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Library of Babel

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Anaximander of Miletus and His Philosophy on the Origin of All Things Anaximander of Miletus was a Pre-Socratic philosopher who belonged to the Milesian school. As indicated by its name, this school of thought was based in the city of Miletus on the western coast of Anatolia, modern day Turkey. Anaximander is one of the three prominent figures in this philosophical school, the other two being Thales and Anaximenes, the former commonly thought to have been Anaximander’s teacher, whilst the latter, his student. It has been pointed out that these three early philosophers held quite distinct views on most subjects, and that their grouping is based on geographical convenience rather than on shared opinions. Anaximander is thought to have been born in 610 BC. “And Apollodorus, in his Chronicles, states, that in the second year of the fifty-eighth Olympiad, he (Anaximander) was sixty-four years old.” In other words, in the year 546 BC, Anaximander was 64 years old. Anaximander’s Creations Very little is known about Anaximander’s life. By Wu Mingren

Venn diagram Example[edit] Sets A (creatures with two legs) and B (creatures that can fly) Humans and penguins are bipedal, and so are then in the orange circle, but since they cannot fly they appear in the left part of the orange circle, where it does not overlap with the blue circle. Mosquitoes have six legs, and fly, so the point for mosquitoes is in the part of the blue circle that does not overlap with the orange one. Creatures that are not two-legged and cannot fly (for example, whales and spiders) would all be represented by points outside both circles. History[edit] Venn diagrams were introduced in 1880 by John Venn (1834–1923) in a paper entitled On the Diagrammatic and Mechanical Representation of Propositions and Reasonings in the "Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science", about the different ways to represent propositions by diagrams.[1][2] The use of these types of diagrams in formal logic, according to Ruskey and M. In the 20th century, Venn diagrams were further developed. A.

a dump of stuff I don't know why I saved The Universal Library by Kurd Lasswitz | Mithila Review Translated from the German by Erik Born Publication Note As far as we are aware, the source for this translation is in the public domain, since the text was originally published in Germany in 1904 and the author passed away in 1910. Translator’s Preface Kurd Lasswitz’s short story “Die Universalbibliothek” is a historical work of speculative fiction about the desirability of creating a universal library, which would contain not only everything already written in the past but also anything possibly written in the future. At first glance, “Die Universalbibliothek” may appear to offer little more than an elementary lesson in arithmetic with the main character, a mathematics professor, serving as a thinly veiled stand-in for the author.[2] Admittedly, the calculations involved in the story will not dazzle any mathematicians, and the somewhat predictable dialogue, rigid characterizations, and almost non-existent plot will hardly overwhelm the literati. “That’s certainly true, Mrs. “What?” [1].

How Ancient Greek Statues Really Looked: Research Reveals their Bold, Bright Colors and Patterns "Did they have color in the past?" This question, one often hears, ranks among the darndest things said by kids, or at least kids who have learned a little about history, but not the history of photography. But even the kids who get seriously swept up in stories and images of the past might hold on to the misconception, given how thoroughly time has monochromatized the artifacts of previous civilizations. As much as such precocious youngsters have always learned from trips to the museum to see, for instance, ancient Greek statues, they haven't come away with an accurate impression of how they really looked in their day. Recent research has begun to change that. "To us, classical antiquity means white marble," writes Smithsonian magazine's Matthew Gurewitsch. In the years since the discovery of ancient Greek statues' original colors, the reactions of us moderns have, shall we say, varied. (via i09) Related Content: Watch Art on Ancient Greek Vases Come to Life with 21st Century Animation

The Monk Effect: Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, Walt Disney - ALUX Many great entrepreneurs have had a moment when they have lost everything. Monks create this situation intentionally through “Vairagya” when they give up all money and possessions. Many entrepreneurs end up in the same situation unintentionally. Elon Musk lost $180M and was in debt in 2008. Seven years later, he’s worth $13 billion, but he’d be ready to risk it all again. Steve Jobs lost his entire Apple fortune by 1994, betting it on NeXT and Pixar. Walt Disney mortgaged away his entire fortune in the 1950s to build Disneyland, against everyone’s advice. Each bet everything material they had on something invisible – their purpose and vision. Monks call the state that comes after giving up everything “Moksha” which means liberation from the illusion. I’m not saying great entrepreneurs are monks, but they do have ‘monk moments’ when they lose everything. Many of the greatest entrepreneurs unintentionally find themselves in this state by betting everything on their dream. As Walt Disney said

Pour éviter les procès pour plagiat dans la musique, un algorithme met 68 milliards de mélodies dans le domaine public Robin Thicke et Pharrell Williams condamnés pour avoir plagié Marvin Gaye, Radiohead accusant Lana Del Rey d’avoir copié le titre Creep avec son Get Free, Chris (ex-Christine and the Queens) accusée d’avoir copié un logiciel dans son titre Damn, dis-moi… Les accusations de plagiat et les procès qui s’ensuivent sont l’une des plaies de l’industrie musicale. Le phénomène ne date pas d’hier et personne ne semble y échapper. Alors Damien Riehl, avocat spécialiste du droit d’auteur, musicien et développeur à ses heures, et son compère Noah Rubin ont créé un algorithme pour générer… toutes les mélodies possibles, avant de les protéger par des droits d’auteur, rapportent le site américain Vice. Pas pour avoir l’opportunité de poursuivre des musiciens en justice, bien au contraire. Dans une présentation TedxTalk, Damien Riehl explique que la musique, finalement, ce ne sont que des mathématiques. Explorer toutes les combinaisons mélodiques possibles Pas de risque de poursuite pour plagiat

Where Words are Stored: The Brain's Meaning Map Listening to speech is so easy for most of us that it is difficult to grasp the neural complexity involved. Previous studies have revealed several brain regions, collectively called the semantic system, that process meaning. Yet such studies have typically focused on specific distinctions, such as abstract versus concrete words, or found discrete areas responsive to groups of related words, such as tools or food. Now a team of neuroscientists in Jack Gallant's laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, led by Alexander Huth, has generated a comprehensive “atlas” of where different meanings are represented in the human brain. The researchers played two hours of stories from the Moth Radio Hour, a public broadcast show, to seven participants while recording their brain activity in a functional MRI scanner. The maps cover much of the cortex, the outermost brain regions controlling higher cognitive functions, extending beyond areas traditionally thought of as language centers.

HTML basics | Intro to HTML You may not know this, but your computer doesn't actually know English, and it doesn't actually know the alphabet. Each letter that you type is represented by a string of 1s and 0s. People came up with ways to tell the computer "Here, this is the letter I'm typing. But if you notice, this only accounts for the English alphabet. So now people generally use what is called Unicode. La Bibliothèque de Babel Thème de la nouvelle[modifier | modifier le code] La nouvelle décrit une bibliothèque de taille gigantesque contenant tous les livres de 410 pages possibles (chaque page formée de 40 lignes d'environ 80 caractères) et dont toutes les salles hexagonales sont disposées d'une façon identique. Les livres sont placés sur des étagères comprenant toutes le même nombre d'étages et recevant toutes le même nombre de livres. Chaque livre a le même nombre de pages et de signes. L'alphabet utilisé comprend vingt-cinq caractères (vingt-deux lettres minuscules, l'espace, la virgule et le point ; cette dernière précision est insérée dans le texte de la nouvelle sous forme d'une note de l'éditeur, censé en avoir reçu le manuscrit authentique). Cette nouvelle, une métaphore de la littérature, est profondément influencée par la kabbale[1]. Postérité de la nouvelle[modifier | modifier le code] . Dans un petit essai[10] sur « la Bibliothèque de Babel », W.V.O. W. Références[modifier | modifier le code]

University of Iowa Tractatus Map The Trillion Internet Observations Showing How Global Sleep Patterns Are Changing In 1995, some 40 million people all over the world were connected to the Internet. By 2000 that had grown to around 400 million, and by 2016 it reached 3.5 billion. That means almost half the global population is connected to a single technology. That’s an extraordinary statistic and one that raises an interesting possibility. Today, Klaus Ackermann at the University of Chicago and a couple of pals say they have done just this by studying how devices connected to, and disconnected from, the Internet between 2006 and 2013. So what does this enormous data set reveal about humanity? Ackermann and co built their data set by combining information from two sources. The researchers start out by studying how Internet connectivity grows and eventually becomes saturated in societies all over the world. Growth starts slowly, ramps up at dizzying rates, and eventually levels off as almost everyone gains access. Curiously, only four countries had reached full saturation by 2012.

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