background preloader

Monde malais

Facebook Twitter

Christmas Island. For the island forming part of Kiribati in the central Pacific Ocean, see Kiritimati.

Christmas Island

Coordinates: The Territory of Christmas Island is a territory of Australia in the Indian Ocean, composed of one island. It has a population of 2,072 residents who live in a number of "settlement areas" on the northern tip of the island: Flying Fish Cove (also known as Kampong), Silver City, Poon Saan, and Drumsite. The majority of the population are Chinese Australian. It was named "Christmas Island" because it was discovered on Christmas Day (25 December 1643).

The island's geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists.[2] 63% of its 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi) is an Australian national park. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island for many years. History[edit] First visit by Europeans[edit] Exploration and annexation[edit] Demographics[edit]

Brunei. Coordinates: Brunei ( i/bruːˈnaɪ/, broo-NYE), officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace[9] (Malay: Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: نڬارا بروني دارالسلام‎), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.


Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia. It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang. East Timor. East Timor ( i/ˌiːst ˈtiːmɔr/) or Timor-Leste (/tiˈmɔr ˈlɛʃteɪ/), Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Portuguese: República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste),[5] is a country in Maritime Southeast Asia.[2] It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor.

East Timor

The country's size is about 15,410 km2 (5,400 sq mi).[6] East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonisation of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence but later that year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. Philippines. Coordinates: The Philippines ( i/ˈfɪlᵻpiːnz/; Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean.


It consists of about 7,641 islands[13] that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Singapore. Singapore ( i/ˈsɪŋɡəpɔːr/), officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the Lion City, the Garden City, and the Red Dot, is a global city and sovereign state in Southeast Asia and the world's only island city-state.


It lies one degree (137 km) north of the equator, south to the southernmost tip of continental Asia and peninsular Malaysia, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south. Singapore's territory consists of a diamond-shaped main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% (130 km2), and its greening policy has covered the densely populated island with tropical flora, parks and gardens. In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the East India Company; after the establishment of the British Raj, the islands were ceded to Britain and became part of its Straits Settlements in 1826.

Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub. Etymology History. East Malaysia. Indonesia. Coordinates: Indonesia ( i/ˌɪndəˈniːʒə/ IN-də-NEE-zhə or /ˌɪndoʊˈniːziə/ IN-doh-NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndonesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik ɪndonesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia.


Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands.[8][9] It has an estimated population of over 258 million people and is the world's fourth most populous country, most populous Austronesian nation, as well as the most populous Muslim majority country. Monde malais. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Monde malais

Situation du monde malais Le malais est langue nationale de 4 pays : Brunei Darussalam,La République d'IndonésieLa Fédération de Malaisie,La République de Singapour, et langue "ethnique" dans les provinces de Narathiwat, Pattani et Yala en Thaïlande, où l'on parle le « malais de Pattani », aussi appelé yawi et similaire au malais de Kelantan en Malaisie. Le monde malais est donc une aire peuplée par quelque 270 millions d’habitants (en réalité, ce qu'on appelle "malais" est un groupe de langues, très proches les unes des autres). Certains proposent d'inclure dans le monde malais la République du Timor oriental, où l'occupation indonésienne (1975-1999) a imposé la langue indonésienne, qui y est ainsi devenue une langue d'usage. Bien qu'on n'y parle pas malais, l'archipel de Sulu dans le sud des Philippines peut être inclus dans le monde malais.

À côté de ces différentes formes de malais, il existe des créoles malais. Maritime Southeast Asia. Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises Brunei, East Malaysia, East Timor, Indonesia, Singapore, and the Philippines.[1] Maritime Southeast Asia is sometimes also referred to as "island Southeast Asia" or "insular Southeast Asia".

Maritime Southeast Asia

The 19th-century term "Malay Archipelago" refers to a largely similar area. This region differs from Indochina in that its populations predominantly belong to the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) group, and exhibit various maritime-based, tribal, and largely non-sinicized cultures. Cultural identity[edit] The cultural identity of the region is seen as both part of "Farther India" or Greater India, as seen in Coedes' Indianized States of Southeast Asia, which refers to it as "Island Southeast Asia";[2] and within Austronesia or Oceania, due to shared ethnolinguistic and historical origins of the latter groups (Micronesian and Polynesian groups) being from this region.[3] Demography[edit]