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George Orwell

George Orwell
English author and journalist (1903–1950) Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic.[1] His work is characterised by lucid prose, social criticism, opposition to totalitarianism, and support of democratic socialism.[2] Blair was born in India, and raised and educated in England. After school he became an Imperial policeman in Burma, before returning to Suffolk, England, where he began his writing career as George Orwell—a name inspired by a favourite location, the River Orwell. Life[edit] Early years[edit] Blair family home at Shiplake, Oxfordshire Before the First World War, the family moved 2 miles (3 km) south to Shiplake, Oxfordshire, where Eric became friendly with the Buddicom family, especially their daughter Jacintha. In January, Blair took up the place at Wellington, where he spent the Spring term. Policing in Burma[edit] Blair pictured in a passport photo in Burma. Works: Related:  Littérature

Nineteen Eighty-Four History and title[edit] A 1947 draft manuscript of the first page of Nineteen Eighty-Four, showing the editorial development. The Last Man in Europe was an early title for the novel but in a letter dated 22 October 1948 to his publisher Fredric Warburg, eight months before publication, Orwell wrote about hesitating between The Last Man in Europe and Nineteen Eighty-Four.[14] Warburg suggested changing the main title to a more commercial one.[15] Copyright status[edit] The novel will be in the public domain in the European Union and Russia in 2021 and in the United States in 2044.[21] It is already in the public domain in Canada;[22] South Africa,[23] Argentina[24] Australia,[25] and Oman.[26] Background[edit] The banner of the Party in the 1984 film adaptation of the book (I) the upper-class Inner Party, the elite ruling minority, who make up 2% of the population. As the government, the Party controls the population with four ministries: Plot[edit] Characters[edit] Principal characters[edit]

Oscar Wilde Œuvres principales Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Enfance[modifier | modifier le code] Maison des Wilde à Dublin (1, Merrion Square). Mémorial à Oscar Wilde (Merrion Square, Dublin). Oscar Wilde naît au 21 Westland Row à Dublin (aujourd'hui le siège de l'Oscar Wilde Centre (en), Trinity College). Les poèmes des Young Irelanders, que leur mère leur lit régulièrement, font, dès le plus jeune âge, partie intégrante de l'univers culturel dans lequel baignent les deux frères Oscar et Willie Wilde. En 1855, la famille Wilde emménage au 1 Merrion Square, où leur fille Isola voit le jour deux ans plus tard. Jusqu'à l'âge de neuf ans, Oscar Wilde est éduqué à domicile, sous la garde d'une bonne française et d'une gouvernante allemande[10]. Études supérieures[modifier | modifier le code] Trinity College[modifier | modifier le code] Cette découverte de l'hellénisme va, pour Oscar Wilde, de pair avec un approfondissement de ses conceptions esthétiques, qui commencent à se préciser. et aussi :

Nineteen Eighty-Four 1949 dystopian novel by George Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four (also published as 1984) is a dystopian social science fiction novel and cautionary tale by English writer George Orwell. It was published on 8 June 1949 by Secker & Warburg as Orwell's ninth and final book completed in his lifetime. Thematically, it centres on the consequences of totalitarianism, mass surveillance and repressive regimentation of people and behaviours within society.[2][3] Orwell, a democratic socialist, modelled the authoritarian state in the novel on Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany.[2][3][4] More broadly, the novel examines the role of truth and facts within societies and the ways in which they can be manipulated. Writing and publication[edit] Idea[edit] The Orwell Archive at University College London contains undated notes about ideas that evolved into Nineteen Eighty-Four. Writing[edit] The novel was completed at Barnhill, Jura Title[edit] This idea [...] seems far too cute for such a serious book. [...] Trotsky

H. G. Wells Herbert George "H. G." Wells (21 September 1866 – 13 August 1946)[3] was an English writer, now best known for his work in the science fiction genre. He was also a prolific writer in many other genres, including contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, even writing textbooks and rules for war games. Wells's earliest specialised training was in biology, and his thinking on ethical matters took place in a specifically and fundamentally Darwinian context.[5] He was also from an early date an outspoken socialist, often (but not always, as at the beginning of the First World War) sympathising with pacifist views. Early life[edit] A defining incident of young Wells's life was an accident in 1874 that left him bedridden with a broken leg.[3] To pass the time he started reading books from the local library, brought to him by his father. No longer able to support themselves financially, the family instead sought to place their sons as apprentices in various occupations. H.

V for Vendetta Publication history[edit] When the publishers cancelled Warrior in 1985 (with two completed issues unpublished due to the cancellation), several companies attempted to convince Moore and Lloyd to let them publish and complete the story. In 1988, DC Comics published a ten-issue series that reprinted the Warrior stories in colour, then continued the series to completion. The first new material appeared in issue No. 7, which included the unpublished episodes that would have appeared in Warrior No. 27 and No. 28. Tony Weare drew one chapter ("Vincent") and contributed additional art to two others ("Valerie" and "The Vacation"); Steve Whitaker and Siobhan Dodds worked as colourists on the entire series. Background[edit] David Lloyd's paintings for V for Vendetta in Warrior originally appeared in black-and-white. Cover of Warrior#19, highlighting the comic's conflict between anarchist and fascist philosophies. Plot[edit] Book 1: Europe After the Reign[edit] Book 2: This Vicious Cabaret[edit]

H. G. Wells Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wells. Herbert George Wells, plus connu sous la signature H. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Il fut un auteur très prolifique qui écrivit aussi bien des romans réalistes que de la science-fiction, comme des essais sur l'histoire de l'humanité ou l'évolution future de la société. Enfance et jeunesse[modifier | modifier le code] H.George Wells fut le cinquième et dernier enfant de Joseph Wells, un jardinier et joueur de cricket devenu boutiquier, et de Sarah Neal, une ancienne domestique. Un incident survenu alors qu'il n'avait que sept ans fut déterminant pour la suite de sa vie. Incapable de supporter plus longtemps leur charge de famille, les parents Wells eurent l'idée de placer leurs garçons comme apprentis dans différents corps de métier. Années d'études[modifier | modifier le code] H. En 1883, son employeur le renvoya, arguant qu'il n'était pas satisfait de ses services.

Keep the Aspidistra Flying Novel by George Orwell Book cover of a Penguin Books edition. Keep the Aspidistra Flying, first published in 1936, is a socially critical novel by George Orwell. It is set in 1930s London. The main theme is Gordon Comstock's romantic ambition to defy worship of the money-god and status, and the dismal life that results. Background[edit] Orwell wrote the book in 1934 and 1935, when he was living at various locations near Hampstead in London, and drew on his experiences in these and the preceding few years. In 1932 Orwell took a job as a teacher in a small school in West London. In October 1934, after Orwell had spent nine months at his parents' home in Southwold, his aunt Nellie Limouzin found him a job as a part-time assistant in Booklovers' Corner, a second-hand bookshop in Hampstead run by Francis and Myfanwy Westrope. By the end of February 1935 Orwell had moved into a flat in Parliament Hill; his landlady, Rosalind Obermeyer, was studying at the University of London. Title[edit]

Aldous Huxley English writer and philosopher (1894–1963) Aldous Leonard Huxley ( AWL-dəs; 26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer and philosopher.[1][2][3][4] His bibliography spans nearly 50 books,[5][6] including novels and non-fiction works, as well as essays, narratives, and poems. Born into the prominent Huxley family, he graduated from Balliol College, Oxford, with an undergraduate degree in English literature. Early life[edit] English Heritageblue plaque at 16 Bracknell Gardens, Hampstead, London, commemorating Aldous, his brother Julian, and his father Leonard As a child, Huxley's nickname was "Ogie", short for "Ogre".[19] He was described by his brother, Julian, as someone who frequently [contemplated] the strangeness of things".[19] According to his cousin and contemporary Gervas Huxley, he had an early interest in drawing.[19] I believe his blindness was a blessing in disguise. Career[edit] Contact with the Bloomsbury Set[edit] Life in the United States[edit] Biographer Harold H.

Alan Moore Alan Moore (born 18 November 1953) is an English writer primarily known for his work in comic books including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, and From Hell.[1] Frequently described as the best graphic novel writer in history,[2][3] he has been called "one of the most important British writers of the last fifty years".[4] He has occasionally used such pseudonyms as Curt Vile, Jill de Ray, Translucia Baboon and The Original Writer. Moore is an occultist, ceremonial magician,[6] and anarchist,[7] and has featured such themes in works including Promethea, From Hell, and V for Vendetta, as well as performing avant-garde spoken word occult "workings" with The Moon and Serpent Grand Egyptian Theatre of Marvels, some of which have been released on CD. Early life[edit] "LSD was an incredible experience. Not that I'm recommending it for anybody else; but for me it kind of – it hammered home to me that reality was not a fixed thing. Alan Moore (2003)[2](pp19–20) Career[edit] Early career: 1978–1980[edit]

Orson Welles George Orson Welles [ d͡ʒɔɹd͡ʒ ˈɔɹsən wɛlz][1], simplement appelé Orson Welles, est un artiste américain, à la fois acteur, réalisateur, producteur et scénariste, mais également metteur en scène de théâtre, dessinateur, écrivain et illusionniste, né le 6 mai 1915 à Kenosha (Wisconsin) et mort le 10 octobre 1985 à Hollywood (Californie). Il a été parfois crédité sous les noms de O. W. Jeeves ou G. O. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Jeunesse[modifier | modifier le code] Son père, Richard Heard Welles, est un industriel dilettante et un grand voyageur[6] ; sa mère, Béatrice Welles née Ives[7], est pianiste[8]. « Mon père était un bon vivant de l'époque édouardienne qui aimait se dire inventeur[9]. Le jeune Orson grandit dans une ambiance raffinée et cultivée avec une touche d'excentricité. Gate Theatre (1930–1933)[modifier | modifier le code] Aficionado[modifier | modifier le code] New York (1934–1938)[modifier | modifier le code] Off-Broadway[modifier | modifier le code]

Coming Up for Air Novel by George Orwell Coming Up for Air is the seventh book by English writer George Orwell, published in June 1939 by Victor Gollancz. It was written between 1938 and 1939 while Orwell spent time recuperating from illness in French Morocco, mainly in Marrakesh. He delivered the completed manuscript to Victor Gollancz upon his return to London in March 1939. Background[edit] As a child, Orwell lived at Shiplake and Henley in the Thames Valley. In 1937 Orwell spent some months fighting in the Spanish Civil War. Orwell was severely ill in 1938 and was advised to spend the winter in a warm climate. Plot summary[edit] The book's themes are nostalgia, the folly of trying to go back and recapture past glories, and the easy way the dreams and aspirations of one's youth can be smothered by the humdrum routine of work, marriage, and getting old. At the book's opening, Bowling has a day off work to go to London to collect a new set of false teeth. Characters[edit] Style[edit] See also[edit]

Isaac Asimov Home Page Welcome to the Isaac Asimov Home Page. Here you'll find a comprehensive collection of resources pertaining to Isaac Asimov (1920-1992), the quintessential author, who in his lifetime wrote over 500 books that enlightened, entertained, and spanned the realm of human knowledge. The Isaac Asimov FAQ The FAQ for the Usenet newsgroup alt.books.isaac-asimov provides answers to the frequently asked questions about Isaac Asimov, and is an excellent place to start if you have questions about him. Included is biographical information about both his personal life and his literary life, answers to questions about the Foundation and Robot series, and more. For a German translation of the FAQ, see Bálint Krizsán's site. The Isaac Asimov Memorial Panel Debate Janet and Robyn Asimov, working with the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, established the Isaac Asimov Fund to support the annual Isaac Asimov Memorial Panel Debate as part of the Museum's Hayden Planetarium Programs. Reviews