background preloader

RSA Animate - Language as a Window into Human Nature

RSA Animate - Language as a Window into Human Nature

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3-son3EJTrU

Related:  kielitaito

Capital - You need to go back to school to relearn English Until seven years ago, Chicago-born Ben Barron had worked only with fellow Americans. But when he took a job with Zurich Insurance Company, an international company headquartered in Switzerland, Barron found that his new colleagues across Europe, who used English as a shared language, had difficulty understanding him. “Fortunately I was surrounded by people who would stop and say things like, ‘So what do you mean by that?’ and make me clarify,” he recalls.

To Predict Dating Success, The Secret's In The Pronouns : Shots - Health Blog hide captionPeople who are interested in and paying close attention to each other begin to speak more alike, a psychologist says. iStockphoto.com People who are interested in and paying close attention to each other begin to speak more alike, a psychologist says. On a recent Friday night, 30 men and 30 women gathered at a hotel restaurant in Washington, D.C. Their goal was love, or maybe sex, or maybe some combination of the two. They were there for speed dating.

Alec Hartman — Startups, Get Organized I work with a lot of startups - and its usually my job make their technology awesome. However, lately I’ve taken on another role as well - I’ve been helping my portfolio companies get focused. All startups want to change the world - but its important for them to realize HOW they’re changing it, and WHO they’re changing it for. TechStars taught me how to approach this in an organized way and I love Nicole for this! So, for my founder friends, here is some homework (send it to me and I’ll be happy to give you some feedback!)… answer the following:

Language Quiz: Can You Guess The Language By Listening? Who doesn’t love a punishing language quiz every now and then? If you’re the type of language nerd who can’t back down from a challenge, then we entreat you to try your hand at the following quiz. We selected audio from eight different languages with varying levels of ubiquitousness (just enough to make you second-guess all your choices if you’re not already familiar with how they sound). It’s up to you to choose the correct one, but be warned — you’ll have to select your answer from among a series of choices that all sound very much like they could be correct.

The links between bloggers' personalities and their use of words You can tell a person's personality from the words they use. Neurotics have a penchant for negative words; agreeable types for words pertaining to socialising; and so on. We know this from recordings of people's speech and from brief writing tasks. Now Tal Yarkoni has extended this line of research to the blogosphere by analysing the content of 694 blogs - containing an average of 115,000 words written over an average period of about two years - and matching this with the bloggers' (predominantly female; average age 36) answers to online personality questionnaires. Some commentators have suggested that the internet allows people to present idealised versions of themselves to the world. Contrary to that idea, Yarkoni found that bloggers' choice of words consistently related to their personality type just as has been found in past offline research.

Willard van Orman Quine 1. Quine’s life and work 1908: born, Akron, Ohio, on June 25th. 1926–30: attended Oberlin College, Ohio; B.A, major in Mathematics with honors reading in mathematical philosophy. 1930–32: attended Harvard University; Ph.D. in Philosophy, dissertation on Whitehead and Russell’s Principia Mathematica. 1932–33: held a Sheldon Traveling Fellowship and visited (most notably) Vienna, Warsaw, and Prague (where Carnap was then teaching). 1933–36: a Junior Fellow in Harvard’s newly-formed Society of Fellows; worked chiefly on logic and set theory. 1934: published A System of Logistic, a revised version of his dissertation. 1936–78: held teaching positions at Harvard, first as Faculty Instructor, then as Associate Professor (1941) and then as Professor (1948). 1940: published Mathematical Logic. 1942–45: U.S. (Note: for the sake of brevity only Quine’s most notable publications in philosophy are listed.) 2. Quine’s Naturalism and its Implications

5 examples of how the languages we speak can affect the way we think Keith Chen (TED Talk: Could your language affect your ability to save money?) might be an economist, but he wants to talk about language. For instance, he points out, in Chinese, saying “this is my uncle” is not as straightforward as you might think. In Chinese, you have no choice but to encode more information about said uncle. The language requires that you denote the side the uncle is on, whether he’s related by marriage or birth and, if it’s your father’s brother, whether he’s older or younger. “All of this information is obligatory.

Communism vs Fascism What are Communism and Fascism? As a socioeconomic system, communism considers all property to be communal — that is, owned by the community or by the state. This system also stresses the importance of a "classless" society, where there are no differences between the wealthy and the working classes, between men and women, or between races.

The Weird Thing About Facebook: Status Updates Are The Most Memorable Writing You Do If you’re a Facebook skeptic and believe that most status updates are over-sharey and show-offy (babies, weddings, the aftermath of too much beer), you are not wrong. But whether inane or informative, there’s something interesting about Facebook status updates: According to a new study, we are one and a half times more likely to remember them than any other form of written language. In fact, we remember the random online blathering of friends and family two and a half times more consistently than we remember faces. These are the unequivocal findings of “Major Memory in Microblogs,” a new study from the University of California, San Diego, and the University of Warwick. “It’s not that you can remember the Facebook posts a little better--you can remember them a lot better,” says study co-author Dr.

Neural networks and deep learning In the last chapter we saw how neural networks can learn their weights and biases using the gradient descent algorithm. There was, however, a gap in our explanation: we didn't discuss how to compute the gradient of the cost function. That's quite a gap! In this chapter I'll explain a fast algorithm for computing such gradients, an algorithm known as backpropagation. The backpropagation algorithm was originally introduced in the 1970s, but its importance wasn't fully appreciated until a famous 1986 paper by David Rumelhart, Geoffrey Hinton, and Ronald Williams. That paper describes several neural networks where backpropagation works far faster than earlier approaches to learning, making it possible to use neural nets to solve problems which had previously been insoluble.

Your words matter Often what happens when people are just talking to each other in their everyday lives is that they are just talking and talking and no one is really listening. Then when every once in a while somebody does listen, they have some kind of overreaction to what someone said or how someone said it; therefore, there’s a great deal of miscommunication going on, and you don’t create a sense of intimacy and connection between you and the other person. Most of the time when people speak to each other, they’re doing a number of things that ultimately don’t lead to good communication. For one, people are very reactive in the ways that they respond; they hear something and, even before they realize what they’re hearing, they have emotional responses. People can get very defensive very quickly, and therefore we’re not always keeping an eye on how we are responding to what someone is saying. You also recommend that people keep their communication brief.

5 Disturbing Fairy Tales That Are Way Too Messed Up for Disney (Page 2) 5. Donkeyskin, the Disney Princess that never was via Nadezhda Illarionova Apart from the name, Donkeyskin sounds exactly like something Disney would adapt into an animated feature.

Imagine A Flying Pig: How Words Take Shape In The Brain : Shots - Health News hide captionAlthough a flying pig doesn't exist in the real world, our brains use what we know about pigs and birds — and superheroes — to create one in our mind's eye when we hear or read those words. iStockphoto.com Although a flying pig doesn't exist in the real world, our brains use what we know about pigs and birds — and superheroes — to create one in our mind's eye when we hear or read those words. This is a story about a duck.

Spilt Milk Studios Development Diary 18: Christmas Roundup - Gamesbrief This is one of a regular series of guest posts by Andrew Smith (Twitter). Feel like you’ve missed something? Then go and check out all the Spilt Milk Studios Diaries. I thought it’d be nice (and a bit of a reassuring cliché) to do a roundup of the Hard Lines story so far, and take a look at some of the interesting facts and figures that have come to light since we launched Hard Lines in June of this year. Of course this would be redundant without some sort of insight from me that wasn’t revealed before (or has simply occurred to me in the time since the original posts) so you’ll still learn a few things I’d hope. It’s been a pretty amazing few months, and I’m sure there are plenty more to come.

Related: