Communities ensure their own livelihood

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All-Women Self-Defense Militia In Guerrero, Mexico Says They Are Capable Of Defending Their Town Against Drug War Violence. More than 100 women from the town of Xaltianguis, about 30 miles from the resort of Acapulco in Mexico's southern state of Guerrero, have taken up arms against organized crime in their town forming all-women regiments in a local community self-defense group known as the Union of Organized Peoples of the State of Guerrero (UPOEG).

All-Women Self-Defense Militia In Guerrero, Mexico Says They Are Capable Of Defending Their Town Against Drug War Violence

On Sunday, the women put on their new citizen-police uniforms and gathered in their town's plaza, where they took an oath to defend their community. Miguel Ángel Jiménez Blanco, the commander of the community police in Xaltianguis, told Animal Politico that the women have undergone training on how to handle the 80 or so firearms which the self-defense patrols rotate among themselves. Jiménez Blanco said that the women had made the decision to join the UPOEG within the last four days.

Intentional community. Characteristics[edit] Purpose[edit] The purposes of intentional communities vary in different communities.

Intentional community

They may include sharing resources, creating family-oriented neighborhoods and living ecologically sustainable lifestyles (ecovillages). Many intentional communities focus on the importance of living and sharing life together, as opposed to the perceived trend of independence in Western culture. Local food. Local food or the local food movement is a "collaborative effort to build more locally based, self-reliant food economies - one in which sustainable food production, processing, distribution, and consumption is integrated to enhance the economic, environmental and social health of a particular place.

Local food

"[1] It is not solely a geographical concept. A United States Department of Agriculture publication explains local food as "related to the distance between food producers and consumers," as well as "defined in terms of social and supply chain characteristics. Local food systems[edit] Local food system diagram. Agroecology. Agroecology is the study of ecological processes that operate in agricultural production systems.

Agroecology

The prefix agro- refers to agriculture. Bringing ecological principles to bear in agroecosystems can suggest novel management approaches that would not otherwise be considered. Permaculture. Permaculture is a branch of ecological design, ecological engineering, environmental design, construction and integrated water resources management that develops sustainable architecture, regenerative and self-maintained habitat and agricultural systems modeled from natural ecosystems.[1][2] The term permaculture (as a systematic method) was first coined by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978.

Permaculture

The word permaculture originally referred to "permanent agriculture" [3] but was expanded to stand also for "permanent culture," as it was seen that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system as inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka's natural farming philosophy. Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system. History[edit] Bioregionalism. Bioregionalism is a political, cultural, and ecological system or set of views based on naturally defined areas called bioregions, similar to ecoregions. Bioregions are defined through physical and environmental features, including watershed boundaries and soil and terrain characteristics. Bioregionalism stresses that the determination of a bioregion is also a cultural phenomenon, and emphasizes local populations, knowledge, and solutions.[1] Overview[edit] The bioregionalist perspective opposes a homogeneous economy and consumer culture with its lack of stewardship towards the environment.

Cogeneration. Trigeneration cycle.

Cogeneration

Resource management. In organizational studies, resource management is the efficient and effective deployment of an organization's resources when they are needed. Such resources may include financial resources, inventory, human skills, production resources, or information technology (IT). In the realm of project management, processes, techniques and philosophies as to the best approach for allocating resources have been developed. These include discussions on functional vs. cross-functional resource allocation as well as processes espoused by organizations like the Project Management Institute (PMI) through their Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) methodology of project management.

Asset-based community development. Asset-based community development (ABCD) is a methodology that seeks to uncover and use the strengths within communities as a means for sustainable development.

Asset-based community development

The first step in the process of community development is to assess the resources of a community through a capacity inventory [1] or through another process of talking to the residents to determine what types of skills and experience are available. The next step is to support communities, to discover what they care enough about to act. The final step is to determine how citizens can act together to achieve those goals.[1] Basis of the Idea[edit] The Asset-Based Community Development Institute[2] is located at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. Asset management. Infrastructure asset management[edit] Infrastructure asset management is the combination of management, financial, economic, engineering, and other practices applied to physical assets with the objective of providing the required level of service in the most cost-effective manner.

Asset management

It includes the management of the whole life cycle (design, construction, commissioning, operating, maintaining, repairing, modifying, replacing and decommissioning/disposal) of physical and infrastructure assets.[1] Operating and sustainment of assets in a constrained budget environment require some sort of prioritization scheme. Historical background of asset management[edit] Civilization has always relied on its technological assets to support key functions like transport, public health, business, and commerce. There is a clear link between the provision and sophistication of technological assets and our modern lifestyle. Self-sufficiency.

Self-sufficiency (also called self-containment) is the state of not requiring any aid, support, or interaction, for survival; it is therefore a type of personal or collective autonomy.

Self-sufficiency

On a national scale, a totally self-sufficient economy that does not trade with the outside world is called an autarky. Self-sustainability. A system is self-sustaining (or self-sufficient) if it can maintain itself by independent effort.

Self-sustainability

The system self-sustainability is: the degree at which the system can sustain itself without external supportthe fraction of time in which the system is self-sustaining. Resilience (organizational) Autonomy. Autonomy (Ancient Greek: αὐτονομία autonomia from αὐτόνομος autonomos from αὐτο- auto- "self" and νόμος nomos, "law", hence when combined understood to mean "one who gives oneself one's own law") is a concept found in moral, political, and bioethical philosophy.

Within these contexts, it is the capacity of a rational individual to make an informed, un-coerced decision. In moral and political philosophy, autonomy is often used as the basis for determining moral responsibility and accountability for one's actions. One of the best known philosophical theories of autonomy was developed by Kant. Empowerment. Empowerment refers to increasing the economic, political, social, educational, gender, or spiritual strength of individuals and communities. Definitions[edit] The term covers a vast landscape of meanings, interpretations, definitions and disciplines ranging from psychology and philosophy to the highly commercialized self-help industry and motivational sciences.

"Marginalized" refers to the overt or covert trends within societies whereby those perceived as lacking desirable traits or deviating from the group norms tend to be excluded by wider society and ostracized as undesirables. Sometimes groups are marginalized by society at large, but governments are often unwitting or enthusiastic participants. This Act made it illegal to restrict access to schools and public places based on race.