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Open Access Week

Open Access Week

Open Access Timeline Physical Review X 4 May 2011 American Physical Society officially launched PRX, a online-only, open access journal, Scientific Reports 6 Jan 2011 Nature launched Scientific Reports, online and open access journal covering all areas of the natural sciences PLoS ONE 21 Dec 2006 An interactive open-access journal for the communication of all peer-reviewed scientific and medical research Scholarpedia 1 Feb 2006 Scholarpedia is a peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia written by scholars from all around the world Science Commons 1 Jan 2005 A project of Creative Commons to make scientific research “re-useful” and integrate fragmented information sources. Google Scholar 18 Nov 2004 Google announced the launch of Google Scholar. Elsevier 3 Jun 2004 Elsevier liberalizes copyright for authors CrossRef 28 Apr 2004 An infrastructure for linking citations across publishers, and a full-scale implementation of the Digital Object Identifier (or DOI) System to date. Berlin Declaration 22 Oct 2003 PLoS Biology 13 Oct 2003 Citebase

Solar Power is getting cheaper and getting grid stabilized with natural gas Grist has an article that makes the claim that solar PV will become the cheapest option to generate electricity by about 2018 in the sunniest places in the world. Cumulative installed PV capacity globally was 40 gigawatts (GW) at the end of last year. Three doublings mean this has to grow by a factor of eight, to 320 GW, to achieve the necessary halving of cost (to 6 cents per kwh). From 2005 to 2010, PV capacity installed annually grew by an average of 49 percent per year. Even if this slows down to 25 percent per year in the near future, we will reach 320 GW in 2018. 320 GW would be about 500 TWh. China has the following targets for 2015 and 2020 Targets disclosed early 2011 target 2015 target 2020 Hydropower 250 260 (865 TWh) 390-430 GW (1300-1430 TWh) Wind 90 100 (190 TWh) 200-250 GW (380-470TWh) Solar 5 10 (15 TWh) 50 GW (70 TWH) Bio-energy 13 13 Geothermal N/A 0.1 Tidal wave N/A 0.01-0.02 Nuclear 40 40 (320 TWh) 65 GW (520 TWh)

NDLTD: Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations — NDLTD Open science now! Michael Nielsen on TED Playlist Space oddity, indeed: 18 talks from astronauts, including Chris Hadfield Chris Hadfield, the Canadian astronaut who’s become a YouTube sensation aboard the International Space Station, has showed us why tears won’t fall in space and the dangers of clipping one’s fingernails in zero gravity. But he has truly outdone himself with his latest video. Scheduled to leave the space station tonight at 7pm – and […] Business Michael v. Their names may both be Michael. Why the Current Crop of Twentysomethings Are Going to Be Okay Every generation finds, eventually, a mode of expression that suits it. Cavemen drew lines on their cave walls. Sixties kids marched. My generation, we Gchat, a million tiny windows blinking orange with hopes and dreams and YouTube links, with five-year plans and lunch plans. (10:24 p.m.) I know this might read as very woe-is-us, but these are the facts: Nearly 14 percent of college graduates from the classes of 2006 through 2010 can’t find full-time work, and overall just 55.3 percent of people ages 16 to 29 have jobs. Being young is supposed to mean you have the luxury of time. Earlier generations have weathered recessions, of course; this stall we’re in has the look of something nastier.

Budapest Open Access Initiative | Budapest Open Access Initiative 60+ educational resources for teaching yourself anything. From its inception, the web has always had appeal as an educational resource. Recognising the potential for remote learning, in 2002, the launch of OpenCourseWare at MIT helped propel the initiative into the spotlight, with many universities following suit and providing quality educational material available through the web. No longer is there an excuse for anyone with access to the web to say that education is outside of their reach. This collection of links and applications highlights just the tip of the iceberg of educational resources that are available on the web. If you are interested in teaching yourself a new skill or learning a new topic indepth in your spare time, hopefully some of these will be of use. University Material Open Yale - Open Yale Courses provides free and open access to a selection of introductory courses taught by distinguished teachers and scholars at Yale University. Open Courseware – Notre Dame University contribution to open courseware. Video Material Courses

Aviation Week lists potential technologies in Imagining the Future Aviation Weeks lists 16 technologies in an Imagining the Future special. Orbitec is working on vortex and electric propulsion, heating vortex plasmas with microwaves [and] using water vapor as propellant. They are working on rocket engines whose thrust chambers are made entirely of electromagnetism, whose nozzles are magnetic lines of force and whose exhaust is plasma hotter than the Sun. ORBITEC is developing the Dual-Mode Water Rocket Propulsion system, a flexible in-space propulsion system that relies on water as propellant feedstock for both chemical and electric propulsion modes. To operate in chemical propulsion mode, water is electrolyzed to produce hydrogen and oxygen gas. To operate in electric propulsion mode, water is vaporized and delivered to the Microwave Electrothermal Thruster (MET), an electrode-less electric thruster that permits high performance with water. Photo credit: Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe

Home - National Information Standards Organization A Basic Guide for OER/Home From WikiEducator The Commonwealth of Learning (COL) is an intergovernmental organisation created by Commonwealth Heads of Government to encourage the development and sharing of open learning and distance education knowledge, resources and technologies. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) was founded on 16 November 1945. UNESCO is a specialized United Nations agency promoting international cooperation among its Member States and Associate Members in the fields of education, science, culture and communication. The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Commonwealth of Learning, 2011 Published by: This Guide comprises three sections.

First step toward a general method of creating artificial self-replicating materials of arbitrary structure and composition starting with Structural DNA seeds and tiles New York University scientists have developed artificial structures that can self-replicate, a process that has the potential to yield new types of materials. (H/T Foresight Institute) The discovery in Nature reports the first steps toward a general process for self-replication of a wide variety of arbitrarily designed seeds. The seeds are made from DNA tile motifs that serve as letters arranged to spell out a particular word. The replication process preserves the letter sequence and the shape of the seed and hence the information required to produce further generations.This process holds much promise for the creation of new materials. NYU scientists have developed artificial structures that can self-replicate, a process that has the potential to yield new types of materials. Nature - Self-replication of information-bearing nanoscale patterns To demonstrate this self-replication process, the NYU scientists created artificial DNA tile motifs —short, nanometer-scale arrangements of DNA.