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Klezmer music originated in the 'shtetl' (villages) and the ghettos of Eastern Europe, where itinerant Jewish troubadours, known as 'klezmorim', performed at joyful events ('simkhes'), particularly weddings, since the early middle age till the Nazi and Stalinian prosecutions. It was inspired by secular melodies, popular dances, 'khazones' (khazanut, Jewish liturgy) as well as by the 'nigunim', the simple and often wordless melodies, intended by the 'Hasidim' (orthodox Jews) for approaching God in a kind of ecstatic communion. In (mutual) contact with Slavic, Greek, Ottoman (Turkish), Gypsy and -later- American jazz musicians, using typical scales, tempo and rhythm changes, slight dissonance and a touch of improvisation, the 'klezmorim' acquired the ability to evoke all kinds of emotions, through a very diversified music. back home "Klezmer: it's not just music - it's a way of life!" (Hankus Netsky) A klezmer kapelye (~1910) Attention, please: Pronounce 'kleZmer' and not 'kleTzmer'! Feidman

Hora (dance) Hora, also known as horo and oro, is a type of circle dance originating in the Balkans but also found in other countries. Hora (pl. hore) is a traditional Romanian folk dance where the dancers hold each other's hands and the circle spins, usually counterclockwise, as each participant follows a sequence of three steps forward and one step back. The dance is usually accompanied by musical instruments such as the cymbalum, accordion, violin, viola, double bass, saxophone, trumpet or the pan pipes. The Hora is popular during wedding celebrations and festivals, and is an essential part of the social entertainment in rural areas. One of the most famous hore is the Hora Unirii (Hora of the Union), which became a Romanian patriotic song as a result of being the hymn when Wallachia and Moldavia united to form the Principality of Romania in 1859. Variants: Periniţa There are more than five types of horo that are usually danced at every wedding. How to dance the Hora

What is Jewish Music? Jewish music stems from ancient prayer chants of the Levant some 3000 years ago. The musical notation that developed and that we find in the bible today is one of the most ancient forms of notated music, and yet it is still in current practice all over the world today. Jewish music has been constantly adapting to new conditions and yet retaining its identity in many widely differing ethnic, social and religious environments. Through its daughter religions, the music of Judaism is one of the fundamental elements in the understanding of the sacred and secular traditions of Europe and the Near East, first having influenced, and then having been influenced by, the music of Christian and Islamic cultures. Ashkenazi Music (Klezmer) Ashkenazi refers to the Jews who settled in the Rhineland of South West Germany and Northern France from about the third century CE. Sephardi Music Israeli Music Synagogue Music Suppressed Music Western Classical Music Sources: Jewish Music Institute

Klezmer fiddle Klezmer (Yiddish: Klezmer (כליזמר or קלעזמער, pl. כליזמר, כליזמרים, from the Hebrew כלי זמר meaning "vessel of song") is a genre of fiddle music rooted in the medieval shtetl (villages) of Eastern Europe, where wandering Ashkenazi[1] musicians (Klezmorim) played at bar mitzvahs, weddings and holidays (simkhes).[2] ritual of rabbinic Judaism.[3] Influences[edit] Antecedents[edit] Some academic musicologists[4] suggest that ancient Semitic traditions preceded and influenced, along with Tanahk hymns,[5] Greek Pythagorean music. It consisted of a blend of dance tunes, liturgy and meditative chants (nigunim). Medieval[edit] Traditions combined in medieval klezmer include Greek, Turkish, Slavic and later, Jazz. History[edit] Mel Bay music writer Chris Haigh, who himself performs in Klezmer bands, is one of the more prolific and popular writers on the topic, and he makes numerous assertions regarding the history of klezmer music which he does not corroborate with academic references. Horas[edit]

What Instruments Are Played in Klezmer Music? Klezmer music is a Yiddish folk music that developed during the renaissance in Eastern Europe. The style features mainly acoustic instruments, though modern American takes on the style incorporate drums and vocals into the blueprint, as well. Because of its origins, klezmer is still considered a form of Jewish music, and is frequently heard at Jewish weddings and other functions. Violin The violin sits at the heart of klezmer music. Musicians capitalize on the stringed instrument's highly expressive qualities. Hammered Dulcimer An ancient instrument different from the picked Appalachian dulcimer present in bluegrass sounds, the hammered dulcimer is a large stringed-instrument that musicians play by striking strings with drumstick-like hammers. Accordion Although it's a more recent addition to klezmer music, accordions provide another layer of melodies. Clarinet American klezmer revivalists embraced the clarinet's steadfast sound and octave range as the genre found a home in America. Drums

Klezmer Klezmerkonzert und -fest, Wien 2009. Klezmer (YIVO-Transkription von jiddisch כליזמר oder קלעזמער, von hebräisch כלי זמר, kli („Gerät, Gefäß“) und zemer („Lied“), wörtlich „Gefäß des Liedes“, im modernen Hebräisch „Musikinstrumente, Musikanten“, ist eine aus dem aschkenasischen Judentum stammende Volksmusiktradition. Etwa um das 15. Ursprünglich bezog sich der Begriff klezmer (Plural klezmorim) auf die Musiker. Die Schreibweise „Klezmer“ stammt aus dem Englischen, wo das „z“ für ein stimmhaftes „s“ steht. Stil[Bearbeiten] Geschichte[Bearbeiten] Siehe auch: Jüdische Musik Die Bibel beschreibt verschiedentlich die Klangkörper und das musikalische Schaffen der Leviten. Die Klezmorim wurden wegen ihrer musikalischen Fähigkeiten und ihres vielseitigen Repertoires geschätzt, und blieben keineswegs auf das Spielen reiner Klezmermusik beschränkt. Als die Juden Osteuropa und das Schtetl verließen, verbreitete sich die Klezmerkultur weltweit, besonders in den USA. Repertoire[Bearbeiten] Im 19.

Celtic Music Instruments From the thump of the Bodhrán to the airy rasp of the wooden flute, celtic music is known by its instruments. Here's an introduction to the main players, with links to more information, for players and afficionados. Fiddle The fiddle is the mainstay of most Scottish and Irish music. Flute Flutes of one sort or another have been played in the celtic countries for over a thousand years. Tin Whistle (pennywhistle) The simplest and cheapest of traditional instruments, yet not so simple to master. More information: Ceolas Tin Whistle guide. Bagpipes & uilleann pipes Several forms of bagpipe are used in celtic music. The Scottish highland pipes are the loudest, played standing, usually in pipe bands. Bagpipe FAQ Bagpipe Web David Daye's Bagpipe site, for Scottish and uilleann pipes. Bombarde This is a small oboe-like shawm with a penetrating sound, used widely in Breton music. Free reed instruments This family of instruments was developed in the early nineteenth century. Banjo Bouzouki Website.

Karlsruhe - und anderswo Klezmertanz »Klezmer-Musik ist Musik, die tanzt, singt, die Freude und Trauer des Lebens zum Ausdruck bringt. Eine Musik, so fruchtbar und vielfältig wie die osteuropäische jiddische Kultur, aus der sie entstanden ist. Sie ist ein Spiegel, der den Einfluss rumänischer, ukrainischer, polnischer, russischer, ungarischer, griechischer und türkischer Sensibilität auf die jüdische Imagination wiedererkennen lässt.« (Haskala). Klezmermusik ist also ursprünglich die Musik des Tanzes und des Festes. Die Melodien mischten sich zunehmend mit der Tradition der Volksmusik und Bauerntänze aus den Ländern und Regionen, in denen die Klezmorim wirkten. Anmerkung: Dieser Überblick erhebt keinen Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit oder Richtigkeit im Sinne von "So isses". Hier möchten wir einen kleinen Überblick geben über die wichtigsten Tänze, die inzwischen zum Klezmer-Tanzrepertoire gehören. Freylekh Freylekhs sind lebhafte Kreis- oder Reihentänze im 8/8 Takt. Khusidl (auch Khosidl oder Khosid) Nign Bulgar Doina

10 Best Celtic Women Singers | Made Man It's nearly impossible to single out just 10 best Celtic women singers. Celtic female vocalists are amazing and there are so many good ones. Nevertheless, let's focus on ten of the best. If you're looking to investigate this music, here is a really good starting point. Mary Black Mary Black is the daughter of a fiddler-father and a singer-mother. Spiel Klezmer Im Jiddischen wird „Klezmer“ als „klesmer“ geschrieben, wobei das „s“ stimmhaft ist. Doch hat sich weltweit die amerikanische Schreibweise, der wir in diesem Falle folgen, als Bezeichnung einer Sparte des Musikgeschäfts eingebürgert. Ansonsten lehnt sich unsere Schreibweise des Jiddischen der jeweils zitierten Quelle an. Das heißt, dass US-amerikanische Quellen meist der „YIVO-Schreibweise“ folgen, andere Quellen jedoch eher eine der vielen „deutschen“ Schreibweisen bevorzugen. Ottens/Rubin haben in ihrem Klezmer-Buch 1999 einen gut lesbaren Weg gewählt, der die YIVO-Schreibweise undogmatisch „eindeutscht“. Am besten „direkt lesbar“ ist aber das Jiddisch, das beispielsweise auf der Zupfgeigenhansel-LP „Jiddische Lieder“ zu finden ist. Wir begründen dieses didaktisch zunächst verwerfliche „Durcheinander“ einerseits damit, dass ja im Jiddischen selbst ein Durcheinander besteht.

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