Christmas Island. For the island forming part of Kiribati in the central Pacific Ocean, see Kiritimati.
Coordinates: The Territory of Christmas Island is a territory of Australia in the Indian Ocean, composed of one island. It has a population of 2,072 residents who live in a number of "settlement areas" on the northern tip of the island: Flying Fish Cove (also known as Kampong), Silver City, Poon Saan, and Drumsite. The majority of the population are Chinese Australian. It was named "Christmas Island" because it was discovered on Christmas Day (25 December 1643).
The island's geographic isolation and history of minimal human disturbance has led to a high level of endemism among its flora and fauna, which is of interest to scientists and naturalists. 63% of its 135 square kilometres (52 sq mi) is an Australian national park. Phosphate, deposited originally as guano, has been mined on the island for many years. History First visit by Europeans Exploration and annexation
Brunei. Coordinates: 4°30′N 114°40′E / 4.500°N 114.667°E / 4.500; 114.667 Southeast Asian coastal sovereign state Brunei (/bruːˈnaɪ/ ( listen) broo-NY), officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Malay: Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: نڬارا بروني دارالسلام), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang. East Timor. East Timor ( i/ˌiːst ˈtiːmɔr/) or Timor-Leste (/tiˈmɔr ˈlɛʃteɪ/), Tetum: Timór Lorosa'e, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Portuguese: República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste), is a country in Maritime Southeast Asia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor.
The country's size is about 15,410 km2 (5,400 sq mi). East Timor was colonised by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal's decolonisation of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence but later that year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia's 27th province the following year. Philippines. Republic in Southeast Asia Coordinates: 13°N 122°E / 13°N 122°E / 13; 122 The Philippines ( FIL-ə-peenz; Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] or Filipinas [ˌfɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas),[a] is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Singapore. Country in Southeast Asia Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in Southeast Asia.
The country is situated about one degree (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 58 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% (130 square kilometres or 50 square miles). Although its history stretches back millennia, modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British East India Company. The city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 39% of whom are foreign nationals, including permanent residents. Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government. Etymology History Ancient Singapore British colonisation Military.
East Malaysia. East Malaysia comprises the states of Sabah and Sarawak, and the Federal territory of Labuan.
Indonesia. Country in Southeast Asia Coordinates: 5°S 120°E / 5°S 120°E / -5; 120 Indonesia ( IN-də-NEE-zhə, -NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndoˈnesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia]),[a] is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and 7th in the combined sea and land area. With over 267 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population. The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature. The history of the Indonesian archipelago has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Etymology. Monde malais. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Situation du monde malais Le malais est langue nationale de 4 pays : Brunei Darussalam,La République d'IndonésieLa Fédération de Malaisie,La République de Singapour, et langue "ethnique" dans les provinces de Narathiwat, Pattani et Yala en Thaïlande, où l'on parle le « malais de Pattani », aussi appelé yawi et similaire au malais de Kelantan en Malaisie. Le monde malais est donc une aire peuplée par quelque 270 millions d’habitants (en réalité, ce qu'on appelle "malais" est un groupe de langues, très proches les unes des autres). Certains proposent d'inclure dans le monde malais la République du Timor oriental, où l'occupation indonésienne (1975-1999) a imposé la langue indonésienne, qui y est ainsi devenue une langue d'usage.
Bien qu'on n'y parle pas malais, l'archipel de Sulu dans le sud des Philippines peut être inclus dans le monde malais. À côté de ces différentes formes de malais, il existe des créoles malais. Maritime Southeast Asia. Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises Brunei, East Malaysia, East Timor, Indonesia, Singapore, and the Philippines. Maritime Southeast Asia is sometimes also referred to as "island Southeast Asia" or "insular Southeast Asia".
The 19th-century term "Malay Archipelago" refers to a largely similar area. This region differs from Indochina in that its populations predominantly belong to the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) group, and exhibit various maritime-based, tribal, and largely non-sinicized cultures.