BBC Schools - Home front 19 March 2014Last updated at 12:03 Women took on many roles during World War One including working in offices, factories and on the land Before World War One began, men were thought of as the 'breadwinners', bringing in the weekly wage. The jobs they did were often tiring and required a lot of strength. Life In The Trenches There was nothing glamorous about trench life. World War 1 trenches were dirty, smelly and riddled with disease. For soldiers life in the trenches meant living in fear. In fear of diseases (like cholera and trench foot) and of course, the constant fear of enemy attack. Trench warfare WW1 style is something all participating countries vowed never to repeat and the facts make it easy to see why.
World War One: The many battles faced by WW1's nurses Nursing in World War One was exhausting, often dangerous work and the women who volunteered experienced the horror of war firsthand, some paying the ultimate price. But their story is surrounded by myth and their full contribution often goes unrecognised, writes Shirley Williams. In his much-admired book published in 1975, The Great War and Modern Memory, the American literary critic and historian, Paul Fussell, wrote about the pervasive myths and legends of WW1, so powerful they became indistinguishable from fact in many minds. Surprisingly, Fussell hardly mentioned nurses. The 9 million unsung heroes of WW1: Dogs, horses and carrier pigeons made victory possible Trapped behind enemy lines during the First World War, the few surviving soldiers of the 77th Infantry Division came under fire from both sides. As German bullets strafed through the Argonne Forest in north-east France and picked them off one by one, they came under heavy shellfire from their own lines too. With less than 200 men from a 500-strong unit still alive, three messengers were sent on a perilous last-ditch mission to let HQ known their position. It was their only hope. Two were killed at once. The third was hit too.
The Anzac landing at Gallipoli The Anzac landing: overview Why did theAnzacs land? 25 April 1915: Anzac Cove, Gallipoli Oldham Historical Research Group - World War 1, 1914-1918 Before the First World War all women had been denied the right to vote in General Elections and many women (depending on their marital status and situation) were also denied the right to vote in local elections. They were barred from employment in many professions and industries and, where they did gain employment, pay and conditions were not equal with those of their male counterparts. Women in the workplace were frequently seen as a threat to the established order and relegated to the status of 2nd class citizens.
World War I for Kids: Trench Warfare History >> World War I Trench warfare is a type of fighting where both sides build deep trenches as a defense against the enemy. These trenches can stretch for many miles and make it nearly impossible for one side to advance. During World War I, the western front in France was fought using trench warfare. By the end of 1914, both sides had built a series of trenches that went from the North Sea and through Belgium and France. List of hospital ships sunk in World War I During the First World War, many hospital ships were attacked, both on purpose or by mistaken identity. They were sunk by either torpedo, mine or surface attack. They were easy as well as tragic targets, since they carried hundreds of wounded soldiers from the front lines. Background The ship should give medical assistance to wounded personnel of all nationalitiesThe ship must not be used for any military purposeShips must not interfere or hamper enemy combatant vesselsBelligerents as designated by the Hague Convention can search any hospital ship to investigate violations of the above restrictions
Animals and war Millions of animals were relied upon by all sides in World War One. Curator Dr Matthew Shaw discusses the role of animals in transport, logistics, cavalry and communications, and considers their psychological function for troops and as propaganda. Introduction The Gallipoli campaign - The Gallipoli campaign Each year on Anzac Day, New Zealanders (and Australians) mark the anniversary of the Gallipoli landings of 25 April 1915. On that day, thousands of young men, far from their homes, stormed the beaches on the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now Turkey. For eight long months, New Zealand troops, alongside those from Australia, Great Britain and Ireland, France, India, and Newfoundland battled harsh conditions and Ottoman forces desperately fighting to protect their homeland. By the time the campaign ended, more than 130,000 men had died: at least 87,000 Ottoman soldiers and 44,000 Allied soldiers, including more than 8700 Australians. Among the dead were 2779 New Zealanders, about a fifth of all those who had landed on the peninsula.
Anzac Day - Anzac Day Anzac Day occurs on 25 April. It commemorates all New Zealanders killed in war and also honours returned servicemen and women. The date itself marks the anniversary of the landing of New Zealand and Australian soldiers – the Anzacs – on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. The aim was to capture the Dardanelles, the gateway to the Bosphorus and the Black Sea. At the end of the campaign, Gallipoli was still held by its Turkish defenders. World One War: Infamous Trench Foot During the course of the First World War, soldiers of all nations suffered a debilitating and lethal condition. The condition was that severe and horrific, that to this day, its name evokes images of slaughter and mud. The term Trench Foot was and is a medical condition which is caused by prolonged exposure of the feet to damp, cold and insanitary conditions. Its name, condition and effects, is grouped under the term Immersion Foot Syndrome. Immersion Foot Syndrome covers a number of conditions which include Trench Foot, Tropical Immersion Foot (Paddy Foot) and Audit Foot. The infection received its name due to the horrific and insanitary conditions soldiers lived, fought and died in in the trenches.
Stretcher Bearers Advancing troops were not allowed to stop and care for wounded soldiers. All men carried an emergency field-dressing and if possible attempted to treat their own wounds. The wounded soldier then had to wait until the stretcher-bearers arrived. There were only four stretcher-bearers per company and so it was often sometime before they received medical help. Some dragged themselves into a shell-hole for protection, but this was dangerous as many sank into the mud and drowned.