What restoration ecology could learn from art conservation. It is our sad lot that we love perishable things: our friends, our parents, our mentors, our partners, our pets.
Our vision and strategy. We face a planetary emergency.
Our future depends on the natural world, but we are not combating our own destructive impact on the planet. Earth is now changing fast under the influence of human behaviour. How a rare plant provided clues to restoring a degraded ecosystem. Dr.
Matthew Albrecht is an associate scientist in conservation biology in the Center for Conservation and Sustainable Development at Missouri Botanical Garden. He describes the ecology of the endangered Pyne’s ground-plum (Astragalus bibullatus). Formed from the fossilized remains of an ancient tropical sea, the Nashville Basin encompasses the geographic center of Tennessee, stretching north to southern Kentucky and south to northern Alabama. Celebrated by some as the “home of country music,” many of us prefer to revel in the region’s unique flora and fauna associated with the globally rare limestone glades, or limestone cedar glades. Here, thin, rocky soils interspersed with flat, exposed limestone bedrock support sun-loving herbaceous plants adapted to the scorching temperatures and parched soils of summer followed by near-permanently saturated soils in winter.
Why are Pyne’s ground-plum and a few other endemics and disjuncts so rare? To dig a bit deeper in time, my colleague, Dr. Veld And Flora Dec 2020 - The Botanical Society of South Africa. DECADAL VISION 2020 FINAL sm. National Tropical Botanical Garden. Dr.
Dave Lorence, NTBG Senior Research Botanist The United Nations has declared 2020 as the International Year of Plant Health. In recognition of this timely and timeless theme, and with the understanding that the health that all life on this planet is dependent on plant health, David Lorence discusses how NTBG contributes to protecting and advancing plant health. Protecting plant health can help alleviate hunger, reduce poverty, safeguard the environment, and boost economic development.
However, protecting plant health depends on correctly identifying and naming plant species. Donate to our Healthy Plants, Healthy Planet campaign today! Help NTBG preserve biodiversity and plant health for future generations. In Appalachia, a Plan to Save Wild Ginseng. Convention on Biological Diversity. The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) with its 16 outcome-orientated targets aimed at achieving a series of measurable goals by 2010, was originally adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at its sixth meeting (COP-6) in 2002.
The Strategy developed from a call from the botanical community to enhance measures to ensure the protection of plants, as the basis of all life on earth and the building blocks of all terrestrial ecosystems. A wide range of stakeholders, including CBD Parties and representatives of the botanical community were engaged in developing the Strategy, which acknowledged the need to support all aspects of plant conservation, from information generation and sharing, through conservation and sustainable use of wild plants and crop genetic resources, to capacity building, education and public awareness.
The GSPC has played a pivotal role in ensuring significant progress in plant conservation in recent years. How Many Plants Have We Wiped Out? Here Are 5 Extinction Stories. It isn’t easy to say that anything has truly “gone extinct.”
For starters, an untold number of creatures — especially teensy, nocturnal or otherwise cryptic ones — have vanished before humans ever noticed them. Once biologists suspect a documented species’ extinction, the challenge shifts to proving whether it has disappeared forever, or just disappeared from sight. Protecting and sustainably using the world’s plants and fungi: PLANTS, PEOPLE, PLANET: Vol 2, No 5. Botanists unearth new ‘vampire plant’ in UK carpark. 'Rarest fern in Europe' discovered in Ireland. Europe’s rarest fern has been discovered in Killarney, Ireland, leaving botanists baffled over how it remained undetected for so long.
The neotropical fern, Stenogrammitis myosuroides, has only ever previously been found in the mountainous cloud forests of Jamaica, Cuba and the Dominican Republic – more than 4,000 miles across the Atlantic. Rory Hodd, an Ireland-based botanist who spotted the tiny plant in a remote upland valley far from the nearest road, said: “It’s rare to discover a new native plant species in Britain and Ireland – one that we think arrived ‘under its own steam’, not imported by humans – but it’s frankly amazing to discover a genus that’s completely new to Europe.” Bending the curve of biodiversity loss. Plant and animal species around the world are steadily disappearing due to human activity.
A major new IIASA-led study suggests that without ambitious, integrated action combining conservation and restoration efforts with a transformation of the food system, turning the tide of biodiversity by 2050 or earlier will not be possible. Biodiversity, the variety and abundance of species, along with the extent and quality of the ecosystems they call home, have been declining at an alarming rate for many years. It is clear that we cannot allow the current trend to continue. If it does, there will simply not be enough nature left to support future generations. While ambitious targets have been proposed, practical issues such as feeding the Earth's growing human population could make reaching such targets a challenge. Bold conservation and restoration efforts, together with increased management effectiveness, will have to be stepped up rapidly.
Prince Charles backs campaign to encourage people to learn about plants amid UK biodiversity decline. The Prince of Wales has taken part in a campaign encouraging people in Britain to learn more about plants.
Charles planted a hydrangea at his Birkhall home in Aberdeenshire as part of the MillionPlantingMoments initiative from the Horticultural Trades Association, which aims to promote the physical and mental health benefits of gardening as well as the contribution it makes to the environment and communities. People are encouraged to visit their garden centre to find the best plants for their space and share their gardening work on social media. The i newsletter latest news and analysis The campaign has been running since Saturday and concludes this Sunday. Decline. The Society for Conservation Biology. Introduction Herbarium specimens are increasingly highlighted as an important resource in conservation science.
Each specimen is evidence of the presence of a species at a particular location and time. When accurately identified and interpreted, specimens provide baseline information about the distribution of individual plant species and often the assemblage of species occurring at a location. Although most herbaria were established, developed, and curated with taxonomy and systematics as primary motivations, their potential for use in conservation has been recognized for decades, and recently the range of documented conservation uses for specimens has grown rapidly (Lavoie 2013; Greve et al. 2016; Nualart et al. 2017).
The central role of herbarium data in evaluating extinction risk in plants is well‐defined (Willis et al. 2003), documented (e.g., Rivers et al. 2010), and tested (Rivers et al. 2011). Methods Literature Review. Is it time to reassess our relationship with nature? - BBC Ideas. Caron Watercolours Thread. Inequality in plant diversity knowledge and unrecorded plant extinctions: An example from the grasses of Madagascar - Vorontsova - A recent global review of modern plant extinction by Humphreys, Govaerts, Ficinski, Nic Lughadha, and Vorontsova (2019) showed that of all species declared extinct, 431 have subsequently been rediscovered, with 571 still presumed extinct.
Many of their findings confirmed expectations: plants on islands and from the wet tropics, woody perennials, and those that are range‐restricted (i.e., known only from a single TDWG level 3 area fide Brummitt, 2001, hereafter referred to as “regions”) have a greater likelihood of being recorded as extinct and are less likely to be rediscovered. Re‐plotting the extinction data from Humphreys et al. (2019) as regional proportions reveals that less than 1% of most regional floras has been recorded as globally extinct (Figure 1a).
Declarations of both extinction and rediscovery are subject to judgment by local flora specialists (see Humphreys, Vorontsova, Govaerts, & Nic Lughadha, 2020). Accidental countryside: why nature thrives in unlikely places. With its trees still naked after winter, Lordship Road in the London borough of Hackney is an urban vista of asphalt, brick and concrete. Heading north, a pair of tower blocks loom from the horizon. Pounding its pavements to the soundtrack of vans accelerating between speed bumps, it’s hard to imagine that behind the barbed-wire-topped fence on my right, obscured by a tall, grassy bank, lies a nature reserve that is more biodiverse than much of what we consider the real countryside.
As soon as you enter Woodberry wetlands, the soundtrack changes to an enthusiastic avian choir. The high-pitched honks of the coots that live year round on this drinking-water reservoir punctuate the shrill chatter and song of robins, blackbirds, dunnocks, greenfinches, parakeets, wrens, warblers, tits (great, long-tailed and blue) and many more. The important challenge of quantifying tropical diversity. The far-reaching impacts that our human species is having on the Earth’s ecosystems have led scientists to call the present era the Anthropocene. There can be no doubt that the world’s biodiversity is under unprecedented threat. Species extinctions make headline news, while natural communities are being reorganized at a rate that far exceeds historical baselines . Yet, despite growing concern about the fate of the biosphere, substantial knowledge gaps with respect to the distribution and status of species remain.
Discovering Biodiversity: A decadal plan for taxonomy and biosystematics in Australia and New Zealand 2018–2027. The Biodiversity Informatics Landscape. Article metadata Introduction Methodology Results Discussion Next steps Annex 1. Endangered Plants Map. Whether you’re planning to grow a beard to flaunt with flannels or protect your face from the soon-to-be crisp breeze, one thing’s for sure—you have plenty of options when it comes to choosing what it’ll look like.
To give you an idea of what’s en vogue in your area, take a look at The Black Tux’s map of the most popular beard styles across the nation. The breakdown is based on Google Trends data, which shows which style of facial hair is most often searched for in each state. And it’s not strictly beards: you can also find your favorite mustaches in the results. Now, just because hordes of people happen to be Googling the Fu Manchu mustache in Ohio and Pennsylvania doesn’t necessarily mean that all (or even many) of those people actually end up growing one, but we dearly hope that they do.
Bafflingly, Californians don’t go for the so-called Hollywoodian as much as they go for a good chin curtain beard, while Texans do choose it above all others. Local Eco Knl in France. Accurate estimation of biodiversity is now possible on a global scale. We know remarkably little about the diversity of life on Earth, which makes it hard to know with any certainty whether we're succeeding in our efforts to conserve it.
Vital Signs. Why Ecology Needs Natural History. This Article From Issue September-October 2017. Google Agenda. Infographic: Kew Gardens has mapped the global threats to flora. Click the image above to explore the graphic above in more detail. The power of plants to fight climate change. Plant life 'expanding over the Himalayas' Image copyright Karen Anderson. Conservation Optimism. B-Lines. Why do we need action? Tools for Multispecies Futures · Journal of Design and Science. What tools do we need to move towards a more equitable, sustainable future for all people, species, and ecosystems?
What stories do we need to tell and hear? Donna Haraway is a Distinguished Professor Emerita in the History of Consciousness Department and Feminist Studies Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and is a leading theorist in Science and Technology Studies. Visualising global biodiversity data on a local scale. Building mountain biodiversity: Geological and evolutionary processes. Abstract. Addressing Legal Issues Involved in Digitized Collections: The Nagoya Protocol as a Test Case – Biodiversity Collections Network. BCoN organized a workshop held at Harvard University in March 2018 to address legal concerns associated with digitized collections and mitigating these issues using digital means.
Participants with practical knowledge of how biological collections should manage legal issues in regards to changing policy, utilizing cyberinfrastructure, and advising stakeholders used compliance with the Nagoya Protocol as a test case to investigate how U.S. institutions must respond to the need for increased transparency of their biodiversity collections and the required digital tracking. Below, are links to the workshop agenda, abstracts, and discussion results. World’s largest plant survey reveals alarming extinction rate. The commonness of rarity: Global and future distribution of rarity across land plants. How to Make a Weed: The Saga of the Slender False Brome Invasion in the North American West and Lessons for the Future. Biodiversity on International Borders Requires Solid Inventories. Queer Ecologies: Ballast Plants in the New World. ‘Frightening’ number of plant extinctions found in global survey.
A diversity of soil biodiversity maps – Agricultural Biodiversity Weblog. Nature's emergency: Where we are in five graphics. Biodiversity thrives in Ethiopia’s church forests. Biodiversity synthesis across the green branches of the tree of life. The battle for the soul of biodiversity.
Why meadows matter. American Farmland's Massive Shift Away From Diversity. Sacred sites have a biodiversity advantage that could help world conservation. Interest is growing in prairie restoration in Illinois and surrounding states. Plants played bigger role than megavores in early human history. The 8 Million Species We Don’t Know: E.O. Wilson. Botanists in the 21st Century. Where are new species found? « Botany One. Sandsage Prairie Survey. Biodiversity isn't just pretty: it future-proofs our world. Increasing capacity to conserve the British Virgin Islands (BVI) Flora.
Exploring the Nature Pyramid - The Nature of Cities. State of the World's Plants 2017. State of the World's Plants. Strategies and guidelines for scholarly publishing of biodiversity data. Seeds in motion – Agricultural Biodiversity. The Shenzhen Declaration on Plant Sciences. A new estimate of biodiversity on Earth. Biological Field Stations as Repositories of Biodiversity Data. Why Ecology Needs Natural History. Invasive Plant Species Can Enhance Coastal Ecosystems. Vavilov Pleasures of Biodiversity: ref 2017.
Consequences of pollinator gardens for urban native plants: is the road to extinction paved with good intentions? Characterisation of false-positive observations in botanical surveys. How Mining Impacted the Midwestern Grasslands. North West Rare Plant Initiative. UK's rarest plants are at risk of extinction. Ireland's planning and conservation: tech boost from the National Biodiversity Data Centre and Compass Informatics. All-Ireland Pollinator Plan - Biodiversity Ireland. Biodiversity Indicators 2017 report published - Biodiversity Ireland. Spring Flowers - Biodiversity Ireland. Ethiopia: Where the churches are forests, too. Putting Tropical Important Plant Areas on the map. Why we shouldn’t take seeds for granted. Twenty-two new plants being found every year in Eastern Himalayas.
Assessing Ecological Value of Landscapes Beyond Protected Areas. Assessment of Non-Native Plants. Plants are our lifeline – but we’re letting them die. Our Vanishing Flowers. Secrets of the Celtic Rainforest. Global exchange and accumulation of non-native plants. Natural History Network. The Natural History Initiative. Institute for Regional Conservation.