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A List Of Fallacious Arguments

A List Of Fallacious Arguments
attacking the person instead of attacking his argument. For example, "Von Daniken's books about ancient astronauts are worthless because he is a convicted forger and embezzler." (Which is true, but that's not why they're worthless.) Another example is this syllogism, which alludes to Alan Turing's homosexuality: Turing thinks machines think. Turing lies with men. (Note the equivocation in the use of the word "lies".)

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Related:  Logical FallaciesCognitive Bias, Distortions & Logical FallaciesFALLACIESLOGICeducational tools

How to Disagree By Paul Graham / paulgraham.com The web is turning writing into a conversation. Twenty years ago, writers wrote and readers read. 7 Stupid Thinking Errors You Probably Make The brain isn’t a flawless piece of machinery. Although it is powerful and comes in an easy to carry container, it has it’s weaknesses. A field in psychology which studies these errors, known as biases. Although you can’t upgrade your mental hardware, noticing these biases can clue you into possible mistakes.How Bias Hurts You If you were in a canoe, you’d probably want to know about any holes in the boat before you start paddling. Biases can be holes in your reasoning abilities and they can impair your decision making.

Fallacy List 1. FAULTY CAUSE: (post hoc ergo propter hoc) mistakes correlation or association for causation, by assuming that because one thing follows another it was caused by the other. example: A black cat crossed Babbs' path yesterday and, sure enough, she was involved in an automobile accident later that same afternoon. example: The introduction of sex education courses at the high school level has resulted in increased promiscuity among teens. A recent study revealed that the number of reported cases of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) was significantly higher for high schools that offered courses in sex education than for high schools that did not. 2. SWEEPING GENERALIZATION: (dicto simpliciter) assumes that what is true of the whole will also be true of the part, or that what is true in most instances will be true in all instances.

Logical Fallacy of Denying the Correlative Conjunction / Denying the Correlative There are 18 sub-topics of "Fallacies of Choice": How can we know anything about anything? That's the real question Logical Fallacy of Denying the Correlative Conjunction / Denying the Correlative Denying the correlative conjunction is one of the many smokescreens that are used to cover the fact that the reasoning is based on one of the three fallacies of Agrippa's trilemma. Whenever a logical fallacy is committed, the fallacy has its roots in Agrippa's trilemma. Got it! This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website More info You Teach. List of memory biases In psychology and cognitive science, a memory bias is a cognitive bias that either enhances or impairs the recall of a memory (either the chances that the memory will be recalled at all, or the amount of time it takes for it to be recalled, or both), or that alters the content of a reported memory. There are many different types of memory biases, including: See also[edit] [edit]

Fallacies [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy] A fallacy is a kind of error in reasoning. The alphabetical list below contains 209 names of the most common fallacies, and it provides brief explanations and examples of each of them. Fallacies should not be persuasive, but they often are. Fallacies may be created unintentionally, or they may be created intentionally in order to deceive other people. Arguments for the existence of God Multimedia Ontological arguments Cosmological arguments Kalam cosmological argument The aim of this argument is to show that the universe had a beginning in the finite past. The argument battles against the existence of an infinite, temporal regress of past events which implies a universe that has infinitely existed.

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