Copyright Fair Use and How it Works for Online Images : Social Media Examiner. You’ve heard the adage that a picture is worth a thousand words, but when that picture is protected by copyright, the picture is only worth three words: cease and desist.
OK, that’s kind of a lawyer joke. But it illustrates how protective people are about finding their images used online without permission. Copyright laws were established not to give the author the right to deny their work to other people, but instead to encourage its creation. Article I, Section 8, clause 8, of the United States Constitution states the purpose of copyright laws is “to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.” It’s a delicate balance between the rights of the creator and the public’s interest.
This article will cover exactly what copyright is and what it covers. And then we’ll look at the concept of fair use as it pertains to using images online. Teaching Copyright. Copyright Issues Relating to the Use of Movies in the Classroom. Classrooms in Public Schools and Nonprofit Educational Institutions: Rented or Purchased Movies May Be Played By Teachers Without a License Section 110(1) of Title 17 of the United States Code grants a specific exemption from the copyright laws for: performance or display of a work by instructors or pupils in the course of face-to-face teaching activities of a nonprofit educational institution, in a classroom or similar place devoted to instruction, unless, in the case of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, the performance, or the display of individual images, is given by means of a copy that was not lawfully made under this title, and that the person responsible for the performance knew or had reason to believe was not lawfully made ....
This means that no license from the copyright holder is required when a teacher at a public school or non-profit educational institution uses a lawfully purchased or rented copy of a movie in classroom instruction. In Title 17 of the U.S. Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Media Literacy Education - Center for Media and Social Impact. Coordinated by: The Media Education Lab, Temple University The Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property, American University Washington College of Law The Center for Media & Social Impact, American University With funding from: The John D. and Catherine T.
And additional support from: The Ford Foundation, by way of the Future of Public Media Project Introduction What This Is This document is a code of best practices that helps educators using media literacy concepts and techniques to interpret the copyright doctrine of fair use. This guide identifies five principles that represent the media literacy education community’s current consensus about acceptable practices for the fair use of copyrighted materials, wherever and however it occurs: in K–12 education, in higher education, in nonprofit organizations that offer programs for children and youth, and in adult education. What This Isn't This code of best practices does not tell you the limits of fair use rights. Copyright%20Laws. Five-Minute Film Festival: Copyright and Fair Use for Educators.
I absolutely love it when teachers and students create, remix, and mash up media; it's a fantastic way to encourage deeper learning and media literacy.
But one issue that complicates digital freedom of expression is copyright law. While many would argue that copyright law is outdated and badly in need of an overhaul, it's still critical that adults and kids alike have a basic understanding of what's legal and ethical while playing with other people's intellectual property. Here's a list of videos I collected to help you navigate the murky waters of copyright law in educational settings. Video Playlist: Understanding Copyright and Fair Use Watch the player below to see the whole playlist, or view it on YouTube. Copyright for Educators. University of Minnesota Libraries · University of Minnesota Libraries. If copyright gave creators the ability to completely control all uses of their works, creativity and culture would soon grind to a halt.
No work is created in a vacuum; all new works build on, are influenced by, and make reference to works that have gone before. Moreover, since copyright has some fundamental public interest purposes, it's important that the public be able to do some kinds of things with all works. Copyright law places a high value on educational uses. The Classroom Use Exemption (17 U.S.C. §110(1)) only applies in very limited situations, but where it does apply, it gives some pretty clear rights. Obama in class CC by-nc Gilkata In-class viewing is a public performance, but it's permitted under the Classroom Use Exemption To qualify for this exemption, you must: be in a classroom ("or similar place devoted to instruction").
If (and only if!) The Classroom Use Exemption does not apply outside the nonprofit, in-person, classroom teaching environment! An Introduction to Copyright Law. By Paul C.
Rapp, Esq. Every artist ought to have at least an elementary understanding of copyright law. The Educator's Guide to Copyright and Fair Use.