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Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that was strongly influenced by traditional mento and calypso music, as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues, and evolved out of the earlier genres ska and rocksteady. Stylistically, reggae incorporates some of the musical elements of rhythm and blues, jazz, mento, calypso, African, and Latin American music, as well as other genres. One of the most easily recognizable elements is offbeat rhythms; staccato chords played by a guitar or piano (or both) on the offbeats of the measure. The tempo of reggae is usually slower than ska and rocksteady.[1] The concept of "call and response" can be found throughout reggae music. Reggae has spread to many countries across the world, often incorporating local instruments and fusing with other genres. Etymology[edit] Related:  Assignment Ethnic Music North America

Reggae Music 101 - A Quick History By Megan Romer The Beginning: Reggae is a genre that grew out of several other musical styles, including both traditional and contemporary Jamaican music, like ska and mento, as well as American R&B. In the early days of radio, stations were super-high-powered, and several stations from Florida and New Orleans were powerful enough to reach Jamaica, thus the R&B influence. Reggae evolved from these other genres, and really emerged as a unique form in the late 1960s. Characteristics of the "Riddim": Reggae is characterized by a heavy backbeated rhythm, meaning the emphasis of the beat is on, for example, beats 2 and 4, when in 4/4 time. Rastafarianism: Rastafarianism is a religion that is very common among Jamaicans of African descent. continue reading below our video Popularity of Reggae in the United States: Bob Marley was reggae's best-known international ambassador. Marijuana and Reggae: Read More: Why Did Bob Marley Smoke Marijuana? Reggae Language: Reggae's Influence: Reggae Starter CDs:

Native American music and culture Music plays an integral role in the daily life of Native Americans. Music plays an integral role in the life of Native Americans. It is used for ceremonial purposes, recreation, expression, and healing. There are many different instruments used when making Native American music, including drums, flutes, and other percussion instruments. Perhaps the most important element of their music is the voice. Vocals are the backbone of the music made in Native American cultures. Many researchers feel that Native American music is some of the most complex ever performed. Related Stories: Native American Music Share This Page with Your Friends

A History of Reggae Music Jamaica: the mento TM, ®, Copyright © 2003 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. (See Background: The 20th Century) The first Jamaican recording studio opened in 1951 and recorded "mento" music, a fusion of European and African folk dance music. The island was awash in rhythm'n'blues records imported by the so called "sound systems", eccentric traveling dance-halls run by no less eccentric disc-jockeys such as Clement Dodd (the "Downbeat") and Duke Reid (the "Trojan"). The poor people of the Jamaican ghettos, who could not afford to hire a band for their parties, had to content themselves with these "sound systems". In 1954 Ken Khouri started Jamaica's first record label, "Federal Records". Soon the bass became the dominant instrument, and the sound evolved into the "ska". Ska TM, ®, Copyright © 2003 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. (See The Age of Revivals) The Wailers, featuring the young Bob Marley, Peter Tosh and Bunny Livingston, slowed down the beat in Simmer Down (1963). Reggae Dub

Busy Signal Glendale Goshia Gordon (born 24 January 1979), better known by his stage name Busy Signal, is a Jamaican dancehall reggae artist. Biography[edit] Gordon was born in Saint Ann Parish,[2] living in areas in West and East Kingston such as Tivoli Gardens, Papine, and Spanish Town. He was nicknamed Busy Signal by his friends because of the fact that he is constantly busy. The artist announced the introduction of a self-styled clothing line in 2011.[3] On 21 May 2012, Gordon was arrested at the Norman Manley International Airport in Jamaica due to an extradition warrant from the United States.[4] He was extradited to the US on 19 June where he faced cocaine-related charges.[5] In September 2012 he received a six month prison sentence.[6] He was released in November, and promptly released the single "Come Shock Out".[7][8] BBC Music ranked Reggae Music Again #7 on their Top 25 Albums of 2012 listing.[9] Discography[edit] Albums[edit] Singles[edit] Featured in References[edit] External links[edit]

Native American Music Styles Rose Ann Abrahamson (Lemhi-Shoshone) Women's Traditional Dancer from the book People of the Circle Michael Roberts (Choctaw-Chickasaw) Men's Fancy Dancer from the book Powwow - Photographs by Ben Marra © Ben Marra 1996 Andrea "Sissy" Gopher (Chippewa/Cree/Jemez Pueblo) Jingle Dancer from the book People of the Circle Derwin Velarde (Jicarilla Apache) Men's Traditional Dancer from the book Powwow - Photographs by Ben Marra © Ben Marra 1996 William Moore (Prairie Band Potawatomi) Men's Straight Dancer from the book Powwow - Photographs by Ben Marra © Ben Marra 1996 Native American Music Styles There are many different styles of Native American music. This is the music typically heard at powwows. Northern Style A Northern Style drum is a drum group which sings in the style of the Northern Plains tribes such as the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, Crow, Blackfeet and Cree. Southern Style A Southern Style drum sings in the style of the Southern Plains tribes such as the Ponca and Kiowa. And More...

Peter Tosh – Free listening, concerts, stats, & pictures at Last Native American music Characteristics[edit] Singing and percussion are the most important aspects of traditional Native American music. Vocalization takes many forms, ranging from solo and choral song to responsorial, unison and multipart singing. Percussion, especially drums and rattles, are common accompaniment to keep the rhythm steady for the singers, who generally use their native language or non-lexical vocables (nonsense syllables). Traditional music usually begins with slow and steady beats that grow gradually faster and more emphatic, while various flourishes like drum and rattle tremolos, shouts and accented patterns add variety and signal changes in performance for singers and dancers.[1] Song texts and sources[edit] Native American song texts include both public pieces and secret songs, said to be "ancient and unchanging", which are used only for sacred and ceremonial purposes. Societal role[edit] The styles and purposes of music vary greatly between and among each Native American tribe.

Sean Paul Sean Paul Ryan Francis Henriques[1] (born January 9, 1973),[2][3] otherwise known as Sean Paul, is a Jamaican Grammy-winning dancehall and reggae artist. Life and career[edit] 1973–1996: Early life[edit] Sean Paul was born in Kingston., Jamaica, to parents Garth and Frances, both of whom were talented athletes. 1998–2000: Stage One[edit] 2001–2004: Dutty Rock[edit] Sean Paul in 2005 2005–2008: The Trinity[edit] 2009–2010: Imperial Blaze[edit] "Imperial Blaze" was released on 18 August 2009. 2011–2012: Tomahawk Technique[edit] Sean Paul is featured in the Simple Plan song "Summer Paradise". In 2012, Sean Paul was asked to team up with electronic artist Congorock and Moombahton artist Stereo Massive to feature vocals on their song "Bless Di Nation", there is an instrumental version also. 2013–present: Full Frequency[edit] Discography[edit] Studio albums Mixtapes The Odyssey Mixtape (2009) Filmography[edit]

Joseph Merrick Joseph Carey Merrick (5 August 1862 – 11 April 1890), sometimes incorrectly referred to as John Merrick, was an English man with severe deformities who was exhibited as a human curiosity named the Elephant Man. He became well known in London society after he went to live at the London Hospital. Merrick was born in Leicester, Leicestershire and began to develop abnormally during the first few years of his life. His skin appeared thick and lumpy, he developed an enlargement of his lips, and a bony lump grew on his forehead. In 1884, after four years in the workhouse, Merrick contacted a showman named Sam Torr and proposed that Torr should exhibit him. In Belgium, Merrick was robbed by his road manager and abandoned in Brussels. Merrick died on 11 April 1890, aged 27. The exact cause of Merrick's deformities is unclear. Early life and family[edit] Merrick photographed in 1889 Employment and the workhouse[edit] — "The Autobiography of Joseph Carey Merrick"[9] Merrick photographed in 1888

The History of Salsa Music By Tijana Ilich Updated September 11, 2016. Salsa is a word that inspires an instant reaction in Latin music lovers everywhere. It is the rhythm, the dance, the musical excitement that sends millions of normally sedate non-Latinos to the dance floor where they meet their Latin neighbors, who are too busy enjoying the music to notice. Birthplace of Salsa There’s a lot of debate about the place where salsa was born. But there’s little doubt that if salsa had a passport, the date of birth would be the 1960s and stamped under place of birth would be New York, New York. Evolution of Salsa Between 1930 and 1960 there were musicians from Cuba, Puerto Rico, Mexico and South America coming to New York to perform. continue reading below our video They brought their own native rhythms and musical forms with them, but as they listened to each other and played music together, the musical influences mixed, fused and evolved. Of course, this musical hybridization was not a one-way street. The Name ‘Salsa’

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