Oi! Oi! is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s. The music and its associated subculture had the goal of bringing together punks, skinheads and other working-class youth.  History The prevalent ideology of the original Oi! movement was a rough brand of working-class rebellion. The white power skinhead movement had developed its own music genre called Rock Against Communism (RAC), which had musical and aesthetic similarities to Oi! played an important symbolic role in the politicization of the skinhead subculture. Garry Bushell, a music journalist who promoted the Oi! The mainstream media increased its claims that Oi! In the aftermath of that riot, many Oi! See also References External links oioimusic.com Weekly updated site with interviews and reviewsEurope Punk - Music for social change, not profit.Oi!
Punk Rock (play) In the library of a grammar school, seven sixth-formers are preparing for their mock-A Levels and nearing the end of their school lives. There are various sub-plots detailing the various love lines or triangles that emerge through the play. Some critics have criticised Stephens for unoriginality, however. Punk Rock inspired Identity Crisis, a drama and philosophy project, exploring the play's themes with young people in London and Manchester. Punk Rock is frequently used in Drama education in sixth form in England, as well as a few other places around the world. Punk rock subgenres A number of overlapping punk rock subgenres have developed since the emergence of punk rock (often shortened to punk) in the mid-1970s. Even though punk genres at times are difficult to segregate, they usually show differing characteristics in overall structures, instrumental and vocal styles, and tempo. However, sometimes a particular trait is common in several genres, and thus punk genres are normally grouped by a combination of traits. Anarcho punk Main article: Anarcho-punk Christian punk Main article: Christian punk Crust punk Garage punk Main article: Garage punk Garage punk is punk rock heavily influenced by garage rock. Glam punk Glam punk (also called glitter punk) fuses elements of punk rock and glam rock, commonly reflected in image. Hardcore punk Main article: Hardcore punk Horror punk Main article: Horror punk Nazi punk Nazi punk is punk rock that promotes neo-Nazism. Noise rock Oi! Queercore Riot Grrrl Skate punk 
Ska Etymology There are different theories about the origins of the word ska. Ernest Ranglin claimed that the term was coined by musicians to refer to the "skat! skat! skat!" History Byron Lee & the Dragonaires performed ska with Prince Buster, Eric "Monty" Morris, and Jimmy Cliff at the 1964 New York World's Fair. 2 Tone Third wave  Third wave ska originated in the 1980s and became commercially successful in the 1990s. United States The mid-1990s saw a considerable rise in ska music's underground popularity, marked by the formation of many ska-based record labels, booking organizations and indie zines. By the late 1990s, mainstream interest in third wave ska bands waned as other music genres gained momentum. Moon Ska Records folded in 2000, but Moon Ska Europe, a licensed affiliate based in Europe, continued operating in the 2000s and was later relaunched as Moon Ska World. United Kingdom Germany, Australia, Japan and South America
Punk Rock at Birmingham Repertory Theatre William Carlisle. The world at his feet. Its weight on his shoulders. Intelligent. Articulate. F***ed. As the end of term approaches, a group of sixth-formers prepare themselves for the end of their school lives. A raw young cast expose the violence simmering under the surface of achieving success in a blistering new play by Simon Stephens, writer of Pornography and the Olivier Award-winning On The Shore Of The Wide World. PUNK ROCK is written by Simon Stephens, one of the UK’s most exciting playwrights. Listen to Mark Lawson’s interview with Simon Stephens on BBC Radio 4’s FRONT ROW
Timeline of punk rock This is a timeline of punk rock, from its beginnings in the early 1960s to the present time. Bands or albums listed before 1974 are of diverse genres and are retrospectively called "protopunk". Over the years 1974 and 1975, the scene emerged that developed into punk, and it had acquired this name by the start of 1976. Protopunk 1960s 1960 1962 1963 1964 Albums 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970s 1970 Early punk 1971 1972 1973 1974 Events Television and Ramones start performing at CBGB. 1975 Punk rock 1976 1977 1978 1979 Events Sid Vicious, Sex Pistols bassist, dies of a heroin overdose at age 21.Nina Hagen creates a media uproar after appearance on Austrian talk-show Club 2 discussing female orgasm and simulating masturbation.John Foxx left Ultravox for solo career early in the year, and replaced by ex-Rich Kids Midge Ure.Ramones star in the movie Rock and Roll High School.
The Clash The Clash's politicised lyrics, musical experimentation, promotion of DIY ethics and rebellious attitude had a far-reaching influence on rock, alternative rock in particular. They became widely referred to as "The Only Band That Matters", originally a promotional slogan introduced by the group's record label, CBS. In January 2003, the band—including original drummer Terry Chimes—were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked the Clash number 28 on their list of the 100 greatest artists of all time. History Origins: 1974–76 The act was still searching for a lead singer. "so I went out in the crowd which was fairly sparse. On 30 May, Rhodes and Levene met surreptitiously with Strummer after a 101'ers gig. Early gigs and the growing scene: 1976 With Rhodes insisting that the band not perform live again until they were much tighter, the Clash rehearsed intensely over the following month. Punk outbreak and UK fame: 1977–79
Simon Stephens Simon Stephens (born Manchester, 6 February 1971) is an award-winning English playwright. Having taught on the Young Writers' Programme at the Royal Court Theatre for many years, he is now an Artistic Associate at the Lyric Hammersmith. His writing is characterised as part of the in-yer-face generation and is widely performed not only in the UK but also throughout Europe, with several of his plays being premiered abroad. Along with Dennis Kelly, he is one of the most performed English-language writers in Germany. Life Originally from Stockport, Greater Manchester, Stephens graduated from the University of York with a degree in History. He was a member of Scottish art punk band Country Teasers. He lives in London with his wife and three children. Plays Awards References
Sex Pistols The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band that formed in London in 1975. They were responsible for initiating the punk movement in the United Kingdom and inspiring many later punk and alternative rock musicians. Although their original career lasted just two-and-a-half years and produced only four singles and one studio album, Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols, they are regarded as one of the most influential acts in the history of popular music. In January 1978, at the end of a turbulent tour of the United States, Rotten left the Sex Pistols and announced its break-up. Over the next several months, the three other band members recorded songs for McLaren's film version of the Sex Pistols' story, The Great Rock 'n' Roll Swindle. Vicious died of a heroin overdose in February 1979. History Origins and early days The group had been rehearsing regularly, overseen by McLaren's friend Bernard Rhodes, and had performed publicly for the first time.
Stockport; History of the punk subculture The history of the punk subculture involves the history of punk rock, ideology, fashion, visual art, literature, dance, and film. Since emerging in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia in the mid-1970s, the punk subculture has spread around the globe and evolved into a number of different forms. The history of punk plays important part in the history of subcultures in the 20th century. Two UK punks in the 1980s Antecedents and influences Several precursors to the punk subculture had varying degrees of influence on that culture. Art and philosophy A number of philosophical and artistic movements were influences on and precursors to the punk movement. A Sex Pistols poster Literature and film Various writers, books, and literary movements were important to the formation of the punk subculture. Music Punk rock has a variety of origins. Earlier subcultures Origins Patti Smith in 1978 New York City London
the characters in punk rock are so miss matched, so why stay together? Skinhead Eventually, political affiliations grew in significance for the skinhead subculture, and now the political spectrum within the subculture spans from far right to far left, although many skinheads describe themselves as apolitical. Contemporary skinhead fashions range from clean-cut 1960s mod-influenced styles to less-strict punk- and hardcore-influenced styles. History Mods of lesser means made do with practical clothing styles that suited their lifestyle and employment circumstances: work boots or army boots, straight-leg jeans or Sta-Prest trousers, button-down shirts, and braces (called suspenders in North America). When possible, these working class mods spent their money on suits and other sharp outfits to wear at dancehalls, where they enjoyed soul, ska, bluebeat and rocksteady music. Eventually different interpretations of the skinhead subculture expanded beyond Britain and continental Europe. Style A current day skinhead. Female skinheads. Hair