Greek Gods Family Tree / Genealogy. Doing homework? Your teacher has already seen this. See Theoi; it has properly-sourced information. Image detail for -... Results 1 - 18 of about 209,000 for 12 Greek Gods and Goddesses. 3.bp.blogspot.com/_eXG1Sd8pfJI/S_fOdCPVUFI/AAAAAAAAASQ/aKxFG6LzvQg/s1600/family+tree.png. APHRODITE : Greek Goddess of Love & Beauty. APHRODITE was the great Olympian goddess of beauty, love, pleasure and and procreation.
She was depicted as a beautiful woman usually accompanied by the winged godling Eros (Love). Her attributes included a dove, apple, scallop shell and mirror. In classical sculpture and fresco she was often depicted nude. HERMES : Greek God of Herds, Trade & Athletics, Herald of the Gods. HERMES was the great Olympian God of animal husbandry, roads, travel, hospitality, heralds, diplomacy, trade, thievery, language, writing, persuasion, cunning wiles, athletic contests, gymnasiums, astronomy, and astrology.
He was also the personal agent and herald of Zeus, the king of the gods. Hermes was depicted as either a handsome and athletic, beardless youth, or as an older bearded man. DIONYSUS : Greek God of Wine & Festivity. DIONYSOS (or Dionysus) was the great Olympian god of wine, vegetation, pleasure and festivity.
He was depicted as either an older bearded god or a pretty effeminate, long-haired youth. His attributes included the thyrsos (a pine-cone tipped staff), drinking cup, leopard and fruiting vine. He was usually accompanied by a troop of Satyrs and Mainades (female devotees or nymphs). ATHENA : Greek Goddess of Wisdom, Crafts & War. Hephaestus were the great patrons both of the useful and elegant arts.
Hence she is called erganê (Paus. i. 24. § 3), and later writers make her the goddess of all widom, knowledge, and art, and represent her as sitting on the right hand side of her father Zeus, and supporting him with her counsel. (Hom. Od. xxiii 160, xviii. 190; Hymn. in Ven. 4, 7, &c.; Plut. Cim. 10; Ovid, Fast. iii. 833; Orph. Hymn. xxxi. 8; Spanh. ad Callim. p. 643; Horat. Mythology, w/ pictures. ARES was the great Olympian god of war, battlelust, civil order and manly courage.
In Greek art he was depicted as either a mature, bearded warrior dressed in battle arms, or a nude beardless youth with helm and spear. Because of his lack of distinctive attributes he is often difficult to identify in classical art. Some of the more famous myths featuring the god include:-- HEPHAESTUS : Greek God of Fire & Metalworking. HEPHAISTOS was the great Olympian god of fire, metalworking, stonemasonry and the art of sculpture.
He was usually depicted as a bearded man holding hammer and tongs--the tools of a smith--and riding a donkey. Some of the more famous myths featuring the god include:-- APOLLO : Greek God of Music, Healing & Prophecy. Various names and epithets which are given to Apollo, especially by later writers, such as akesios, akestôr, alexikakos, sôtêr, apotropaios, epikourios, iatromantis, and others, are descriptive of this power.
(Paus. i. 3. § 3, vi. 24. § 5, viii. 41. § 5; Plut. de Ei ap. Delph. 21, de Defect. Orac. 7; Aeschyl. ARTEMIS : Greek Goddess of Hunting & the Wilderness. ARTEMIS was the great Olympian goddess of hunting, wilderness and wild animals.
She was also a goddess of childbirth, and the protectress of the girl child up to the age of marriage. Her twin brother Apollon was similarly the protector of the boy child. Together the two gods were also bringers of sudden death and disease--Artemis targetted women and girls, and Apollon men and boys. In ancient art Artemis was usually depicted as a girl dressed in a short knee-length chiton and equipped with a hunting bow and quiver of arrows. HESTIA : Greek Goddess of the Hearth & Home. HESTIA was the virgin goddess of the hearth (both private and municipal) and the home.
As the goddess of the family hearth she also presided over the cooking of bread and the preparation of the family meal. Hestia was also the goddess of the sacrificial flame and received a share of every sacrifice to the gods. The cooking of the communal feast of sacrificial meat was naturally a part of her domain. In myth Hestia was the first born child of Kronos and Rhea who was swallowed by her father at birth. Zeus later forced the old Titan to disgorge Hestia and her siblings.
POSEIDON : Greek God of the Sea & Earthquakes. POSEIDON (Poseidôn), the god of the Mediterranean sea.
His name seems to be connected with potos, pontos and potamos, according to which he is the god of the fluid element. (Müller, Proleg. p. 290.) He was a son of Cronos and Rhea (whence he is called Kronios and by Latin poets Saturnius, Pind. HERA : Greek Goddess of Marriage, Queen of Heaven. Her character, as described by Homer, is not of a very amiable kind, and its main features are jealousy, obstinacy, and a quarrelling disposition, which sometimes makes her own husband tremble (i. 522, 536, 561, v. 892.) Hence there arise frequent disputes between Hera and Zeus; and on one occasion Hera, in conjunction with Poseidon and Athena, contemplated putting Zeus into chains (viii. 408, i. 399). Zeus, in such cases, not only threatens, but beats her; and once he even hung her up in the clouds, her hands chained, and with two anvils suspended from her feet (viii. 400, &c., 477, xv. 17, &c.; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1003).
Hence she is frightened by his threats, and gives way when he is angry; and when she is unable to gain her ends in any other way, she has recourse to cunning and intrigues (xix. 97). Thus she borrowed from Aphrodite the girdle, the giver of charm and fascination, to excite the love of Zeus (xiv. 215, &c.). ZEUS : Greek King of the Gods, God of Sky & Weather. In the meantime Cronos by a cunning device of Ge or Metis was made to bring up the children he had swallowed, and first of all the stone, which was afterwards set up by Zeus at Delphi.
The young god now delivered the Cyclopes from the bonds with which they had been fettered by Cronos, and they in their gratitude provided him with thunder and lightning. On the advice of Ge. Zeus also liberated the hundred-armed Gigantes, Briareos, Cottus, and Gyes, that they might assist him in his fight against the Titans. (Apollod. i. 2. § 1; Hes. Theog. 617, &c.) HADES : Greek king of the underworld, god of the dead ; mythology ; pictures : HAIDES, PLUTO. HAIDES (Aides, Aidoneus, or Hades) was the King of the Underworld, the god of death and the dead. He presided over funeral rites and defended the right of the dead to due burial. Haides was also the god of the hidden wealth of the earth, from the fertile soil with nourished the seed-grain, to the mined wealth of gold, silver and other metals. Hades was devoured by Kronos as soon as he was born, along with four of his siblings.
Zeus later caused the Titan to disgorge them, and together they drove the Titan gods from heaven and locked them away in the pit of Tartaros. PERSEPHONE : Greek queen of the underworld, goddess of spring ; mythology ; pictures : PROSERPINA. PERSEPHONE was the goddess queen of the underworld, wife of the god Haides. She was also the goddess of spring growth, who was worshipped alongside her mother Demeter in the Eleusinian Mysteries. This agricultural-based cult promised its initiates passage to a blessed afterlife. Persephone was titled Kore (the Maiden) as the goddess of spring's bounty. Persephone & Demeter (myth) - Ancient Greek & Roman Gods for Kids. DEMETER : Greek Goddess of Agriculture & Grain.