Free World History Worksheets and More. Empires to Nation-States: Islamic Period, A. Holly Shissler and Erin L. Glade. The lesson addresses influences and impact of colonial powers.
Students will begin to gain clarity into the real and perceived conflicts in the Muslim world, specifically the Middle East. Assigned reading material along with the teachers’ guidance students will learn and understand the economic and political motives of the European powers and the effects on the social, cultural and religious structure of Imperial Muslim World.
Created By: Farhat Khan, Roosevelt High School, Chicago, IL Subject Area(s): History, Global Studies, Political Science For Grade Level(s): 9–12 Time Needed: Six to eight class sessions. Global Connections . Nation-States. Major ethnic minority groups include the Kurds (in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria) and Berbers (in North Africa).
Members of both of these groups are fighting for greater autonomy within -- or independence from -- their countries, but face stiff resistance. Armenians in Anatolia had similar ambitions in the early 20th century, but their nationalism was seen as a threat by the state, and huge numbers of Armenians were displaced or killed. Lebanon was created by the French as a mandate separate from Syria in order to preserve the political autonomy of its Christian population. The system of government was developed to share power among the several religious groups in the Lebanese population: Maronite Christian, Sunni Muslim, Druze, and Shii Muslim. Israel is a special case.
As of August 2002, Palestinians continue to seek the establishment of an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Back to top Related sites Related topics Politics: From Royalty to Democracy. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict - Issues in a Nutshell. President Eisenhower's Speech on the U.S. Role in the Middle East (Eisenhower Doctrine), 1957. President Eisenhower gave these remarks to Congress on January 5, 1957.
First may I express to you my deep appreciation of your courtesy in giving me, at some inconvenience to yourselves, this early opportunity of addressing you on a matter I deem to be of grave importance to our country. In my forthcoming State of the Union Message, I shall review the international situation generally. There are worldwide hopes which we can reasonably entertain, and there are worldwide responsibilities which we must carry to make certain that freedom—including our own—may be secure. There is, however, a special situation in the Middle East which I feel I should, even now, lay before you. Before doing so it is well to remind ourselves that our basic national objective in international affairs remains peace—a world peace based on justice.
The Middle East has abruptly reached a new and critical stage in its long and important history. The evolution to independence has in the main been a peaceful process. 1. Everything in Syria Is Going to Plan - By Aaron David Miller. If you don't know where you're going, the old saying goes, any road will get you there.
The conventional wisdom on Syria has it that the external actors to the tragic drama playing out these many months don't know what to do, have no end game, and are thus incapable of acting alone or in concert to end the killing and create an effective transition to the post-Assad era. But that's wrong. The key actors -- America, Russia, Turkey, Iran, and the Arabs -- know precisely what they're about (or at least what they want to avoid) and are acting quite willfully to attend to their own interests.
In short, we have a coalition not of the willing but of the disabled, the unwilling, and the opposed. And each has a clear agenda. LOUAI BESHARA/AFP/GettyImages The United Nations We can dispense with the idea that the United Nations is a consequential player quite quickly. When there's no consensus, as in the case of Syria, the U.N. is relegated to articulating rather than acting. TIMOTHY A. Russia Turkey. In Syria's Sectarian Battle, Who Are The Alawites? Renee Montagne talks with Professor Joshua Landis about the Alawite sect in Syria.
LANDIS: Well, the Alawites are an offshoot of Shia Islam. Until the French arrived in Syria in 1920, the Alawites were locked in the coastal mountains of Syria. MONTAGNE: And let's talk about that. LANDIS: Well, the reason that Alawites have come to power in Syria is quite simply because of the French occupation between the First and Second World War. LANDIS: The Shabiha? LANDIS: Absolutely. Academic Module: Crisis Guide: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. The Arab Uprisings: How Did We Get Here? Speaker: Margaret MacMillan, Warden, St Antony's College, University of OxfordPresider: Richard N.
Haass, President, Council on Foreign RelationsIntroductory Speaker: Rita E. Hauser, President, The Hauser Foundation, Chair, International Peace Institute March 30, 2012 Council on Foreign Relations RICHARD HAASS: Good evening. Welcome to the Council on Foreign Relations. And we're very glad to have all of you here for what is now the fifth symposium in a series supported by the Hauser Foundation. And as I said, this is the fifth. And then, in previous years, we looked at organized crime in the Western Hemisphere. So it has been -- it has been diverse. Now, this year's symposium is on the implications of the -- of last year's uprisings as well as this year's uprisings -- and next year's uprisings -- (laughter) -- in the Middle East. I am, as I said, thrilled to be partnering with St Antony's for two reasons. So that's one reason I'm glad. Our timing is good. HAASS: Well, thank you Rita. Arab spring: an interactive timeline of Middle East protests.
The israeli conflict2.
Good PowerPoint overview for Israeli and Palestinian perspectives – claudiacastaybert
Parallel Realities - Resolution 242 And The Aftermath Of 1967. The argument over which side to blame for the Six Day War goes on, but all of the parties acknowledge that Israel's dramatic victory altered the face of the Middle East and established the boundaries--literally and figuratively--within which the quest for an Arab-Israeli settlement has been conducted ever since.
Reading 2 from Shattered Dreams of Peace – claudiacastaybert
Territories/In the 1967 war, Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria, the West Bank including East Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt.
Except for the Sinai, Israel still holds all those territories. Egypt regained the Sinai as part of the Camp David Accords of 1979. Israel has formally annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, vowing never to relinquish those territories. But Syria vows never to make peace unless Israel withdraws from Golan. Population/By capturing the West Bank and the Gaza Strip in 1967, Israel also captured about one million Palestinians. » Resolution 242 The 1967 war also gave rise to U.N. » The Text of U.N. Parallel Realities - Dialogue Of Two Monologues. I.F.
Stone, the legendary iconoclastic journalist of the 1950s and 60s, once wrote that "Stripped of propaganda and sentiment, the Palestine problem is simply the struggle of two different peoples for the same strip of land. " Well, yes, that's so. The dispute is, at some level, simply about ownership of a strip of land and could therefore be solved by an agreement to divide the land between the two peoples.
Sounds simple enough. And yet, in the same 1967 essay, Stone wrote: "If God, as some now say, is dead, He no doubt died trying to find an equitable solution to the Arab-Jewish problem. " Well-intentioned outsiders who try to find such a solution usually start with two basic outcomes that must be achieved for a settlement to be constructed. Still sounds fairly simple, but countless questions have to be answered before such a deal can be struck. Any one of the questions above represents a potential dealbreaker.
Growing up Jewish in the 1950s, I was raised in one of those universes. Parallel Realities - An Oath And A Chant. "Masada shall not fall again.
" "Tell Shamir, tell Rabin; we are the sons of Saladin. " The first declaration above is a solemn oath taken by all inductees to the Israeli Defense Forces. The second rhythmic announcement is chanted by Palestinian protesters at some demonstrations during the intifada. The oath and the chant connect the past of Israel/Palestine to the present and the future of the conflict. They are not unique in this regard. » Masada To understand "Masada shall not fall again," you have to return to the first century a.d. when Judea, as the territory was then called, was inhabited mostly by Jews but ruled by Rome. In the year 66 a.d., a full-scale Jewish war for independence broke out.
When some of the fleeing survivors from the rout of Jerusalem joined the Zealots on Masada the total Jewish resistance force numbered 960 men, women and children. When the wall was breached, the Zealots knew they would be overrun the next day. » Saladin » Importance of Masada » Four Groups. Shattered Dreams Of Peace. Imperial History of the Middle East. A/RES/3236 (XXIX) of 22 November 1974. Middle East conflict: History in maps. To see how borders in the region have changed over the years click through the maps below: Palestine was among several former Ottoman territories placed under British control by the League of Nations.
History of Middle East through maps – claudiacastaybert
The mandate lasted from 1920 to 1948.
In 1923, Britain granted limited autonomy to Transjordan, now known as Jordan. The United Nations General Assembly proposed dividing Palestine into Jewish and Arab states, with Jerusalem as an international city. The plan was accepted by Jewish leaders but rejected by the Arabs and never implemented. After Britain withdrew and the Jews declared the state of Israel, war broke out with neighbouring Arab nations. Israel made huge territorial gains in the Six-Day War. Since 1993 there have been several handovers of land to differing degrees of Palestinian control.
BBC NEWS. The old city of Jerusalem The old city of Jerusalem contains sites holy to Jews, Muslims and Christians. The Christian holy sites in Jerusalem include the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (believed to be the site of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ), the Church of John the Baptist and the Via Dolorosa. Greek, Russian, Armenia, Ethiopian, Syrian and Romanian Orthodox churches, and Catholic and Protestant churches are represented in the city.
THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE AT THE UNITED NATIONS. Issue Guide: One Year of 'Arab Spring' Upheavals. On December 17, 2010, street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire in the Tunisian town of Sidi Bouzid, an act of protest that would galvanize the Arab world and roil the region in a succession of civilian uprisings. The following materials provide expert analysis and essential background on the central issues facing the region as this upheaval passes the one-year mark. [For more on the revolutions in the Middle East, read the eBook: The New Arab Revolt: What Happened, What It Means, and What Comes Next.] The Region Guardian: Interactive Timeline of Middle East Protests This engaging interactive traces the Arab Spring protests and regime responses from December 17, 2010, to the present.
Project Syndicate: Re-Orienting America Even amid possibly historic upheaval in the Middle East, U.S. foreign policy is correctly refocusing on East Asia and the Pacific, says CFR President Richard N. Foreign Affairs: Writing Constitutions After the Arab Spring National Interest: Alarmism on Islamism.