background preloader

Music of Africa

Music of Africa
Given the vastness of the continent, the traditional music of Africa is historically ancient, rich, and diverse, with the different regions and nations of Africa having distinct musical traditions. Traditional music in much of the continent is passed down orally (or aurally) and is not written. In Sub-Saharan African music traditions, it also frequently relies heavily on percussion instruments of every variety, including xylophones, drums, and tone-producing instruments such as the mbira or "thumb piano Music by regions[edit] North Africa and the Horn of Africa[edit] With these may be grouped the music of Sudan and of the Horn of Africa, including the music of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia. West, Central, Southeast and South Africa[edit] Geo-political map of Africa divided for ethnomusicological purposes, after Alan P. African traditional music is frequently functional in nature. Musicologically, Sub-Saharan Africa may be divided into four regions:[6] Musical instruments[edit] Related:  mgonzales1184Music from Other Countries

Learn Keyboard Notes Edit Article All Keyboards88-Key Keyboards and Pianos Edited by RobinElzibab, Teresa, VC, Adamjh99 and 13 others If you're just learning how to play a keyboard instrument, whether it's a MIDI controller, organ, or an 88-key grand piano, learning the notes on the keyboard is a crucial first step. This article will help you get familiar with how the keys are arranged, what the notes are, and get started on a long and musical road. Ad Steps Method 1 of 2: All Keyboards Method 2 of 2: 88-Key Keyboards and Pianos Keyboard Notes Step 5.360p.mp4Learn Keyboard Notes Step 5.gif1Start at the first key to the left. Tips Memorize all the white and black notes for one octave—C to C. Warnings

Traditional Japanese Music There are several types of traditional, Japanese music (hogaku). Some of the most important ones are listed below: Gagaku: Ancient court music from China and Korea. It is the oldest type of Japanese, traditional music. Biwagaku: Music played with the Biwa, a kind of guitar with four strings.

untitled African Music, Dance, Music and Musical Instruments Indigenous African musical and dance expressions that are maintained by oral tradition and that are stylistically distinct from the music and dance of both the Arabic cultures of North Africa and the Western settler populations of southern Africa. African music and dance, therefore, are cultivated largely by societies in sub-Saharan AfricaAll sub-Saharan traditions emphasize singing, because song is used as an avenue of communication. Because many African languages are "tone languages," in which pitch level determines meaning, the melodies and rhythms of songs generally follow the intonation contour and rhythms of the song texts. In the precolonial period, trade, wars, migrations, and religion stimulated interaction among sub-Saharan societies, encouraging them to borrow musical resources from one another, including peoples exposed to Islamic and Arabic culture, who had integrated some Arabic instruments and techniques into their traditional music.

Music of Africa The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions. Music in Africa is very important when it comes to religion. Songs and music are used in rituals and religious ceremonies, to pass down stories from generation to generation, as well as to sing and dance to. Traditional music in most of the continent is passed down orally (or aurally) and is not written. In Sub-Saharan African music traditions, it frequently relies on percussion instruments of every variety, including xylophones, djembes, drums, and tone-producing instruments such as the mbira or "thumb piano. Like the music of Asia, India and the Middle East, it's a highly rhythmic music. Music by regions[edit] North Africa and the Horn of Africa[edit] West, Central, Southeast and South Africa[edit] African traditional music is frequently functional in nature. Musical instruments[edit]

Musical Notation - The Method Behind the Music All music must be written before it can be read, understood, and played by musicians. To do this, a system of notation has been developed that gives musicians the information they need to play music as the composer intended it. Here is a list of topics discussed on this page: The Staff The staff is the basis of written music. It is what the notes are presented on. Clefs This is the treble staff. This is the bass (pronounced 'base' ) staff. This is a C clef. The Grand Staff When the bass and treble clef are combined and connected by a brace (left) and lines, they become the grand staff. Measures The vertical lines on the staff mark the measures. Notes Different pitches are named by letters. Notes Written on the Staff Notes are centered on the lines or in the spaces between the lines. Ledger Lines Ledger lines extend above and below the staff, allowing for higher or lower notes to be shown than would otherwise fit on the staff. Note Durations All notes have length. At the top is a whole note (1).

A History of Klezmer Music The word "klezmer" comes from two Hebrew words that refer to musical instruments. Over time, they have come to signify the musicians and the type of music that these musicians play. It now refers to the musical genre that is a type of secular Jewish music with roots dating back as far as the 16th century. Yiddish Theater and Beyond In the 1870's, a man named Abraham Goldfaden founded the first Yiddish theater in Romania. The Downturn for Klezmer After the large immigration of Jews to the United States from 1880-1920, klezmer started to lose favor with these European Jews. The Upturn for Klezmer In the 1970's, klezmer started to find a revival as an extension of the folk music revival that was popular at the time. Klezmer Today Today, Klezmer is a very popular type of music with people in both America and Israel requesting it for the family events, Jewish get-togethers and more.

Rattle (percussion instrument) Rattle from Papua New Guinea, made from leaves, seeds and coconut shell, to be tied around a dancer’s ankle Maracas from Mexico A rattle is a type of percussion instrument which produces a sound when shaken. Rattles are described in the Hornbostel–Sachs system as Shaken Idiophones or Rattles (112.1).[1] Rattles include: Jump up ^ Erich M. von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, "Classification of Musical Instruments," Translated from the original German by Anthony Baines and Klaus P.

Traditional Japanese music Traditional Japanese music or 邦楽 (hōgaku), meaning literally (home) country music (as opposed to 洋楽 (yōgaku) - Western music) is the folk or traditional music of Japan. Japan's Ministry of Education classifies Hōgaku as a category separate from other traditional forms of music, such as Gagaku (court music) or Shōmyō (Buddhist chanting), but most ethnomusicologists view Hōgaku, in a broad sense, as the form from which the others were derived.[1] Outside of ethnomusicology, however, Hōgaku usually refers to Japanese music from around the 17th to the mid-19th century.[2] Within this framework, there are three types of traditional music in Japan: theatrical, court music (called gagaku), and instrumental. Theatrical[edit] Japan has several theatrical forms of drama in which music plays a significant role. The main forms are kabuki and noh. Noh[edit] Noh (能) or nōgaku (能楽) music is a type of theatrical music. Kabuki[edit] Geza[edit] Shosa-ongaku[edit] Ki and Tsuke[edit] Court Music (Gagaku)[edit]

Ladysmith Black Mambazo - The Lion Sleeps Tonight Italian Music History One of my friends recently completed a course in the History of italian music from the Accademia Europea de Firenze in Florence, Italy. I was amazed at the evolution of Italian music when she narrated to me the journey of medieval madrigals. As she revealed the structure of Italian music history which composed of the Origins of Melodarma, Monteverdi, Instrumental music of 17th and 18th century, Violin culture, Vivaldi, Rossini, Verdi, Puccini, Verista, Belcanto...(the list was never ending) I felt that even I should recount to you the story of this Great Italian culture. ¬Historians studying Italian music have traced the music of Italy to the music that prevailed in Ancient Rome and they have found roots of Italian music even before Christianity was legally recognised. Name it the Renaissance or the 16th century, but in Italy it is the era of printed polyphonic music and instrumental music. The highlights of the Baroque era of Italy are the three cities:

Related: