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What makes a hero? - Matthew Winkler. The Hero Archetype in Literature, Religion, and Popular Culture: (along with a useful PowerPoint presentation teachers can download at this URL: )Maricopa Center for Learning and Instruction (users embark on their own hero's journey): American Masters Lesson from PBS for Teachers on George Lucas, the Power of Myth, and the Hero's Journey: an interactive approach to the Hero's Journey: of course, information about Joseph Campbell's works on the subject, on the Joseph Campbell Foundation site:The Hero With A Thousand Faces Hero's Journey (semi-biographical film):

A host of heroes - April Gudenrath. Northrop Frye, working in the field of literature, defined an archetype as a symbol, usually an image, which recurs often enough in literature to be recognizable as an element of one’s literary experience as a whole. Another way of thinking about archetypes is to imagine that in some way it is possible to plot the important aspects of a story onto a graph. If enough points from several stories were plotted a pattern would start to appear. If one then drew a line that approximated the pattern that emerged in the points, that best fit line would be an archetype.

No story perfectly matches the archetype, and some stories will diverge from the archetype more than others. Epic Traditions: The Hero. The Heroic Tradition. Since the late 1970s Gregory Nagy has taught a Harvard course called “Concepts of the Hero in Classical Greek Civilization,” passing his enthusiasm for the classics on to thousands upon thousands of students. This spring, though, with an adaptation of the course being offered as a HarvardX MOOC (“massive open online course”), he’s likely topped those numbers in one swoop—and it’s not too late for you to join in. The course, now titled “The Ancient Greek Hero,” is a survey of ancient Greek literature focusing on classical concepts of the hero and how they can inform our understanding of the human condition.

We at HUP are quite pleased to be publishing a companion volume, The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours, perfect for those who prefer their learning a bit less massive and not so plugged in. In the video below, Nagy explains the course and book: And, from the HarvardX folks, a bit more on the course: Registration for “The Ancient Greek Hero” is open through the end of June. Herakles. The three general characteristics of the hero are (1) s/he is extreme, in both good and bad ways; (2) s/he is unseasonal; and (3) s/he has a ritually antagonistic relationship with the god or goddess most like him/her.

This relationship is for the hero a sort of fatal attraction. The example of Herakles, the best known Panhellenic hero, shows these qualties well. He is extreme in that he can accomplish feats that no other mortal can (in addition to the Labors, Herakles is also the mortal who is the key ally in the gods' victory over the giants in the Gigantomachy). He also can do extremely horrific acts, like killing his wife and children in a murderous rage.

That Herakles is unseasonal is seen in his name and life story. The ancient Greek word for natural time, natural life, natural life-cycle, was hôra . The goddess of hôra (plural hôrai ) was Hêra (the two forms hôra and Hêra are related to each other). Hero. Following the previous topic, we now touch on one of the most controversial questions that the Odyssey leaves its readers with. Is the man Odysseus, the hero of this poem, actually the ideal of the Greek hero in the ancient world? Certainly, people can argue both ways and support their arguments from evidence in the reading. According to our views, Odysseus is definitely one of, if not the one, ideal hero of the ancient Greek world. There are quite a lot of reasons why this is so. Firstly, Odysseus is an ideal hero in both the physical and the spiritual sense. In the spiritual sense Odysseus is a hero, because he remains faithful and loyal to his wife and household.

Another important point which proves that Odysseus was the ideal hero, is the fact that at the end of the story he is able to reach Ithaca and establish peace on the island with the help of Athena. However, the fact that Odysseus does have some flaws cannot be rejected. Back to Home Page. Essay Example. Characteristics of a Greek Hero by Kaite Baldwin on Prezi. Dr. J's Illustrated Lectures. Four Conceptions of the Heroic. Four Conceptions of the Heroic by Vera Norman Adapted from a presentation given at the February 2003 FORum.

The characteristics of the hero have changed over time: today’s hero doesn’t much resemble the Homeric heroes of the Iliad and the Odyssey like Achilles, or of Sophocle’s Antigone, or even the later Roman heroes of Virgil’s Aeneid whose protagonist, Aeneas, manipulates the beautiful Queen Dido to take advantage of her in such a way we moderns would find reprehensible and totally unprincipled. The Classical Hero Here are the main characteristics of the epic classical hero of Greek and Roman literature: The notion of virtue implicit in these characteristics is implicit in the philosophy of the time. The classical hero is succeeded by the medieval knight in the heroic literature. A consideration of Machiavelli’s The Prince serves as an illustration of the philosophy of realism behind the notion of the heroic in the Middle Ages through the Renaissance.

Respond to this Commentary. Heroes and the Homeric Iliad. Greek heroes. Greek Heroes and Heroines | Mythography. Home | Greek Heroes This is a list of links for the section on Greek heroes and heroines. As you may notice, the various heroes are organized alphabetically. If you are looking for information about a specific hero or heroine, you can either browse through the following pages, or use the Mythography search engine (located to the right). Heroes & Heroines A-C | Greek heroes, from Achilles through Cassiopeia. This list includes legendary heroes such as Ajax, Ariadne, and Bellerophon.

Heroes & Heroines C-H | More Greek heroes, from the brothers Castor and Polydeuces through Hippolytus. Other famous names are Helen of Troy and Herakles. Heroes & Heroines I-O | Iphigenia through Oedipus are represented on this page. Heroes & Heroines O-T | This page features more heroes, from Orion through Theseus. The Greek Heroes by Charles Kingsley. Greek Heroes in Ancient Greek Mythology. The Greek heroes were playing a significant part in the Greek myths and folk tales. They usually were characters with a daring personality and extraordinary abilities, mostly arising from the Trojan War. Famous Greek Heroes Heracles the strongest hero of Ancient Greece Jason the Leader of the Argonauts Trojan War Heroes Achilles the most important hero of the Trojan War Odysseus the cunning hero of the Trojan War Kings and Founders Inachos the king and presumable founder of Argos Pelias the power-loving King of Iolcos Theseus the King and Founding Hero of Athens, Greece Extraordinary Women Danae the mother of Perseus Europe the beautiful princess abducted by Zeus Helen the most beautiful woman in the world Medea the revengeful enchantress Pandora the first woman ever created Psyche the deification of the human's soul Olympic Heroes Pelops the mythical founder of the Olympic Games Further Greek Heroes Actaeon the unfortunate hunter of Boeotia Linus the Music teacher of Heracles Narcissus the handsome boy in love with himself.

Greek Mythology: Heroes. The Concept of the Hero in Greek Civilization. When we consider the Hero in ancient Greek culture, from the start we must 'de-familiarize' our notion of what a hero is. The ancient Greek concept of a hero was different from our own culture's. First and foremost, the ancient Greek hero was a religious figure, a dead person who received cult honors and was expected in return to bring prosperity, especially in the form of fertility of plants (crops) and animals, to the community.

To learn more about the cult worship of heroes, see Gregory Nagy's Relevant facts about ancient Greek hero cults . The hero is also a literary figure, of course, but here, too, we need caution so that we do not misapply our own cultural ideas and standards to the ancient Greek hero. A key part to the narrative of the hero's life is that s/he undergoes some sort of ordeal. The hero, who is mortal , not immortal like the gods, must suffer during his or her lifetime, and, significantly, must die.