Indonesia – Gamelan: From Palace To Paddy Field – World Music Network – Guide To World Music The shimmering sounds of the gamelan have fascinated and delighted Western visitors to Indonesia for half a millennium. The structural complexity of the music and its sonorous and ethereal sound have inspired twentieth-century composers such as Debussy, Britten and John Cage, and in recent years there’s been an enthusiastic growth in playing in gamelan ensembles in the West. A gamelan has been described as “one instrument played by many people”. It is essentially an ensemble of tuned percussion, consisting mainly of gongs, metallophones (similar to xylophones, but with metal instead of wooden bars) and drums; it may also include singers, bamboo flutes and spike-fiddle. In Indonesia the ensembles and their sounds are diverse, ranging from Central Java’s bronze court gamelans to the bamboo village orchestras in Bali. The largest bronze gamelans in Indonesia are found in Central Java. Today, nearly ninety percent of Java’s population is Muslim. Life is changing rapidly in Java.
kendang Kendang Picture Credit: Dr. Han Kuo-Huang Listen to Kendang Gending and Kendang Ketipung Kendangs are smaller then a Bedug. Kendangs are cradled in small wooden stands. The names of these drums from the largest to the smallest are: Kendang Gending, Kendang Wayangan, Kendang Ciblon, and Kendang Ketipung. Back to Drums page | Gamelan Main Page | Javanese Gamelan | | Functions of Instruments | Instruments and Sounds | List | Javanese Gamelan Music | | Metallophones | Gongs | Drums | Counter-Melody | | Balinese Gamelan | Interlocking style | Balinese Gamelan Music | | NIU SEAsite Home Page | Indonesian Home Page | Traditional African Music-Chastity Indonesian Composer Biographies Biographies of Indonesian Composers from Bakers Biographical Dictionary of Composers, eighth edition written by Jody Diamond based on field work conducted in Indonesia in 1988-89 © 2001 all rights reserved R.L. I Wayan Sadra Sukerta, Pande Made Suratno, Nano (Nano S.) Siagian, Rizaldi Sidarta, Otok Bima Subono, Blacius (B.) Subowo, Yohanes Y.) Sutanto Suwardi, Aloysius (A.L.) Syukur, Slamet Abdul R.L. Sukerta, Pande Made born 1953 in Tekakula, Singaraja, Bali, Indonesia In 1964, began to be active in music groups that played in the temple activities of both his birthplace and elsewhere. in 1970, entered the high school level music conservatory in Denpasar, Bali, in the (Balinese) music department. He has been a participant at Jakarta’s Young Choreographers’ Festival (1978), and Young Composers’ Festival in 1979, 81, 84. He is quite industrious and prolific as a writer as well, spending long hours transcribing Balinese melodies of various styles from recordings. FROM THE INTERVIEW: Pande Made Sukerta
klezmer music Klezmer music, genre of music derived from and built upon eastern European music in the Jewish tradition. The common usage of the term developed about 1980; historically, a klezmer (plural: klezmorim or klezmers) was a male professional instrumental musician, usually Jewish, who played in a band hired for special occasions in eastern European communities. In the 21st century, klezmer music can be heard wherever Jews have settled. The Yiddish word klezmer derives from two Hebrew roots: klei (“vessel” or “instrument”) and zemer (“song”). Information about the klezmorim became much more reliable in the later 19th century as biographies, legends, and fictional accounts multiplied. The klezmer calling was hereditary and male; generally, a boy studied with his father, although some boys apprenticed themselves to musicians in other towns. Get unlimited access to all of Britannica’s trusted content.
Gamelan A gamelan is a traditional musical ensemble from Indonesia, typically from the islands of Java and Bali, featuring a variety of instruments such as metallophones, xylophones, kendang (drums) and gongs; bamboo flutes, bowed and plucked strings. Vocalists may also be included. For most Indonesians, gamelan music is an integral part of Indonesian culture. The term refers more to the set of instruments than to the players of those instruments. A gamelan is a set of instruments as a distinct entity, built and tuned to stay together – instruments from different gamelan are generally not interchangeable. Terminology History of gamelan music Musicians performing musical ensemble, bas-relief of Borobudur Gamelan orchestra (1870-1891) The gamelan predates the Hindu-Buddhist culture that dominated Indonesia in its earliest records and instead represents a native art form. In Javanese mythology, the gamelan was created by Sang Hyang Guru in Saka era 167 (c. Javanese gamelan in Malaysia
Insturments Exploring Africa Module Thirteen: African Music Teacher's Edition A brief background and history of African Music The African continent is the second largest continent in the world, and its people constitute a 10th of the world’s population with about one thousand indigenous languages spoken throughout the continent (Stone, 1998, p.2). Music and Dance Dance, music, and story-telling are among the ancient art forms that have flourished for many centuries in Africa. Honest observers are hard pressed to find single indigenous group in Africa that has a term congruent to the usual western notion of “music.” Music and dance are activities that characterize an African musical expression and play an important part in the lives of the people (Senogan-Zake, 1986). In this module, the term African music will encompass music and dance. Oral traditions African people traditionally and in the modern day have a rich oral tradition that insures the passage of cultural practices from one generation to another. Bibliography
The Best Little Klezmer Band In Texas - What Is Klezmer Music? About Klezmer Music KLEZMER is the Yiddish pronunciation of the Hebrew KLEY-Z'MER, (lit.; vessel-of-song)-"musical instrument"-which, in the East European context, came to refer to the musicians themselves. Strictly defined, Klezmer music is the traditional instrumental music of the East European Jews, performed at weddings and other celebrations such as the dedication of a Torah scroll or a synagogue. Comprising dance tunes, as well as music for listening at the wedding ritual and banquet, it is one part of a rich totality of East Ashkenazic music that includes diverse liturgical and folk song traditions as well as--in more recent times--Yiddish theater, popular and art music. Klezmer was brought to the United States where it encountered jazz and ragtime and thrived in the early days of New York's Jewish community. By the end of World War II, many of the Klezmer families turned to mainstream music and the form virtually disappeared as a living tradition. More About Klezmer Music
What is Klezmer Music? - The Klezmer Fiddle In short, "Klezmer" is the name now given to the traditional Jewish wedding music, which once flowered for centuries in the Shtetls of Eastern Europe, prior to the virtual destruction of Eastern European Jewish culture in the Holocaust... The actual word "Klezmer" actually is derived from the Yiddish phrase "Vessels of Song" - it therefore refers to the musicians who once played this beautiful music in the lost Shtetls of Eastern Europe. Above all the musical styles which influenced the traditional Klezmer musicians of Eastern Europe, the Romanian influence seems to be the strongest and most enduring. This fact is reflected in the dance forms found throughout the entire surviving Klezmer music repertoire, e.g.
Indonesia Needs the Harmony of the Gamelan Bramantyo Prijosusilo The gamelan orchestra in its different forms is indigenous to many parts of the archipelago and once was so much a part of community life that most villages, in Java at least, would be the loving caretakers of at least one set of instruments. Poor villages had small sets, forged out of iron; wealthy villages had bigger ones, forged of bronze. The best and biggest sets were kept in the palaces. Since the misty past when metal work was considered akin to magic, gamelan sets have been handed down through generations. The sets used in the Sekaten ceremony are venerated not only in the way they are handled, but also in their given names: the Foremost and Venerable Honey Thunder and the Foremost and Venerable Harmonious Dragon. The Javanese of the first Islamic sultanate in Demak pronounced the Arabic word “syahadatain” as “sekaten.” Gamelan instruments cannot really be played solo. Bramantyo Prijosusilo is a writer, organic farmer and broadcast journalist.