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Building Armies in the Harsh World of Medieval England. Uncovering the African Presence in Medieval Europe. Medieval villagers mutilated the dead to stop them rising, study finds. A study by archaeologists has revealed certain people in medieval Yorkshire were so afraid of the dead they chopped, smashed and burned their skeletons to make sure they stayed in their graves.

Medieval villagers mutilated the dead to stop them rising, study finds

What You Don’t Know About the Vikings. This story appears in the March 2017 issue of National Geographic magazine.

What You Don’t Know About the Vikings

A cold drizzle falls as we shiver in the streets, waiting for the Viking lord and his band of raiders to appear. It’s a raw January night in the old Shetland town of Lerwick, but there’s euphoria in the air. Beside me, a man with two young children laughs as he spots a red smoky haze rising behind the town hall. “Looks like they torched the whole building,” he shouts, to grins all around. Fire, after all, is why we are here. Why Medieval Castle Staircases Are Always Clockwise - Simplemost. The Vikings at home. City of Death – A Brief History of London and the Plague. Sweeping across Europe, the bubonic plague was one of the first recorded instances of a pandemic in history.

City of Death – A Brief History of London and the Plague

It reached England for the first time in 1348 and quickly hit London as it was a major shipping centre. Killing scores, it earned the nickname of the Black Death and would return to terrorize the city for a total of forty times until the last major outbreak in 1665 (even though smaller outbreaks would occur in Europe until 1750). From the first outbreak to the last, the Bubonic Plague would strike roughly every 20 to 30 years and kill off approximately 20% of London’s population each time.

Q&A: When and where was the trebuchet invented? Like many premodern technologies, it is not known for sure when or where the first trebuchet appeared...

Q&A: When and where was the trebuchet invented?

This Q&A first appeared in the August 2013 issue of BBC History Magazine Wednesday 31st July 2013 Submitted by: Ellie Cawthorne. An A to Z of the Plantagenet royal dynasty. The Plantagenet dynasty ruled England from 1154 to 1485, longer than any other royal family.

An A to Z of the Plantagenet royal dynasty

During such a lengthy period the country and the way it was ruled changed enormously. At the beginning England was just one part of a loose confederation of states, most of which lay in what is now France. Gradually the kings lost control of their lands beyond the channel and, by 1485, only Calais was left. One reason for this contraction was that the barons, on whom the crown relied, gradually identified themselves with their English estates and lost interest in foreign adventures. The Plantagenets tried to extend their rule over Wales (successfully), Scotland (unsuccessfully) and Ireland (partially successfully).

What Was the Difference Between Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish Vikings? – Author C.J. Adrien. Today we refer to Viking Age Scandinavians generally as Vikings as though they were one group.

What Was the Difference Between Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish Vikings? – Author C.J. Adrien

Linguistic nuances over the modern use of the word Viking aside, the fact is that the historical group known as “Vikings” were not a homogenous people. We know from various sources that from as early as the late 8th Century, broad geographically related forms of identity, such as Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian existed. These are not to be confused with the notion of national identity of the modern era—there were no unified forms of government that we would consider a nation-state quite yet, although they would develop closely thereafter through the late middle ages. Further confounding the subject of identity among Viking Age Scandinavians are regional differences. 10 dangers of the medieval period: plague, famine, violence and childbirth.

1) Plague The plague was one of the biggest killers of the Middle Ages – it had a devastating effect on the population of Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries.

10 dangers of the medieval period: plague, famine, violence and childbirth

Also known as the Black Death, the plague (caused by the bacterium called Yersinia pestis) was carried by fleas most often found on rats. It had arrived in Europe by 1348, and thousands died in places ranging from Italy, France and Germany to Scandinavia, England, Wales, Spain and Russia. Medieval London’s worst smells. By historical standards, London today is a clean city.

Medieval London’s worst smells

Effluent drains through the sewers, domestic waste gets collected, everyone showers daily. But as Dan Snow explains, that certainly wasn’t the case in the medieval era. So what were medieval London’s stinkiest stinks? This article was first published in the April 2011 issue of BBC History Magazine A woman emptying a chamber pot. Surviving Winter in the Middle Ages. Pavel Sapozhnikov and his goat, Glasha, surviving a harsh Russian winter living as people did in the ninth century.

Surviving Winter in the Middle Ages

Photo courtesy of Alone in the Past. In 2013, a medieval reenactment group set out to see what it would be like to survive a Russian winter in the Middle Ages. They selected one of their members, Pavel Sapozhnikov, to live on a farmstead, with only ninth century tools, clothing and shelter for six months as part of a project entitled, Alone in the Past. Once a day, Pavel would speak for half an hour into a camera to recount his day, and share his experiences. Medieval Europe Sources - History Skills Online. Medieval women: what was life like for a housewife in the Middle Ages? Here, writing for History Extra, Toni Mount, author of The Medieval Housewife and Other Women of the Middle Ages, reveals what life was like for a typical housewife in the Middle Ages.

Medieval women: what was life like for a housewife in the Middle Ages?

“A woman’s work is never done!” As my mother used to say in the 1960s, when she cared for our family of five and assorted pets, while working as a school dinner lady. Yet this claim was expressed centuries earlier when the Tudor writer and poet Thomas Tusser wrote in his A Hundreth Good Pointes of Husbandrie in 1557: Some respite to husbands the weather may send, But housewives’ affairs have never an end.

We can only imagine the drudgery of struggling to do the washing, cooking and cleaning when every task had to be done from scratch – before the linen could be washed, the housewife had to make the lye (the medieval equivalent of detergent) to soak it in, and before dinner could be cooked, the fire had to be lit. Women cutting pig's trotters. Post-Black Death: a ‘golden age’ for medieval women? In April 1349, as the Black Death swept through London, Mathilda de Myms drew up her will. Her husband, John, had died the previous month, leaving his tenements to his wife and entrusting to her the guardianship of their daughter, Isabella.

But the plague continued to ravage the capital, and Mathilda – wisely, as it transpired – decided to get her affairs in order. Shortly afterwards she was herself struck down. John and Mathilda had run a business making religious images and paintings. Mathilda’s will arranged for her apprentice, William, to continue his training with a monk in Bermondsey Priory, and bequeathed to him the tools he needed, together with one of her best chests in which to keep them. Medieval Europe. A Medieval Atlas. By Melissa Snell Nothing helps bring the past into focus quite like a well-executed map. BBC Bitesize - KS3 History - King John and Magna Carta - Revision 1. Medieval England. Anglorum - Article Index. Middle Ages Hygiene. Shields, Knights and Heraldry - Make a medieval coat of arms. Introduction to The Middle Ages. Mediaeval Period.

This section is dedicated to the Medieval Period which dates from 1066 - 1485. Interest in Middle Ages Castles naturally progresses to the people who lived in and around them! Saint-Denis, a town in the Middle Ages. Medieval Clip Art. Medieval Calendar Calculator. Castles. Witnesses to Joan of Arc and The Hundred Years' War. Activity 1. Joan of Arc's Trials: The Testimony of the Witnesses You will be assigning excerpts from the trial transcripts to small groups of students. Allow time in class, or at home, for students to read their assigned excerpts and to prepare members of the group to role-play the person or persons in the excerpt and then, no longer role-playing, to answer questions and/or lead discussion reflecting on the excerpt. History - Conquest Trail. History - Ancient History in depth: Ages of Treasure Timeline.

A medieval mystery - The National Archives. Tax records can tell us a great deal about life in the Middle Ages. They don’t usually come with pictures, but this one does. Black Plague Simulation. Secrets of Lost Empires. By Dennis Gaffney. Secrets of Lost Empires. V I K I N G S : T H E   N O R T H   A T L A N T I C   S A G A. Maps to be Used for the History of Europe.

Periodis Web - A Historical Atlas and Gazetteer of Europe from Year 1 to 2000 Europe in Year 2000. The Britannia Lexicon. Have you always wanted to travel back in time to the Middle Ages but were hesitant because you didn't speak the language? Presenting the Britannia Lexicon of strange legal, feudal, chivalric, monastic, military and architectural terms to help you understand what those guys back then were really trying to say.

Medieval and Renaissance Fact and Fiction. Undefined. Home - Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. Medieval History: Life in the Middle Ages & Renaissance. Home. Click here to jump straight to the articles: Original Preface. MedievalChurch.org.uk:An Internet Resource for Studying the Church of the Middles Ages. International Joan of Arc Society. International Joan of Arc Society Société Internationale de l'étude de Jeanne d'Arc The International Joan of Arc Society / Société Internationale de l'étude de Jeanne d'Arc is a WWW repository of scholarly and pedagogic information about Joan of Arc collected by faculty, independent scholars, and students.

Director: Bonnie Wheeler Assistant Director: Jane Marie Pinzino. ORB: The Encyclopedia. Monastic Matrix. Explore Byzantium. De Re Militari » The Society for Medieval Military History. Where the Middle Ages Begin. Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts. NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources. Medieval Writing. The Online Medieval & Classical Library. Internet History Sourcebooks. Update Information 2006: In 2006 the Internet Medieval Sourcebooks and associated sourcebooks are undergoing a major overhaul to remove bad links and add more documents. 1. This project is both very large and fairly old in Internet terms.

At the time it was instigated (1996), it was not clear that web sites [and the documents made available there] would often turn out to be transient. As a result there is a process called "link rot" - which means that a "broken link" is a result of someone having taken down a web page. In some cases some websites have simply reorganized sub-directories without creating forwarding links. 2. 3. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook is organized as three main index pages, with a number of supplementary documents. INTRODUCTION: MEDIEVAL SOURCES ON THE INTERNET Historians teaching medieval history surveys almost always want to combine a textbook, a sourcebook, and additional readings.

Turning the Pages: Virtual books.

Crusades

Middle Ages for Kids. Middle Ages. Updated September 2010 Terms & Glossaries / Timelines / Maps / Feudalism - Daily Life - Carolingian Empire/Charlemagne The Crusades - Heraldry - Chivalry - Knighthood / War, Warfare & Weaponry Important People / Law / Science & Technology / Castles / Medieval Women / Religion & The Church The Black Death (Plague) Witchcraft Trials / Punishment & Torture / Nostradamus Jesters / Food, Fashion, & Entertainment Music & Theatre / Art & Architecture Manuscripts & Books / Various Topics & General/Comprehensive Sites.