:: UBINIG :: Farida Akhter Wednesday 09 April 2014 On 22nd January, 2014 twenty farmers from four districts were given the saplings of Bt Brinjal in ceremony organized by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) at the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC). The Agricultural Minister Matia Chowdhury gave out the trays of saplings along with a booklet. The farmers selected by BARI were happy because they thought they were fortunate ones to be chosen for such a ceremonial distribution of saplings. Matia said while addressing as the chief guest, “We have decided to start cultivating Bt brinjal after different necessary tests at home and abroad. We took long time to exp Farhad Mazhar and Dr. M. 'Currently most research is invested in new technologies rather than in making better use of existing knowledge. M. Rice production in Bangladesh is a crucial part of the national economy.
Dr.M.A.Sobhan Monday 24 March 2014 Jahangir Alam Jony and M.A. Farida Akhter Thursday 27 February 2014 Dr. 1. The Solutions Project - 100% Renewable Energy. 2008_NWT11_oerbossen.pdf. Superdirt Made Lost Amazon Cities Possible? November 19, 2008 Centuries-old European explorers' tales of lost cities in the Amazon have long been dismissed by scholars, in part because the region is too infertile to feed a sprawling civilization.
But new discoveries support the idea of an ancient Amazonian urban network—and ingeniously engineered soil may have made it all possible. (See Ancient Amazon Cities Found; Were Vast Urban Network [August 28, 2008].) Now scientists are trying to recreate the recipe for the apparently human-made supersoil, which still covers up to 10 percent of the Amazon Basin. Key ingredients included of dirt, charcoal, pottery, human excrement and other waste. If recreated, the engineered soil could feed the hungry and may even help fight global warming, experts suggest. (Interactive map: "The Embattled Amazon. ") Before 1492 Scientists have long thought the river basin's tropical soils were too acidic to grow anything but the hardiest varieties of manioc, a potatolike staple. Special Report: Inspired by Ancient Amazonians, a Plan to Convert Trash into Environmental Treasure. SIDEBAR: The Companies and Organizations Poised to Turn Garbage into Fuel, Fertilizer and a Means of Carbon Sequestration When Desmond Radlein heard about Richard Branson and Al Gore's Virgin Earth Challenge, a contest in which the first person who can sequester one billion tons of carbon dioxide a year wins $25 million, he got out his pencil and began figuring whether or not his company was up to the task.
Radlein is on the board of directors at Dynamotive Energy Systems, an energy solutions provider based in Vancouver, British Columbia, that is one of several companies pioneering the use of pyrolysis, a process in which biomass is burned at a high temperature in the absence of oxygen. The process yields both a charcoal by-product that can be used as a fertilizer, and bio-oil, which is a mix of oxygenated hydrocarbons that can be used to generate heat or electricity.
An International Movement A Technology with a (Potentially) Huge Upside Amazonian Origins But is it Viable? Sustainable Solar-Dynamic Bio-Benign Design: Offering Better Ways to Live, at Less Cost Today and Tomorrow, Anywhere on Earth. Wastewater Home Page | Call to Action | Test Results & References Wastewater Management (chapter from the Solviva Book) WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT (A chapter from the SOLVIVA book) While designing my new home it became clear to me that I did not want a standard septic system. I had learned about the large amount of nitrogen that is contained in human waste, and that standard septic systems do not process this nitrogen but instead release most of it into the groundwater. And I knew that the nitrogen does not biodegrade or diminish in the groundwater, but instead travels unabated with the groundwater to the nearest lagoon, pond or harbor, no matter how far away.
Once there, the first plants that react to the nitrogen enrichment are the algae, which consequently multiply explosively, thereby causing devastation to our ecosystems. Standard on-site septic systems are constructed in accordance with the current laws of man, but these laws are in serious violation of the laws of Nature.
Amazonian Dark Earths - Terra Preta - Enhanced Middens of South America. Amazonian Dark Earths (ADE) or "terra preta" refers to organic-rich soils which have been documented in many areas within the Amazon rainforest of South America. A type of "super-midden", ADE is essentially a human-created A horizon, or anthrosol, built on top of existing nutrient-poor soils. Scholars debate, to some extent, whether they are the result of deliberate construction, or "anthropogenic", or merely an indirect benefit of living in villages and sharing a garbage dump, "anthropic". It was most likely a little of both.
Amazonian Dark Earths are found at archaeological remains of villages in association with pottery fragments, stone flakes and animal and plant remains; they are also found at burial mounds and artificially constructed ditches. Radiocarbon dating on charcoal found within ADE patches suggest that they were mostly created between 2500 and 500 years ago.
Benefits of Amazonian Dark Earths Amazonian Dark Earths Nutrients The Lost Cities and ADE ADE Outside of Amazonia.
Open Source Ecology. Practical Plants. Polycultures, Guilds & Companions... In addition to each plant being able to record interactions with other individual plants, users can also create polycultures or guilds of known plant combinations that work well together. We are at the very start of our collection of polycultures with The Three Sisters set up as a quick example. You can create your own favourite polycultures here: An open encyclopedia of plant information There are plenty of sources of plant information online.
It belongs to all of us Everything is editable by anybody, and licensed under a Creative Commons license to be used by anybody. A specific focus for a broad audience It's simple: if a plant has practical uses, inform how to propagate, cultivate, and use it. It's practical Covering edible, material and medicinal uses, design functions, propagation, cultivation, environmental preferences, interactions, polycultures (and so on...) The flexibility and strength of a wiki-base Curious about getting involved? Appropedia. - Terra Preta Archeologisch Onderzoeksproject naar Ecologische Landbouw. Global Peace Index. Global Peace Index Scores, 2012.
Countries appearing with a deeper shade of green are ranked as more peaceful, countries appearing more red are ranked as less peaceful. The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of nations' and regions' peacefulness. It is the product of Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) and developed in consultation with an international panel of peace experts from peace institutes and think tanks with data collected and collated by the Economist Intelligence Unit. The list was launched first in May 2007, then continued yearly. It is claimed to be the first study to rank countries around the world according to their peacefulness. It ranks 162 countries (up from 121 in 2007).
Expert Panel The expert panel for the 2013 GPI consisted of: Professor Kevin P. Methodology In attempting to gauge peacefulness, the GPI investigates the extent to which countries are involved in ongoing domestic and international conflicts. Life-cycle assessment. Life-cycle assessment (LCA, also known as life-cycle analysis, ecobalance, and cradle-to-grave analysis) is a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave (i.e., from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling). LCAs can help avoid a narrow outlook on environmental concerns by: Compiling an inventory of relevant energy and material inputs and environmental releases;Evaluating the potential impacts associated with identified inputs and releases;Interpreting the results to help make a more informed decision. Life Cycle Assessment Overview Goals and purpose The goal of LCA is to compare the full range of environmental effects assignable to products and services in order to improve processes, support policy and provide a sound basis for informed decisions. There are two main types of LCA.
Four main phases Het Autonome Huis. Life in Matavenero ecoVillage, Spain. It was ruined, overgrown, and without road access. Collectively the villagers care for 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres) of wild mountain landscape at an altitude of about 1,000m (3,300ft). The early settlers lived in tipis and quickly cleared the old paths, reconstructed the school house and repaired a two kilometre canal to bring water to the village. They began to create gardens for food, rebuilt ruined homes and installed a cable transport system which has helped more people to settle in the village. The community is an environmentally friendly settlement growing its own organic produce where now the third generation of children are starting to appear.
It continues to attract people from all over Europe to live, to take courses, or just visit. Spontaneous Organization for Polyculture. I think one reason monocrop agriculture has pervaded history is mental simplicity. It is a process that removes all possible variables. Beginning with eliminating all plant life, there are clearly defined steps. The whole procedure can be executed in less than a year, without a followup plan. The conventional crops can be applied more or less the same way, with the same equipment, almost anywhere there is dirt. If I crash landed on an uninhabited island, having never gardened, but with a basic understanding of the process, I could probably grow some food from seed. Till, sow, weed, water, pray. In an unstable world of its own making, agriculture must be culturally resilient (like coffee — not inherently necessary, but ritually simplistic, addictive, and handy in a pinch). And perhaps the best argument against permaculture is that only passionate ecologists can master the complexity of polyculture.
The Zen part of me has a solution for this: no plan. Is the tree big but unhealthy? Tiny natural homes built using natural building methods. The windmills of Iran catching the storm’s sting.
Lessons From Italy's Matera, the Sustainable City of Stone - Charles R. Wolfe. UNESCO has repeatedly used Matera, designated a World Heritage Site in 1996, as an educational case study for sustainable living In the provinces of southeastern Italy, the landscape is changing, as a new world of alternative energy infrastructure blends insular hill towns, turbines, and solar panels across traditional farmland. Yet, on the same horizons other age-old reflections of local, sustainable practices echo time-honored human traditions, as lessons for urban reinvention in a networked world. We need to discuss these lessons more often. For two August weeks observing the cities, towns, and villages of Basilicata, Molise, and Puglia, I pondered how these reflections of people and place could inform American aspirations -- often rhetorical -- for compact urban centers which incubate ideas and offer solutions.
An example is Matera, in Basilicata, currently a city of 60,000, with a unique legacy that frames a remarkable setting of almost 10,000 years of continuous human occupation. Damanhur Home Page. Yggdrasil - Een Didactisch-Ecologische Ontmoetingsplaats voor Permacultuur. Monolithic Dome homes, schools, churches, storages, gyms and more | Monolithic. In Transition 2.0 - a story of resilience and hope in extraordinary times. The Transition Movement have just made available free to view online their second film, In Transition 2.0. This film is an inspirational immersion in the Transition movement, gathering stories from around the world of ordinary people doing extraordinary things. There are stories of communities printing their own money, growing food, localising their economies and setting up community power stations. Transition is an idea that has gone viral, a social experiment that is about responding to uncertain times with solutions and optimism.
In a world of increasing uncertainty, here is a story of hope, ingenuity and the power of growing vegetables in unexpected places. It features the following subtitles, all of which have been done by volunteers in their respective countries: Albanian, Croatian, Dutch, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish.
Further Resources Is Transition a Trojan Horse for Permaculture? Monolithic Dome (green building forum at permies) SaybianTv wrote: Timby have you taken the MD course is Texas, I've watched the video dvd course over and over, and I just don't think it's enough for me to do them on my own. In places where nobody knows about MD's that pretty much makes the client the on site forman.
I watched a great video on youtube of a lady in Hawaii who built her own, day in and day out. The only thing she imported was some men to do the shockcrete. They went overboard and layed it on inch and a half thick and it collapsed. What really made her a tough cooky is she kicked them off the job and hand troweled it in the end. That video is what made me know a graphic artist turn gallant maverick buccaneer can do this.
I'm not with the MD folks or do I have any vested interest in the company. As for the MD's yes as with most building systems there are parts best left to the professionals. MD's have some of the same building practices as other homes with the exception of the shell. Sorry for getting on my soap box.... PERMACULTURE PRINCIPLES DESIGN DECK 2.0. At the heart of permaculture is a set of teachings from nature. These principles, directives, strategies, approaches, attitudes and design methods can be applied to any system of design and development. This is part of Nature's toolkit for creating and maintaining relationships, approaching challenges and opportunities, and creatively addressing the unique conditions of any site or situation.
In 2012 we shared a 64 card design deck. After sharing this with some of the Pioneers of Permaculture and collecting more of these valuable insights, we decided to release an extension set - a booster of 36 more cards! We are joyed to announce the release of an expanded edition of our Gaiacraft open source Permaculture Principles Design Deck. Printable files are available freely for download or you can get the fully produced card set direct from an on-demand printer by clicking the button at the top of this page.
Source curriculum : text : Delvin Solkinson : www.gaiacraft.com art and design : photos : Untitled. Legend of Badges Note: The various badges displayed in people profiles are largely honesty-based self-proclamations by the individuals themselves. There are reporting functions users can use if they know of blatant misrepresentation (for both people and projects). Legitimacy, competency and reputation for all people and projects can be evidenced and/or developed through their providing regular updates on permaculture work they’re involved in, before/after photographs, etc. A spirit of objective nurturing of both people and projects through knowledge/encouragement/inspiration/resource sharing is the aim of the Worldwide Permaculture Network.
Back to Afristar Afristar Permaculture Education Posters Project: Afristar Posted by about 3 years ago Afristar started a series of Permaculture posters in 2007 to help build awareness around Permaculture. Afristar Permaculture Posters.