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Earth - The first people who populated the Americas

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Native cartography: a bold mapmaking project that challenges Western notions of place ‘More lands have been lost to Native peoples probably through mapping than through physical conflict.’ Maps have been used not only to encroach on Native Americans lands, but to diminish their cultures as well. With every Spanish, French or English placename that eclipses a Native one, a European narrative of place and space becomes further entrenched. In an effort to help reclaim his region for his people, Jim Enote, a Zuni farmer and the director of the {*style:<a href=' A:wan Museum and Heritage Center{*style:</a>*} in New Mexico, has organised a unique project intended to help bring indigenous narratives back to the land.

'Dog Park Debbie' calls police on man whose dog mounted her dog at a park - VT In Attleboro, Massachusetts, a woman called 911 because a man's pit bull mounted her dog at a dog park. The man, identified as 42-year-old Franklin Baxley, who is black, uploaded footage of their heated exchange on social media. "Why did this lady just call the cops on me claiming my dog 'assaulted' her dog when it tried to hump her dog?" he asked on Facebook. In the first video, the woman, who is white, can be seen calling the police.

Map reveals 'scourge' of Scotland's coastal litter problem Image copyright ScRAPBook/UKCAP A map identifying litter hotspots along Scotland's coastline is being launched. Aerial photographs of plastics and rubbish washed up and blown up on to beaches has been posted online. The aim is to help organisations and volunteers involved in clean-up work better target their efforts - particularly in remote areas where litter often remains "hidden". Those behind the project hope it will become an "invaluable tool" in the fight against marine litter.

Wolves regurgitate blueberries for their pups to eat Gray wolves are known to snack on blueberries, but the animals do more than fill their own bellies. A new, serendipitous observation shows an adult wolf regurgitating the berries for its pups to eat, the first time anyone has documented this behavior. Wolves have a well-earned reputation as skillful hunters with a taste for large, hoofed ungulates like deer and moose. But scientists are increasingly recognizing that these predators have an exceptionally varied diet, partaking in everything from beavers and fish to fruit. In 2017, biologist Austin Homkes of Northern Michigan University in Marquette got a sense of just how important this mixed diet could be for wolves. A cluster of signals from a GPS collar on a wolf led Homkes to a meadow just outside Minnesota’s Voyageurs National Park.

Plastic Packaging - Classroom - BTN (without CC) CARL SMITH, REPORTER: It's something you do every day. Open up the lunchbox, unwrap your food and throw away the packaging. But all that waste can really start to add up. In fact, in just one year the average Aussie throws away 200 kilograms of packaging. Environment groups say that adds up to almost 2 million tonnes across Australia every single year. That's one of the reasons why people were outraged when they saw this photo from the US of a peeled mandarin in a plastic container. Scientists reveal 10,000-year-old mummy is Native American ancestor Scientists attempting to map out the historical migrations of North and South America by analysing ancient bones have revealed that a 10,000-year-old skeleton unearthed in a cave in Nevada is the ancestor of a Native American tribe. The iconic skeleton, known as the “Spirit Cave mummy”, was reburied this summer by the Fallon Paiute-Shoshone people in Nevada, bringing closure to a decades-long legal dispute with anthropologists who fought for it to remain on display in a museum. DNA painstakingly extracted from the ancient skull proved the skeleton was an ancestor of the tribe and discredited a longstanding theory that the individual was from a group of “Paleoamericans” that existed in North America before Native Americans.

Why Dogs Matter Why dogs matter, what's a dog worth "I love my dog because she is" One of my favorite books by the late British philosopher and animal advocate Dr. Recycled packaging 'may end up in landfill', warns watchdog Image copyright Getty Images You try to be virtuous, wiping the curdling yoghurt off a plastic pot, then putting it in the recycling bin. Perhaps you envisage the pot eventually re-incarnated as a frisbee or maybe even a plastic bench. But don’t rest easy. Beaked whales may evade killer whales by silently diving in sync Beaked whales have a killer whale problem. More formidable whales, of the sperm or pilot variety, have the size and muscle to flee or defend against a killer whale, an ocean superpredator. Smaller prey, like dolphins, can find safety by swimming in large pods. Certain toothed whales even communicate in pitches killer whales can’t hear. But elephant-sized beaked whales, named for their pointy snouts, have none of these advantages.

Wipe Out Waste - Classroom - BTN These guys are taking out the trash. But they're making sure they've sorted it first. Here at Immanuel primary talking rubbish is encouraged. STEVIE: We're sorting the rubbish from our landfill bins into groups like organic, paper and cardboard, 10c bottles and things like that and plastic. They're just one of the schools on a huge mission to reduce, reuse and recycle just about everything. Two Spirits, One Heart, Five Genders Those who arrived in the Native American Garden of Eden had never seen a land so uncorrupted. The Europeans saw new geography, new plants, new animals, but the most perplexing curiosity to these people were the Original Peoples and our ways of life. Of all of the foreign life ways Indians held, one of the first the Europeans targeted for elimination was the Two Spirit tradition among Native American cultures. At the point of contact, all Native American societies acknowledged three to five gender roles: Female, male, Two Spirit female, Two Spirit male and transgendered. LGBT Native Americans wanting to be identified within their respective tribes and not grouped with other races officially adopted the term “Two Spirit” from the Ojibwe language in Winnipeg, Manitoba, 1989. Each tribe has their own specific term, but there was a need for a universal term that the general population could understand.