Jawor et Świdnica Les églises de la Paix à Jawor et à Ś widnica, les plus grands bâtiments religieux à charpente de bois d'Europe, ont été construites dans l'ancienne Silésie, au milieu du XVIIe siècle, à l'époque du conflit religieux qui suivit la paix de Westphalie.

كنائس السلام في جافور وسودنيكا بُنيت كنائس السلام في جافور وسويدنيكا، وهي أكبر المباني الدينية الخشبية الأوروبية، في سيليزيا القديمة في أوساط القرن السابع عشر في حقبة الصراع الديني الذي عقب السلام في ويستفاليا.

Świdnica

Centennial Hall in Wrocław. Centennial Hall in Wrocław The Centennial Hall, a landmark in the history of reinforced concrete architecture, was erected in 1911-1913 by the architect Max Berg as a multi-purpose recreational building, situated in the Exhibition Grounds.

Centennial Hall in Wrocław

In form it is a symmetrical quatrefoil with a vast circular central space that can seat some 6,000 persons. The 23m-high dome is topped with a lantern in steel and glass. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork. Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork This 13th-century fortified monastery belonging to the Teutonic Order was substantially enlarged and embellished after 1309, when the seat of the Grand Master moved here from Venice.

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

A particularly fine example of a medieval brick castle, it later fell into decay, but was meticulously restored in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Many of the conservation techniques now accepted as standard were evolved here. Following severe damage in the Second World War it was once again restored, using the detailed documentation prepared by earlier conservators. Château de l’ordre Teutonique de Malbork Ce monastère fortifié de l'ordre Teutonique datant du XIIIe siècle a été largement agrandi et embelli après 1309, quand le siège du grand maître de l'ordre a été transféré de Venise à Malbork. قصر مالبورك المبني وفقًا للنمط التوتوني source: UNESCO/ERI 马尔堡的条顿骑士团城堡. Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest.

Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest Situated on the watershed of the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea, this immense forest range, consisting of evergreens and broad-leaved trees, is home to some remarkable animal life, including rare mammals such as the wolf, the lynx and the otter, as well as some 300 European Bison, a species which has been reintroduced into the park.

Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest

Fôret Belovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Situé sur la ligne de partage des eaux entre la mer Baltique et la mer Noire, ce vaste massif de forêt ancienne, comprenant à la fois des conifères et des feuillus, abrite une faune remarquable et, en particulier, des mammifères rares tels que le loup, le lynx et la loutre, ainsi que quelque trois cents bisons d’Europe, espèce réintroduite dans le site.

غابة بيلوفيزهاسكايا بوشا/بيالوويزا. Auschwitz Birkenau <br /><small>German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)</small> Auschwitz Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945) The fortified walls, barbed wire, platforms, barracks, gallows, gas chambers and cremation ovens show the conditions within which the Nazi genocide took place in the former concentration and extermination camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest in the Third Reich.

According to historical investigations, 1.5 million people, among them a great number of Jews, were systematically starved, tortured and murdered in this camp, the symbol of humanity's cruelty to its fellow human beings in the 20th century. Medieval Town of Toruń.