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Academic publishers make Murdoch look like a socialist

Academic publishers make Murdoch look like a socialist
Who are the most ruthless capitalists in the western world? Whose monopolistic practices make Walmart look like a corner shop and Rupert Murdoch a socialist? You won't guess the answer in a month of Sundays. While there are plenty of candidates, my vote goes not to the banks, the oil companies or the health insurers, but – wait for it – to academic publishers. Everyone claims to agree that people should be encouraged to understand science and other academic research. You might resent Murdoch's paywall policy, in which he charges £1 for 24 hours of access to the Times and Sunday Times. Of course, you could go into the library (if it still exists). Murdoch pays his journalists and editors, and his companies generate much of the content they use. The returns are astronomical: in the past financial year, for example, Elsevier's operating profit margin was 36% (£724m on revenues of £2bn). More importantly, universities are locked into buying their products. Related:  Open Access versus public closed gardens of Academic PublishersHistory of Information & Knowledge

Iedere klik op Science kost een fortuin Terwijl de universiteit op veel plekken flink moet bezuinigen, is er één kostenpost die elk jaar maar blijft groeien: wetenschappelijke tijdschriften. Uitgevers vragen steeds hogere bedragen voor toegang. Open access-voorvechters leggen deze week uit dat het anders kan. Wetenschappelijke uitgevers als Elsevier, Springer en Wiley-Blackwell zijn de meest “meedogenloze kapitalisten”, vele malen erger dan banken, oliemaatschappijen en zorgverzekeraars, schreef een columnist van de Britse krant The Guardian onlangs. Het door de columnist zo verafschuwde systeem werkt als volgt: academisch onderzoek, betaald door u en ik, wordt in de vorm van artikelen onbezoldigd aangeleverd door wetenschappers aan wetenschappelijke tijdschriften. Maar waar de wetenschappers gratis werken, daar vragen uitgevers van wetenschappelijke tijdschriften astronomische bedragen voor (digitale) toegang tot heel gespecialiseerde journals met namen als Biochimica et Biophysica Acta.

World's Dumbest Editor Incurs The Wrath Of The Internet Rejoice, webizens, for today will forever be remembered in the annals of crowdsourced Internet vengeance! When writer Monica Gaudio discovered that a magazine she'd never heard of, Cooks Source, had reprinted an article from her web site about medieval apple pies without her permission, she wrote to the editor asking for an apology and a $130 donation to the Columbia School of Journalism. Here's what world-class bonehead idiot Judith Griggs, editor of Cooks Source, had to say in response: "...honestly Monica, the web is considered 'public domain' and you should be happy we just didn't 'lift' your whole article and put someone else's name on it!... If you took offence and are unhappy, I am sorry, but you as a professional should know that the article we used written by you was in very bad need of editing, and is much better now than was originally. Yes, Griggs actually asked the writer to pay for the privilege of being ripped off!

Academic Journals: The Most Profitable Obsolete Technology in History | Jason Schmitt The music business was killed by Napster; movie theaters were derailed by digital streaming; traditional magazines are in crisis mode--yet in this digital information wild west: academic journals and the publishers who own them are posting higher profits than nearly any sector of commerce. Academic publisher Elsevier, which owns a majority of the prestigious academic journals, has higher operating profits than Apple. In 2013, Elsevier posted 39 percent profits, according to Heather Morrison, assistant professor at the University of Ottawa's School of Information Studies in contrast to the 37 percent profit that Apple displayed. This lucrative nature of academic publishing comes at a price--and that weight falls on the shoulders of the full higher education community which is already bearing the burden of significantly decreasing academic budgets. Where To Go: "Money should be taken out of academic publishing as much as possible. Another Option? Open Access for the Future?

FoliaWeb: open access vs big science publishers Wetenschap25 oktober 2011 7:15 |Wetenschappers die subsidie ontvangen van de Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), moeten hun data voortaan openbaar maken. De NWO, met een budget van ruim een half miljard euro de grootste onderzoeksfinancier van Nederland, wordt mede-eigenaar van de gegevens. ‘Wetenschappers hebben ten onrechte het idee dat de onderzoeksgegevens van henzelf zijn,’ zei Ron Dekker, directeur Instituten bij NWO onlangs in NRC Handelsblad. Naar aanleiding van de affaire rond Diederik Stapel, de Tilburgse gedragswetenschapper die ervan wordt verdacht op grote schaal fraude te hebben gepleegd door het verzinnen van onderzoeksdata, heeft NWO voorstellen gedaan om herhaling te voorkomen. Ook wil NWO dat wetenschappers het auteursrecht op hun artikelen niet langer aan tijdschriften overdragen. UvA-rector magnificus Dymph van den Boom wil nog niet reageren op het voorstel van NWO.

Online law man: Virtual worlds need real laws Samantha Murphy, contributor (Image: Jo Ito)Tens of millions of people live, work and play in virtual worlds where anything goes. Greg Lastowka thinks we need to police these lawless frontiers What prompted you to write your new book, Virtual Justice? I've always been interested in technology law, and the issues surrounding law in virtual worlds are like canaries in a coal mine. Do you think we need laws covering things like electronic commerce, freedom of speech and defamation in the virtual world? Yes, we definitely do. What kinds of laws do you think we need most? We need to give careful consideration to how copyright operates in virtual worlds, where everything is mediated by the software. Then there's the question of virtual property. Have there been cases of people coming to grief over virtual theft? One that I talk about in the book is the case of a Chinese gamer named Qiu Chegwei. Surely technology has always influenced law. Yes, I think so.

Transcript for Ann Blair on Information Overload Jim Fleming: Information overload may seem like a quintessentially 21st century problem, but more than 2000 years ago people complained about the very same thing. The rise of the printed word and the creation of the printing press also flooded the world with vast new streams of information. And it took people a while to figure out how to store and manage all the new knowledge. Anne Strainchamps: We tend to think of information overload as a distinctly modern problem, especially now in the Internet age. Ann Blair: Absolutely. Strainchamps: But this is fascinating. Blair: I would say so. Strainchamps: Do you think people feel the same sort of anxiety the same sort of motions that we feel when we feel inundated by too much information? Blair: If you look at a renaissance doctor like Girolamo Cardano, he is a practicing physician. Strainchamps: [laughs] Blair: So shortcuts are definitely well known to scholars. Strainchamps: So very early on this obsession with note taking picked up.

Robert Maxwell Ian Robert Maxwell, MC (10 June 1923 – 5 November 1991) was a Czechoslovakian-born British media proprietor and Member of Parliament (MP). He rose from poverty to build an extensive publishing empire. His death revealed huge discrepancies in his companies' finances, including the Mirror Group pension fund, which Maxwell had fraudulently misappropriated. He escaped from Nazi occupation, joining the Czechoslovak Army in exile in World War II and then fighting in the British Army where he was decorated. He had a flamboyant lifestyle, living in Headington Hill Hall in Oxford from which he often flew in his helicopter, and sailing in his luxury yacht, the Lady Ghislaine. His death triggered the collapse of his publishing empire as banks called in loans. Early life[edit] After the war he used various contacts in the Allied occupation authorities to go into business, becoming the British and United States distributor for Springer Verlag, a publisher of scientific books. Death[edit]

The Initiative | ORCID Royal Society journal archive made permanently free to access 26 October 2011 Around 60,000 historical scientific papers are accessible via a fully searchable online archive, with papers published more than 70 years ago now becoming freely available. The Royal Society is the world’s oldest scientific publisher, with the first edition of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society appearing in 1665. Henry Oldenburg – Secretary of the Royal Society and first Editor of the publication – ensured that it was “licensed by the council of the society, being first reviewed by some of the members of the same”, thus making it the first ever peer-reviewed journal. Philosophical Transactions had to overcome early setbacks including plague, the Great Fire of London and even the imprisonment of Oldenburg, but against the odds the publication survived to the present day. The move is being made as part of the Royal Society’s ongoing commitment to open access in scientific publishing. Search the journal archive here.

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