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Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that was strongly influenced by traditional mento and calypso music, as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues, and evolved out of the earlier genres ska and rocksteady. Stylistically, reggae incorporates some of the musical elements of rhythm and blues, jazz, mento, calypso, African, and Latin American music, as well as other genres. One of the most easily recognizable elements is offbeat rhythms; staccato chords played by a guitar or piano (or both) on the offbeats of the measure. The tempo of reggae is usually slower than ska and rocksteady.[1] The concept of "call and response" can be found throughout reggae music. Reggae has spread to many countries across the world, often incorporating local instruments and fusing with other genres. Etymology[edit] Related:  Youth subculture in Jamaika, UK and continental Europe 60's-80's

Bob Marley & The Wailers History[edit] Early years[edit] The lineup was known variously as the Teenagers, the Wailing Rudeboys, the Wailing Wailers and finally the Wailers. By 1966 Braithwaite, Kelso and Smith had left the band, which then consisted of the trio Livingston, Marley and Tosh (Neville Livingston being the birth name of Bunny Wailer). Some of the Wailers' most notable songs were recorded with Lee "Scratch" Perry and his studio band the Upsetters. Line-up changes[edit] Livingston believed that producer Chris Blackwell, whom he called "Chris Whiteworst", was responsible for the bad relationship between the band members, as he thought Blackwell released their albums under "Bob Marley and the Wailers" instead of "the Wailers" since 1969, which tested their friendship. Later years[edit] Bob Marley and the Wailers, Peter Tosh, and Bunny Wailer all enjoyed considerable success as reggae music continued to gain popularity during the 1970s and 1980s. Members[edit] Discography[edit] Tours[edit] See also[edit]

Reggae Music 101 - A Quick History By Megan Romer The Beginning: Reggae is a genre that grew out of several other musical styles, including both traditional and contemporary Jamaican music, like ska and mento, as well as American R&B. In the early days of radio, stations were super-high-powered, and several stations from Florida and New Orleans were powerful enough to reach Jamaica, thus the R&B influence. Reggae evolved from these other genres, and really emerged as a unique form in the late 1960s. Characteristics of the "Riddim": Reggae is characterized by a heavy backbeated rhythm, meaning the emphasis of the beat is on, for example, beats 2 and 4, when in 4/4 time. Rastafarianism: Rastafarianism is a religion that is very common among Jamaicans of African descent. continue reading below our video Popularity of Reggae in the United States: Bob Marley was reggae's best-known international ambassador. Marijuana and Reggae: Read More: Why Did Bob Marley Smoke Marijuana? Reggae Language: Reggae's Influence: Reggae Starter CDs:

Bob Marley Bio Introduction The Bob Marley biography provides testament to the unparalleled influence of his artistry upon global culture. Since his passing on May 11, 1981, Bob Marley’s legend looms larger than ever, as evidenced by an ever-lengthening list of accomplishments attributable to his music, which identified oppressors and agitated for social change while simultaneously allowing listeners to forget their troubles and dance. Bob Marley was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994; in December 1999, his 1977 album “Exodus” was named Album of the Century by Time Magazine and his song “One Love” was designated Song of the Millennium by the BBC. Since its release in 1984, Marley’s “Legend” compilation has annually sold over 250,000 copies according to Nielsen Sound Scan, and it is only the 17th album to exceed sales of 10 million copies since SoundScan began its tabulations in 1991. Early Life Bob Marley was born Robert Nesta Marley on February 6, 1945. Early Wailers Era

A History of Reggae Music Jamaica: the mento TM, ®, Copyright © 2003 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. (See Background: The 20th Century) The first Jamaican recording studio opened in 1951 and recorded "mento" music, a fusion of European and African folk dance music. The island was awash in rhythm'n'blues records imported by the so called "sound systems", eccentric traveling dance-halls run by no less eccentric disc-jockeys such as Clement Dodd (the "Downbeat") and Duke Reid (the "Trojan"). The poor people of the Jamaican ghettos, who could not afford to hire a band for their parties, had to content themselves with these "sound systems". In 1954 Ken Khouri started Jamaica's first record label, "Federal Records". Soon the bass became the dominant instrument, and the sound evolved into the "ska". Ska TM, ®, Copyright © 2003 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. (See The Age of Revivals) The Wailers, featuring the young Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and Bunny Livingston, slowed down the beat in Simmer Down (1963). Reggae Dub

Busy Signal Glendale Goshia Gordon (born 24 January 1979), better known by his stage name Busy Signal, is a Jamaican dancehall reggae artist. Biography[edit] Gordon was born in Saint Ann Parish,[2] living in areas in West and East Kingston such as Tivoli Gardens, Papine, and Spanish Town. He was nicknamed Busy Signal by his friends because of the fact that he is constantly busy. The artist announced the introduction of a self-styled clothing line in 2011.[3] On 21 May 2012, Gordon was arrested at the Norman Manley International Airport in Jamaica due to an extradition warrant from the United States.[4] He was extradited to the US on 19 June where he faced cocaine-related charges.[5] In September 2012 he received a six month prison sentence.[6] He was released in November, and promptly released the single "Come Shock Out".[7][8] BBC Music ranked Reggae Music Again #7 on their Top 25 Albums of 2012 listing.[9] Discography[edit] Albums[edit] Singles[edit] Featured in References[edit] External links[edit]

Bob Marley Robert Nesta "Bob" Marley OM (6 February 1945 – 11 May 1981) was a Jamaican reggae singer-songwriter and guitarist who achieved international fame and acclaim.[1][2] Starting out in 1963 with the group the Wailers, he forged a distinctive songwriting and vocal style that would later resonate with audiences worldwide. The Wailers would go on to release some of the earliest reggae records with producer Lee Scratch Perry.[3] After the Wailers disbanded in 1974,[4] Marley pursued a solo career which culminated in the release of the album Exodus in 1977 which established his worldwide reputation.[5] He was a committed Rastafari who infused his music with a profound sense of spirituality.[6] Early life and career Norval Marley Marley and Neville Livingston (later known as Bunny Wailer) had been childhood friends in Nine Mile. Bob Marley and the Wailers 1962–1972: Early years In February 1962, Marley recorded four songs, "Judge Not", "One Cup of Coffee", "Do You Still Love Me?" Illness and death

Peter Tosh – Free listening, concerts, stats, & pictures at Last Peter Tosh | Biography Singer, musician, composer, and rebel Peter Tosh cut a swathe through the Jamaican musical scene, both as a founding member of the Wailers and as a solo artist. He toured with the Rolling Stones and had an international hit with a duet with Mick Jagger, then toured again to equally rapturous world audiences as the headlining act. His words would cause an uproar at the One Peace concert, but then unlike fellow Wailer Bob Marley, Tosh always made his true feelings known. He was born Winston Hubert McIntosh on October 19, 1944, in the small rural village of Grange Hill, Jamaica. Success was immediate; the group's debut single, "Simmer Down," was an instant hit, and the band's career was off and running. With Marley's return, the Wailers departed Studio One and launched their own short-lived Wail'n'Soul'M label. However, in 1971, Tosh made the momentous decision to pursue a true solo career in conjunction with his work with the Wailers.

Sean Paul Sean Paul Ryan Francis Henriques[1] (born January 9, 1973),[2][3] otherwise known as Sean Paul, is a Jamaican Grammy-winning dancehall and reggae artist. Life and career[edit] 1973–1996: Early life[edit] Sean Paul was born in Kingston., Jamaica, to parents Garth and Frances, both of whom were talented athletes. 1998–2000: Stage One[edit] 2001–2004: Dutty Rock[edit] Sean Paul in 2005 2005–2008: The Trinity[edit] 2009–2010: Imperial Blaze[edit] "Imperial Blaze" was released on 18 August 2009. 2011–2012: Tomahawk Technique[edit] Sean Paul is featured in the Simple Plan song "Summer Paradise". In 2012, Sean Paul was asked to team up with electronic artist Congorock and Moombahton artist Stereo Massive to feature vocals on their song "Bless Di Nation", there is an instrumental version also. 2013–present: Full Frequency[edit] Discography[edit] Studio albums Mixtapes The Odyssey Mixtape (2009) Filmography[edit]

Joseph Merrick Joseph Carey Merrick (5 August 1862 – 11 April 1890), sometimes incorrectly referred to as John Merrick, was an English man with severe deformities who was exhibited as a human curiosity named the Elephant Man. He became well known in London society after he went to live at the London Hospital. Merrick was born in Leicester, Leicestershire and began to develop abnormally during the first few years of his life. His skin appeared thick and lumpy, he developed an enlargement of his lips, and a bony lump grew on his forehead. In 1884, after four years in the workhouse, Merrick contacted a showman named Sam Torr and proposed that Torr should exhibit him. In Belgium, Merrick was robbed by his road manager and abandoned in Brussels. Merrick died on 11 April 1890, aged 27. The exact cause of Merrick's deformities is unclear. Early life and family[edit] Merrick photographed in 1889 Employment and the workhouse[edit] — "The Autobiography of Joseph Carey Merrick"[9] Merrick photographed in 1888

Related:  Reggaemusic