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Annual. Acts of Protest. History. Massacres. Musical. French Wars of Religion. Plague of Justinian. 1948 Italian general election. General elections were held in Italy on Sunday 18 April 1948 to elect the First Republican Parliament.[1] They were heavily influenced by the Cold War confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States, and are now best known for the covert political warfare waged by the US State Department and Central Intelligence Agency on behalf of the Christian Democratic Party (DC).[2][3] The Christian Democrats went on to form a government without the Communists, who had been in government from June 1944, when the first post-war government was formed, until May 1947.

1948 Italian general election

Electoral system[edit] 1937 Fox vault fire. On July 9, 1937, a major fire broke out in a 20th Century-Fox film storage facility in Little Ferry, New Jersey, United States.

1937 Fox vault fire

It was caused by the spontaneous combustion of nitrate film stored in inadequately ventilated vaults. The fire resulted in one death and two injuries, and destroyed all of the film in the vault. Background[edit] Nitrate film[edit] The early motion-picture industry primarily used nitrocellulose film stock, commonly called nitrate film. Large and dangerous fires sometimes resulted.

Little Ferry[edit] Henry Louis Gates arrest controversy. On July 16, 2009, Harvard University professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., was arrested at his Cambridge, Massachusetts home by a local police officer responding to a 9-1-1 caller's report of men breaking and entering the residence.

Henry Louis Gates arrest controversy

The arrest initiated a series of events that unfolded under the spotlight of the international news media. On July 22, President Barack Obama commented on the incident, criticizing the arrest and the response by the police. Law enforcement organizations and members objected to Obama's comments and criticized his handling of the issue. In the aftermath, Obama stated that he regretted his comments and hoped that the situation could become a "teachable moment".[3] On July 24, Obama invited both parties to the White House to discuss the issue over beer, and on July 30, Obama and Vice President Joe Biden joined Crowley and Gates in a private, cordial meeting in a courtyard near the White House Rose Garden; this became known colloquially as the "Beer Summit".

Amazon Erases Orwell Books From Kindle Devices. Guatemalan Revolution. The Guatemalan Revolution (Spanish: Revolución de Guatemala) was the period in Guatemalan history between the popular uprising that overthrew dictator Jorge Ubico in 1944 and the United States-orchestrated coup d'état in 1954 that overthrew the democratically elected President Jacobo Árbenz.

Guatemalan Revolution

This period has also been called the Ten Years of Spring, highlighting the only years of representative democracy in Guatemala from 1930 until the end of the civil war in 1996, which saw the implementation of a program of social, political, and especially agrarian reform that was enormously influential across Latin America.

From the late 19th century until 1944 Guatemala was governed by a series of authoritarian rulers who sought to strengthen the economy by supporting the export of coffee. In June 1944, a popular pro-democracy movement led by university students and labor organizations forced Ubico to resign. Background[edit] Early 20th Century[edit] 7/9/1982: Queen fends off bedroom intruder - BBC. 1982: Queen fends off bedroom intruder A man has broken into Buckingham Palace and spent ten minutes talking to the Queen in her bedroom.

7/9/1982: Queen fends off bedroom intruder - BBC

At around 0715 BST Michael Fagan, 31, scaled the walls around the palace and shinned the drain-pipe up to the Queen's private apartments. Barefooted and wearing a t-shirt the unemployed father of four evaded electronic alarms and palace and police guards before disturbing the Queen by opening a curtain. Mr Fagan is already due to appear at Bow Street Magistrates' Court tomorrow to face charges of trespass and stealing half a bottle of wine from Buckingham Palace on 7 June.

Smoked out. Love Parade disaster. On 24 July 2010, a crowd disaster at the 2010 Love Parade electronic dance music festival in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, caused the death of 21 people from suffocation.[1] At least 510 more were injured.[2]

Love Parade disaster

Kumbh Mela. Kumbh Mela (/ˌkʊm ˈmeɪlə/ or /ˌkʊm məˈlɑː/; Devanagari: कुम्भ मेला "kumbha mēlā", Marathi कुंभमेळा) "kumbh mela" is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred river.

Kumbh Mela

It is considered to be largest peaceful gathering in the world with over 100 million people visiting during the Maha Kumbh Mela in 2013.[5] It is held every third year at one of the four places by rotation: Haridwar, Allahabad (Prayaga), Nashik and Ujjain. Thus the Kumbh Mela is held at each of these four places every twelfth year. Ardha ("Half") Kumbh Mela is held at only two places, Haridwar and Allahabad, every sixth year.

Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster

White shift dress of Jean Shrimpton. Background[edit] In 1962, the Victoria Racing Club, faced with waning crowd attendances at racing events in Victoria, Australia, added a Fashions on the Field competition to the programme for the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival races held at Flemington Racecourse.

White shift dress of Jean Shrimpton

The competition was intended in particular to woo female racegoers.[1] Three years later, in 1965, textile manufacturer DuPont de Nemours International engaged Jean Shrimpton, then the world's highest-paid model,[2] to travel to Australia to be a judge in the 1965 "Fashions on the Field".[3] Her fee for the two week visit was £2,000, an enormous sum, equivalent to at least a year's wages for the average Australian man. Even The Beatles had been paid only £1,500 for their tour of Australia in 1964.[4] Cleveland's Balloonfest '86. Balloonfest '86 was a 1986 event in which the United Way of Cleveland in Ohio set a world record by releasing almost one and a half million balloons.[2] The event was intended to be a harmless fundraising publicity stunt, but the balloons drifted back over the city, Lake Erie and land in the surrounding area, and caused problems for traffic and a nearby airport.

Cleveland's Balloonfest '86

The event also interfered with a United States Coast Guard search for two boaters who were later found drowned.[1] In consequence, the organizers and the city faced lawsuits seeking millions of dollars in damages,[1] and cost overruns put the event at a net loss.[3] Preparations[edit] The stunt was coordinated by Balloonart by Treb, a Los Angeles-based company headed by Treb Heining, which spent six months preparing for it. Launch[edit] Raising of Chicago. During the 1850s and 1860s engineers carried out a piecemeal raising of the level of central Chicago.

Raising of Chicago

Streets, sidewalks and buildings were either built up, relocated, or physically raised on hydraulic jacks or jackscrews. Holden's Lightning flight. Aircraft[edit] The English Electric Lightning was a high-performance short-range interceptor aircraft.