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Marc Miller delivers statement in Mohawk - CBC Player. How Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce became a hero of civil rights advocates. Edward S.

How Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce became a hero of civil rights advocates.

Curtis/Library of Congress On July 4, 1872, settlers of the Grande Ronde Valley in northeastern Oregon paraded through the streets of their tiny county seat, La Grande, before sitting down for a feast and public recitation of the Declaration of Independence. Afterward, two guests stayed behind—large men about 30 years old, their long braids banded and feathered, wearing bright blankets, clusters of necklaces, and intricately beaded shirts and leggings.

In the 10 years of La Grande’s existence, local Indian chiefs had regularly attended Fourth of July celebrations, affirming peace and friendship with the United States. A settler introduced the guests as Joseph and his younger brother Ollokot, leaders of a nearby Nez Perce band. Joseph and his brother had come to La Grande to speak with the area’s congressman, who was home for recess, and a local man who had just finished serving as the federal superintendent for Indian affairs for Oregon. Native America before European Colonization. A Choctaw woman. Killers of the Flower Moon by David Grann – review. Sometimes Cormac McCarthy writes a great American novel; every so often the Coen brothers make a great American film – and in the best traditions of American journalism, someone comes up with a story that cuts to a kernel of the national narrative; here is one of those.

Killers of the Flower Moon by David Grann – review

The Rare Archival Photos Behind 'Killers of the Flower Moon' - Atlas Obscura. One day in 2012, when I was visiting the Osage Nation Museum, in Oklahoma, I saw a panoramic photograph on the wall.

The Rare Archival Photos Behind 'Killers of the Flower Moon' - Atlas Obscura

In The 1920s, A Community Conspired To Kill Native Americans For Their Oil Money. Ernest and Mollie Burkhart married in 1917.

In The 1920s, A Community Conspired To Kill Native Americans For Their Oil Money

Unbeknownst to Mollie, a member of the Osage tribe, the marriage was part of a larger plot to steal her family's oil wealth. Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoman Collection/Courtesy of Doubleday hide caption toggle caption Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoman Collection/Courtesy of Doubleday. S.C. Gwynne - Comanche Nation: The Rise And Fall Of An 'Empire' Empire of the Summer MoonBy S.

S.C. Gwynne - Comanche Nation: The Rise And Fall Of An 'Empire'

C. GwynneHardcover, 384 pagesScribnerList price: $27.50 A New Kind of War Cavalrymen remember such moments: dust swirling behind the pack mules, regimental bugles shattering the air, horses snorting and riders' tack creaking through the ranks, their old company song rising on the wind: "Come home, John! Don't stay long. Louisiana Purchase was used to cover theft of Indigenous People's land. Wikimedia Commons/White House Historical Association It’s a familiar chapter in our history, part of the triumphant narrative of westward expansion: In 1803, the United States bought a massive chunk of North America, and we got it for a song.

Louisiana Purchase was used to cover theft of Indigenous People's land

Spain had ceded the Louisiana Territory to France, and Napoleon, in turn, offloaded it to American diplomats in Paris after the Haitian Revolution ruined his plans for the New World. Vaguely defined at the time as the western watershed of the Mississippi River, and later pegged at about 827,000 square miles, the acquisition nearly doubled the national domain for a mere $15 million, or roughly $309 million in today’s dollars.

Native American Resources for Teachers. ‘Slam-dunk’ find puts hunter-gatherers in Florida 14,500 years ago. Big game hunters of the Clovis culture may have just gotten the final blow to their reputation as North America’s earliest settlers.

‘Slam-dunk’ find puts hunter-gatherers in Florida 14,500 years ago

At least 1,000 years before Clovis people roamed the Great Plains, a group of hunter-gatherers either butchered a mastodon or scavenged its carcass on Florida’s Gulf Coast. Why the Struggle at Standing Rock is Bigger Than One Pipeline. A Standing Rock Sioux flag flies over a protest encampment near Cannon Ball, North Dakota, where members of the Standing Rock nations and their supporters have gathered to voice their opposition to the Dakota Access Pipeline.

Why the Struggle at Standing Rock is Bigger Than One Pipeline

(Photo by Robyn Beck/AFP/Getty Images) The first sign that not everything is normal as you drive down Highway 1806 toward the Standing Rock reservation in North Dakota is a checkpoint manned by camouflage-clad National Guard troops. The inspection on Sept. 13 was perfunctory; they simply asked if we knew “what was going on down the road” and then waved us through, even though the car we rode in had “#NoDAPL” chalked on its rear windshield. “What is going on down the road” is a massive camp-in led by the Standing Rock nation, aimed at blocking the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline (the DAPL in question), which would carry oil from the Bakken shale in North Dakota across several states and under the Missouri River. . — Lay Ha An “updated” road sign. The Map Of Native American Tribes You've Never Seen Before : Code Switch. Aaron Carapella, a self-taught mapmaker in Warner, Okla., has designed a map of Native American tribes showing their locations before first contact with Europeans.

The Map Of Native American Tribes You've Never Seen Before : Code Switch

Hansi Lo Wang/NPR hide caption toggle caption Hansi Lo Wang/NPR Aaron Carapella, a self-taught mapmaker in Warner, Okla., has designed a map of Native American tribes showing their locations before first contact with Europeans. Tribal Nations Map NA. Bison - Wikipedia. Bison are large, even-toed ungulates in the genus Bison within the subfamily Bovinae.

Bison - Wikipedia

Two extant and six extinct species are recognised. We were all told they walked over a land bridge from Asia. Now that theory’s being called into question. You were probably told in school about how the first people reached North America over ten thousand years ago. The explanation most history or social studies teacher’s gave was that they crossed what is known as the Bering Strait Land Bridge (the Beringa) from Siberia to Alaska. This has been the prevailing theory since the 1930s. There is DNA evidence to support that people did in fact cross the Beringa and may even have lived on it for thousands of years, following herds and making their way little by little.

They hunted large game such as mammoths and bison down into the North American continent, spreading out from there. First Peoples of Canada - Our Origins, Origin Stories. Interactive map: Loss of Indian land. The Vault is Slate's history blog. Like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter @slatevault, and find us on Tumblr.

Find out more about what this space is all about here. This interactive map, produced by University of Georgia historian Claudio Saunt to accompany his new book West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, offers a time-lapse vision of the transfer of Indian land between 1776 and 1887. As blue “Indian homelands” disappear, small red areas appear, indicating the establishment of reservations.

Street signs in Cree proposed Regina. A linguist is calling for the city of Regina to have the Cree language written on street signs in a Regina neighbourhood, in an effort to raise awareness about preserving the First Nations language. Solomon Ratt, an associate professor at First Nations University of Canada, says Cree was one of Canada's first written languages, and he'd like to see it recognized for its historical importance.

"It gives us pride in our language and our culture," he told CTV Regina, adding that it will stir discussion about preserving the language. Ratt wants the language to be added to street signs in Regina's North Central neighbourhood, which has a large indigenous population. 500 Nations - The story of native Americans - part I. 500 Nations - The story of native Americans - part II. 500 nations (part 3 of 4) 500 Nations Part 4. The Map Of Native American Tribes You've Never Seen Before : Code Switch. The Little-Known History of the Forced Sterilization of Native American Women. Two fifteen-year-old Native American women went into the hospital for tonsillectomies and came out with tubal ligations.

Another Native American woman requested a “womb transplant,” only to reveal that she had been told that was an option after her uterus had been removed against her will. Cheyenne women had their Fallopian tubes severed, sometimes after being told that they could be “untied” again. American Indian Tribes Map. Abenaki Acoma Algonquin Anishinaabe Apache Arapaho Assiniboine Athabascan Aztec Blackfeet Blackfoot Caddo Cayuga Cheraw Cheyenne Chickasaw Chicora Chinook Chippewa Choctaw Chumash Coeur d'Alene Comanche Costanoan Cree Creek (Muskogee) Crow Dakota Delaware Dene Edisto Euchee Flathead Gros Ventre Gwitchan Haida Haudenosaunee Havasupai Hidatsa Ho-Chunk Hopi Huron Iowa Iroquois Kaw Kawaiisu Kickapoo Kiowa Lakota Lenape Lumbee Maliseet Mandan Mattaponi Maya Menominee Metis MicMac Mojave Mohawk Mohegan Mohican Monacan Muscogee Nanticokes Narragansett Navajo Nez Perce Nipmuc Odawa Ohlone Ojibwe Omaha OneidaOnondaga Osage Paiute Pima Ponca Potawatomi Powhatan Pueblo Quapaw Sac Salish Seminole Seneca Shawnee Shinnecock ShoshoneSioux Tsalagi Tuscarora Ute Wea Wichita Winnebago Wyandot Yavapai Yokut Zuni " I was born upon the prairie where the wind blew free, and there was nothing to break the light of the sun.

I was born where there were no enclosures, and where everything drew free breath. Maps of Native American Tribes and Reservations in the United States. On Columbus Day, support grows for Indigenous Peoples Day. Since Columbus Day 2015, at least 14 communities in the United States have passed measures designating the second Monday in October Indigenous Peoples Day. The changes build on recent efforts to shift the day's focus from the Italian explorer, beginning in big cities including Seattle, Minneapolis and Albuquerque, and spreading to counties and school districts. The Surveillance State Descends on the Dakota Access Pipeline Spirit Camp. First Humans Entered the Americas Along the Coast. Extinction of early natives by Europeans. 13th century Maya codex, long shrouded in controversy, proves genuine. PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] --The Grolier Codex, an ancient document that is among the rarest books in the world, has been regarded with skepticism since it was reportedly unearthed by looters from a cave in Chiapas, Mexico, in the 1960s.

The Mohawks Who Built Manhattan (Photos) The Invasion of America: How the United States Took Over an Eighth of the World. Native American populations descend from three key migrations, scientists say. Scientists have found that Native American populations -- from Canada to the southern tip of Chile -- arose from at least three migrations, with the majority descended entirely from a single group of First American migrants that crossed over through Beringia, a land bridge between Asia and America that existed during the ice ages, more than 15,000 years ago.

Native North American Indian - Old Photos - Journal. Native North American Indian - Old Photos - Journal. Hidden codex may reveal secrets of life in Mexico before Spanish conquest. In Search of the Lost Empire of the Maya. Native American Indian Legends A-B. "Why Save a Language" (2006) Haida culture is alive and well on Haida Gwaii. One Word - Episode 24: Redskin (Native Americans) One Word - Episode 28: Language (Native Americans) 9 Examples of Indigenous Sense in a Nonsensical Time. By Rucha Chitnis / Sometimes it seems like we live in nonsensical times. Do you ever wonder what happened to good old common sense? Indigenous voices from around the world who are fighting for cultural survival and protection of nature in their homelands offer simple wisdom in the face of climate change, mining and other development projects.

These voices are highlighted in Standing On Sacred Ground, a four-part film series airing on the PBS World Channel through May and June. 1. DNA Analysis Shows Native American Genealogy. American Indians. Ancient Siberian genome reveals genetic origins of Native Americans. Cultures and peoples of North America. Secrets of the Dead 2 clicks for video. See an American town that's about to be completely lost to climate change. Native Intelligence - 2 clicks please. Ira Hayes – Iwo Jima Flag Raiser & Very Reluctant Hero. In Canada, First Nation Community Declares State Of Emergency Over Suicide Attempts. Native American Round Dance Music. Fight the Power: 100 Heroes of Native Resistance, Part 1. 'Where Are Your Guts?': Johnny Cash’s Little-Known Fight for Native Americans. Native American Quotes, Native American Wisdom Sayings.

Various videos on Native American life and spirituality. Crimes against native culture and children. Why American Indians Are Still Not Fairly Represented. Sarah Winnemucca - Journalist. American Indian Biography: Sarah Winnemucca.