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The Last White Africans. NPR : South Africa, 10 Years Later. THE MATRIARCHS OF MTHATHA. Eastern Cape, South Africa - Across the hills of the Eastern Cape, goats and cows graze between traditional isiXhosa huts.

THE MATRIARCHS OF MTHATHA

Overhead, grey clouds threaten to break the heavy humidity that hangs over this community. Nearly 20 women have gathered at a rural community centre to share their stories. They all have a similar theme: how they became breadwinners and parents to their grandchildren in their old age. The Eastern Cape is the birthplace of South African heroes such as Nelson Mandela, Steve Biko, Walter Sisulu and Thabo Mbeki, and yet, remains one of the poorest regions in the country.

We, as women of this area, took a decision to support one another - Nozukhile Hadi. Long Night's Journey Into Day.Documentary 2000. Primary Sources - HIST 3377: History of South Africa - Library Research Help at Southern Methodist University. The return of South Africa's Black Christ. One of South Africa's most controversial paintings has gone on display more than 40 years after it was banned by the apartheid government.

The return of South Africa's Black Christ

The Black Christ depicts former African National Congress leader Chief Albert Luthuli being crucified by former Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd and his Justice Minister John Vorster. Nelson Mandela's First TV Interview, May 1961 - Alexis C. Madrigal. The year was 1961.

Nelson Mandela's First TV Interview, May 1961 - Alexis C. Madrigal

Nelson Mandela was already a wanted man. Apartheid would not end for 33 years. Mandela would not be removed from the U.S. terrorist watch list for 47 years. IB: Rights and Protest, Apartheid. South Africa Up series. BBC World Service - The Documentary, The Forgotten Prisoners of Apartheid. BBC World Service - Witness, South Africa's 1985 State of Emergency. DIGITAL INNOVATION SOUTH AFRICA. South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid. Story of cities #19: Johannesburg's apartheid purge of vibrant Sophiatown.

The bulldozers arrived in Sophiatown at five o’clock on the morning of 9 February, 1955.

Story of cities #19: Johannesburg's apartheid purge of vibrant Sophiatown

Behind them in the darkness, police commanders lined up with piles of paper – lists of names and addresses, eviction notices, and assignments to new plots in the Meadowlands suburb, 15 kilometres away on the northern edge of Soweto. Behind the commanders, an army of 2,000 police carried rifles and batons, ready to enforce the eviction and clear Sophiatown of its black residents.

“Maak julle oop!” They shouted in Afrikaans. South Africa's housing crisis: A remnant of apartheid - News from Al Jazeera. Songeziwe Nqoshela, 28, has no alternative but to sleep on the floor of the cramped single-bedded hostel room she shares with her parents, two sisters and son in Cape Town's suburban township of Langa.

South Africa's housing crisis: A remnant of apartheid - News from Al Jazeera

The local authorities recently fixed a row of damaged toilets that had been abandoned inside a neighbouring building and which are used by the hostel's residents, but failed to fit doors, leaving those using them exposed to passers-by. In a quest for privacy, Songeziwe says locals recycled old doors and painted planks to cover the entrance to each of the cubicles.

Africa: South Africa. In 1910, Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal and the Orange Free State were combined into the Union of South Africa.

Africa: South Africa

Unlike Canada and Australia, the Union was a unitary state, rather than a federation, with each colony's parliaments being abolished and replaced with provincial councils. It was created partially as a way of reconciling the English and Boer settlers who had so recently been involved in the devastating Boer War. Turning%20Points%20in%20History. The Revolution in South African Historiography. Book 3: Migration, Land and Minerals in the Making of South Africa - Chapter 3 - The Socio-economic Impact of the Mineral Revolution on South African Society by Drusela Numvuzo Yekela.

From the book: Book 3: Migration, Land and Minerals in the Making of South Africa commissioned by The Department of Education This chapter will examine the various causes of the mineral revolution and how it impacted on societies in southern Africa.

Book 3: Migration, Land and Minerals in the Making of South Africa - Chapter 3 - The Socio-economic Impact of the Mineral Revolution on South African Society by Drusela Numvuzo Yekela

The influences include the following: personal, because they may have originated with human ambitions;material, because they may have been dictated by a human desire for wealth;physical, because they may have been motivated by “people’s” perceived sense of superiority;philosophical, because they may have related to human thought processes and outlook on life; andenvironmental, because they may have had something to do with geographical factors and the way they impacted on societal activities. Reflection on these influences presents the reader with a visual image of the South African “people’s” interaction and involvement with their diversified state. The mineral wealth of South Africa can be roughly classified into four categories: F.A.

INFRASTRUCTURE OF SOUTHAFRICA. The Mineral Revolution is a term used by historians to refer to the rapid industrialisation and economic changes which occurred in South Africa from the 1870s onwards.

INFRASTRUCTURE OF SOUTHAFRICA

The Mineral Revolution was largely driven by the need to create a permanent workforce to work in the mining industry, and saw South Africa transformed from a patchwork of agrarian states to a unified, industrial nation. In political terms, the Mineral Revolution had a significant impact on diplomacy and military affairs. Africa: South Africa. The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago.

Africa: South Africa

Racial discrimination in South Africa is based on the migrant labour system. Unlike other South Africans, Africans are treated as foreigners outside strictly defined areas of residence, the so-called 'homelands', and their movement is controlled by the notorious system of pass laws. Typically, men contract to work in the major cities while leaving their families and political rights behind them in the 'homelands'. Migrant labour has ensured a supply of cheap wage labour to the mining sector and secondary industry, and is a system which has been condemned throughout the world.