The earliest cult images of Dionysus show a mature male, bearded and robed. He holds a fennel staff, tipped with a pine-cone and known as a thyrsus. Later images show him as a beardless, sensuous, naked or half-naked androgynous youth: the literature describes him as womanly or "man-womanish". In its fully developed form, his central cult imagery shows his triumphant, disorderly arrival or return, as if from some place beyond the borders of the known and civilized. His procession (thiasus) is made up of wild female followers (maenads) and bearded satyrs with erect penises. Some are armed with the thyrsus, some dance or play music. He was also known as Bacchus (/ˈbækəs/ or /ˈbɑːkəs/; Greek: Βάκχος, Bakkhos), the name adopted by the Romans and the frenzy he induces, bakkheia. Names Etymology The dio- element has been associated since antiquity with Zeus (genitive Dios). Epithets Dionysus was variably known with the following epithets: Acroreites at Sicyon. Mythology
ThraceThe physical-geographical boundaries of Thrace: the Balkan Mountains, the Rhodope Mountains and the Bosporus. The Rhodope mountain range is highlighted. The Roman province of Thrace The Byzantine thema of Thrace Thrace and the Thracian Odrysian Kingdom under Sitalces c. 431-324 BC. Thrace /ˈθreɪs/ (demonym Thracian /ˈθreɪʃ(i)ən/; Ancient Greek: Θρᾴκη, Thrāikē; modern Greek: Θράκη, Thráki; Bulgarian: Тракия, Trakiya; Turkish: Trakya) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe, centered on the modern borders of Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey. Etymology Geography Borders Cities of Thrace The largest cities of Thrace are: Byzantium (İstanbul), Plovdiv, Burgas, Stara Zagora, Haskovo, Komotini, Alexandroupoli, Edirne, Çorlu and Tekirdağ. Demographics and religion Most of the Bulgarian and Greek population are Christians, while most of the Turkish inhabitants of Thrace are Muslims. Thrace in ancient Greek mythology History Ancient history
The Film Sufi: "About Elly" - Asghar Farhadi (2009)When middle-class Iranians in Tehran have a holiday, they often like to escape their dry urban confines and trek up north to the Caspian seaside, where everything is cooler and greener. It’s also an opportunity for people to be a little more casual and relaxed in the open air. About Elly (Darbareye Elly, 2009) is a deceptively clever film about one such holiday visit, where events don’t go exactly as planned. Over the course of the three-day weekend by the sea, the viewer is exposed to the fascinatingly complex social dynamics of people under stress. In particular, this film has things to say about some of the nuances of Iranian culture under these circumstances (but, of course, much of what happens relates generally to how all of us interact with others). The film was written and directed by Asghar Farhadi, whose subsequent production was the more famous and highly praised A Separation (2011), which won the US Oscar for Best Foreign Film. Now the finger-pointing begins. Notes:
FerulaFerula (from Latin ferula, "rod") is a genus of about 170 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia, mostly growing in arid climates. They are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 1–4 m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems. The leaves are tripinnate or even more finely divided, with a stout basal sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are yellow, produced in large umbels. Many plants of this genus, especially F. communis are referred to as "giant fennel," although they are not fennel in the strict sense. Ferula foetida Selected species Uses The gummy resin of many species of Ferula is used for medical or culinary purposes: Ferula assafoetida is used to make the spice asafoetida, or hing Ferula gummosa makes galbanum Ferula hermonis makes zallouh, an aphrodisiac Ferula persica makes sagapenum Ferula moschata makes sumbul Ferula tingitana makes "African ammoniacum" Silphium was used to make laserpicium
(2) Chinese Room Menu, Menu for Chinese Room, Kothrud PuneChinese Room Oriental ( CRO) Was my favourite restaurant when I was in school ....! Anytime, anyone , used to ask me where I wanted to go, pat came the reply.....CRO ! I was passing by the other day....and realized that it had been a very long time since I visited this place.... Hoping to have the same delightful experience....I walked in. Looks like nothing has changed in terms of decor, in all these years.....the same Oriental theme obvious in the artifacts and overall interior. Chicken Wonton soup- The same taste that I remember.....a teeny tiny piece of chicken inside huge wantons, in a clear broth....with lots of fresh spring onion. Paper wrapped Chicken (steamed) - Now this one is really good...! Veg Fried Rice - Decent... Shredded Lamb with diced Capsicum - This one had lamb, onion, capsicum in a medium spicy, brown sauce... Stewed Chicken with Green Onion - I like bland food in general.... so I liked this one. Desert- This was the moment I was waiting for...
Staff of Dionysus ( thyrsus)polls - What is the best comment in source code you have ever encounteredPapal ferulaThe Papal ferula (from Latin ferula, "rod") is the pastoral staff or crosier used by the Pope. It is a rod with a knob on top surmounted by a cross. This is in contrast to other bishops, who use a crosier which is shaped like a shepherd's crook: bent or crooked at the top and pointed at the lower end. History Early usage and dispute Traditionally, the popes did not use any ferula, crosier, or pastoral staff as part of the papal liturgy. The use of a staff is not mentioned in descriptions of Papal Masses in the Ordines Romani (Roman Ordinals). Re-adoption In 1877, the Circolo San Pietro (an organization founded in 1869 to support the papacy) presented a staff or ferula to Pope Pius IX on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of his episcopal consecration and is sometimes referred to as the "ferula of Pius IX". Modern usage Pope Francis continued to use the ferula of Benedict XVI at the beginning of his pontificate. References Further reading
Top 10 Pinterest Pins This WeekWe repin images on Pinterest that capture our attention and inspire new ideas. This week's top 10 Pinterest pins contains 10 items that will have you clicking the "repin" button. This week, we included pins that ranged from handy household items to helpful tips for living. Pinners this week were quick to repin a special hairbrush that uses absorbent microfiber bristles to dry your hair as you brush. (Don't worry, it has a mildew guard!) FOLLOW: Mashable on Pinterest For our top 10 pins post, we use Pinterest analytics tool Repinly to see what pinners are repinning and find interesting. What were some of your favorite Pinterest pins this week? Mashable See On Thumbnail Courtesy of Etsy, Fishstikks