Intro to Linguistics: Phonetics We often reference the various fields of linguistics, so we thought we should finally take some time to briefly explain what each of them encompasses. In the coming weeks, we'll be discussing the main fields our new Intro to Linguistics series. We'll be starting the series with phonetics. Phonetics is the branch of linguistics that studies the physical properties of speech sounds. In general, phoneticians don't focus on the meaning of the sounds, as that is considered a part of phonology, which we'll discuss next time. Instead, phonetics is all about the sounds you make, how you make them, and how they are received by a listener. Poetry for Everyday Life The sentence is only worth quoting because in 28 words it contains four metaphors. Economies don’t really gain traction, like a tractor. Momentum doesn’t literally get snuffed out, like a cigarette. We just use those metaphors, without even thinking about it, as a way to capture what is going on. In his fine new book, “I Is an Other,” James Geary reports on linguistic research suggesting that people use a metaphor every 10 to 25 words. Metaphors are not rhetorical frills at the edge of how we think, Geary writes.
Alec Hartman — Startups, Get Organized I work with a lot of startups - and its usually my job make their technology awesome. However, lately I’ve taken on another role as well - I’ve been helping my portfolio companies get focused. All startups want to change the world - but its important for them to realize HOW they’re changing it, and WHO they’re changing it for. TechStars taught me how to approach this in an organized way and I love Nicole for this! So, for my founder friends, here is some homework (send it to me and I’ll be happy to give you some feedback!)… answer the following:
11 Stephen Hawking Quotes for His 71st Birthday When Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with motor neurone disease at age 21, doctors thought he'd only survive a few more years. But the theoretical physicist defied the odds: Hawking turns 71 today. Here are 11 quotes from the Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge and author of A Brief History of Time. Happy birthday, professor!
Languages Grew From a Seed in Africa, a Study Says The finding fits well with the evidence from fossil skulls and DNA that modern humans originated in Africa. It also implies, though does not prove, that modern language originated only once, an issue of considerable controversy among linguists. The detection of such an ancient signal in language is surprising. Because words change so rapidly, many linguists think that languages cannot be traced very far back in time. Developing Linguistic Corpora: a Guide to Good Practice Preface Martin Wynne (AHDS Literature, Languages and Linguistics, University of Oxford, UK) Chapter 1Corpus and Text: Basic PrinciplesJohn Sinclair (Tuscan Word Centre) Chapter 2Adding Linguistic AnnotationGeoffrey Leech (Lancaster University)
Metaphors We Live By, Lakoff and Johnson Is it true that all of us, not just poets, speak in metaphors, whether we realize it or not? Is it perhaps even true that we live by metaphors? In Metaphors We Live By George Lakoff, a linguist, and Mark Johnson, a philosopher, suggest that metaphors not only make our thoughts more vivid and interesting but that they actually structure our perceptions and understanding. Thinking of marriage as a "contract agreement," for example, leads to one set of expectations, while thinking of it as "team play," "a negotiated settlement," "Russian roulette," "an indissoluble merger," or "a religious sacrament" will carry different sets of expectations. When a government thinks of its enemies as "turkeys or "clowns" it does not take them as serious threats, but if the are "pawns" in the hands of the communists, they are taken seriously indeed.
Willard van Orman Quine 1. Quine’s life and work 1908: born, Akron, Ohio, on June 25th. 1926–30: attended Oberlin College, Ohio; B.A, major in Mathematics with honors reading in mathematical philosophy. 1930–32: attended Harvard University; Ph.D. in Philosophy, dissertation on Whitehead and Russell’s Principia Mathematica. 1932–33: held a Sheldon Traveling Fellowship and visited (most notably) Vienna, Warsaw, and Prague (where Carnap was then teaching). 1933–36: a Junior Fellow in Harvard’s newly-formed Society of Fellows; worked chiefly on logic and set theory. 1934: published A System of Logistic, a revised version of his dissertation. 1936–78: held teaching positions at Harvard, first as Faculty Instructor, then as Associate Professor (1941) and then as Professor (1948). 1940: published Mathematical Logic. 1942–45: U.S. (Note: for the sake of brevity only Quine’s most notable publications in philosophy are listed.) 2. Quine’s Naturalism and its Implications
How to Build Self-Discipline Discipline is freedom. You may disagree with this statement, and if you do you are certainly not alone. For many people discipline is a dirty word that is equated with the absence of freedom. YOU'VE BEEN VERBED Friending, trending, even evidencing and statementing... plenty of nouns are turning into verbs. Anthony Gardner works out what’s going on ... From INTELLIGENT LIFE Magazine, Winter 2010 Mothers and fathers used to bring up children: now they parent. Critics used to review plays: now they critique them.
28 tips for doing better in your Intro Linguistics course Just in time for back to school, here are some tips for doing better on your linguistics assignments from someone who’s marked a few hundred of them over the years. General: 1. Read the question. The easiest mistake to fix: if the question says circle the error and fix it, make sure you do both, or if the question asks for three examples, make sure you give three and not two or four. If the question asks for a transcription, don’t give a translation, and so on. To Predict Dating Success, The Secret's In The Pronouns : Shots - Health Blog hide captionPeople who are interested in and paying close attention to each other begin to speak more alike, a psychologist says. iStockphoto.com People who are interested in and paying close attention to each other begin to speak more alike, a psychologist says. On a recent Friday night, 30 men and 30 women gathered at a hotel restaurant in Washington, D.C. Their goal was love, or maybe sex, or maybe some combination of the two. They were there for speed dating.
Communism vs Fascism What are Communism and Fascism? As a socioeconomic system, communism considers all property to be communal — that is, owned by the community or by the state. This system also stresses the importance of a "classless" society, where there are no differences between the wealthy and the working classes, between men and women, or between races.
7 Signs Your Transformation Will Fail Nobody likes the F-word. No, not that F-word. Everybody likes that one. I'm talking about... failing. On average, more than half of the people who express New Year's fitness goals end up as statistics, not success stories. They drop off by the second week, and end up shelving their goals until next year.