Self-awareness Self-awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals. It is not to be confused with consciousness. While consciousness is being aware of one’s environment and body and lifestyle, self-awareness is the recognition of that consciousness. Neurobiological basis There are questions regarding what part of the brain allows us to be self-aware and how we are biologically programmed to be self- aware. V.S. Ramachandran has speculated that mirror neurons may provide the neurological basis of human self-awareness. In an essay written for the Edge Foundation in 2009 Ramachandran gave the following explanation of his theory: "... Animals Studies have been done mainly on primates to test if self-awareness is present. The ‘Red Spot Technique’ created and experimented by Gordon Gallup studies self-awareness in animals (primates). Psychology Developmental stages 
How to Detect Lies - body language, reactions, speech patterns Interesting Info -> Lying Index -> How to Detect Lies Become a Human Lie Detector (Part 1) Warning: sometimes ignorance is bliss. After gaining this knowledge, you may be hurt when it is obvious that someone is lying to you. The following deception detection techniques are used by police, forensic psychologists, security experts and other investigators. Introduction to Detecting Lies: This knowledge is also useful for managers, employers, and for anyone to use in everyday situations where telling the truth from a lie can help prevent you from being a victim of fraud/scams and other deceptions. This is just a basic run down of physical (body language) gestures and verbal cues that may indicate someone is being untruthful. If you got here from somewhere else, be sure to check out our Lie Detection index page for more info including new research in the field of forensic psychology. Signs of Deception: Body Language of Lies: • A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact. Bored?
The Relativity of Wrong by Isaac Asimov I received a letter from a reader the other day. It was handwritten in crabbed penmanship so that it was very difficult to read. In the first sentence, he told me he was majoring in English Literature, but felt he needed to teach me science. It seemed that in one of my innumerable essays, here and elsewhere, I had expressed a certain gladness at living in a century in which we finally got the basis of the Universe straight. I didn't go into detail in the matter, but what I meant was that we now know the basic rules governing the Universe, together with the gravitational interrelationships of its gross components, as shown in the theory of relativity worked out between 1905 and 1916. These are all twentieth-century discoveries, you see. The young specialist in English Lit, having quoted me, went on to lecture me severely on the fact that in every century people have thought they understood the Universe at last, and in every century they were proven to be wrong. "Wrong!"
The beautiful shapes of neurons I had no idea that neurons came in such a beautiful diversity of shapes. Each of these neurons has a different function, too: A. Purkinje cell B. The image, drawn by science journalist Ferris Jabr, comes from a post of his on the Brainwaves blog, explaining the discovery of the neuron—and the first realizations that not all neurons looked the same. When the leading anatomists of the 19th century examined fragile nervous tissue with the best microscopes available to them, they identified cell bodies that sprouted many tangled projections. Read the rest of Know Your Neuron: The Discovery and Naming of the Neuron
Jabberwocky "Beware the Jabberwock, my son! The jaws that bite, the claws that catch! Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun The frumious Bandersnatch!" He took his vorpal sword in hand: Long time the manxome foe he sought -- So rested he by the Tumtum tree, And stood awhile in thought. And, as in uffish thought he stood, The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame, Came whiffling through the tulgey wood, And burbled as it came! One, two! "And, has thou slain the Jabberwock? `Twas brillig, and the slithy toves Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; All mimsy were the borogoves, And the mome raths outgrabe. Most intelligent animals in the world Here’s a list of most intelligent animals in the world. The animal listed here is sorted by the level of intelligence. This list can’t be used as a scientific reference as this is just for your information. 10. This species is a member of the genus Portia, kind of spiders and smallest creatures in the list. 9. There are hundreds of species of rats in the whole world. 8. These two animals is mentioned together because both are members of the family Corvidae birds. 7. Border Collie is widely regarded as the most intelligent dog breed in the world. 6. This animal live in the depth of the sea. 5. African gray parrot is a species found in West and Central African rain forest. 4. There are three living species of elephants, African Bush Elephant, African forest elephant and Asian elephant. 3. Rhesus monkeys are known for intelligence and it has been widely used in biological and medical research. 2. 1. This animal can be found in wet tropical forests and savannas of West and Central Africa.
First Person Plural - Magazine An evolving approach to the science of pleasure suggests that each of us contains multiple selves—all with different desires, and all fighting for control. If this is right, the pursuit of happiness becomes even trickier. Can one self "bind" another self if the two want different things? Are you always better off when a Good Self wins? And should outsiders, such as employers and policy makers, get into the fray? Imagine a long, terrible dental procedure. There is a good argument for saying “Yes. Also see: Interview: "Song of My Selves" Psychologist Paul Bloom reflects on happiness, desire, memory, and the chaotic community that lives inside every human mind. The psychologist and recent Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman conducted a series of studies on the memory of painful events, such as colonoscopies. Such contradictions arise all the time. The question “What makes people happy?” But what’s more exciting, I think, is the emergence of a different perspective on happiness itself.
Consciousness Search tips There are three kinds of search you can perform: All fields This mode searches for entries containing all the entered words in their title, author, date, comment field, or in any of many other fields showing on OPC pages. Surname This mode searches for entries containing the text string you entered in their author field. Advanced This mode differs from the all fields mode in two respects. Note that short and / or common words are ignored by the search engine. Highly developed brains behind top performances High performers have an astonishing integration of brain functioning (Photo: Bjørnar Kjensli) Brains of such performers function in a way that makes them have peak experiences. These experiences are characterized by happiness, inner calm, maximum wakefulness, effortlessness and ease of functioning, absence of fear, transcendence of ordinary time and space, and a sense of perfection and even invincibility. Dr. Harald S. Harung at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences and international colleagues have carried out four empirical studies comparing world-class performers to average performers within management, sports, classical music, and a variety of professions, such as public administration, management, sports, arts and education. "Everyone wants excellence. "What we have found, is an astonishing integration of brain functioning in high performers compared to average-performing controls," he says Peak experiences Alsgaard also points out how he thinks this work:
From The Hundred Acre Wood To Midtown To see one of the most important exhibits at the New York Public Library, skip the main entrance… …and take the far-less trafficked 42nd Street door: Once past the metal detector, hang a right down the first corridor… …and continue on into the Children’s Center. See that wooden partition in the center of the center of the room? …and you’ll find the New York home of Winnie the Pooh (yes, the actual Winnie the Pooh!) I first wrote about the Winnie the Pooh exhibit in 2009, shortly after the beloved stuffed animals had been moved from their former home at the Donnell Library Center to the main branch of the NYPL. I’d completely forgotten about the post until a month when, out of the blue, author Neil Gaiman linked to it on his Twitter asking “Is the Winnie the Pooh room at the library still this sad?” So in the interest of setting the record straight, I wanted to revisit Pooh’s home in New York City. The star of the show is of course, Winnie The Pooh… In the mid-1920′s, A. …Tigger! …and Kanga!
10 Most Intelligent Animals Erkan | On 20, May 2012 One of the most popular category in our blog is Most 10 Animals lists.So here is another interesting one. We humans don’t own the world alone. We are masters because we are the most smartest ‘’animals’’ theoretically. These animals aren’t enough clever to be scientist but they aren’t that stupid anyways. 10 – Octopus Octopus Octopus is one of the smartest creatures in the sea. 09 – Pigeon Pigeon I started to get interested more about pigeons after watching Marlon Brando classic ‘On the Waterfront’. 08 – Pigs Pigs Another interesting result for me is pig. 07 – Dog Dog And Cat Human’s best friend, very trainable, sociable to humans, can understand commands and obedience. 06 – Parrot Parrots Parrots are widely recognised as the smartest birds. 05 – Rats Rats Rat is a highly intelligent yet much-maligned animal in Western cultures. 04 – Sheep Sheep 03 – Dolphins Dolphins Dolphins are extremely social animals. 02 – Elephants Elephants The elephant brain is very heavy. Chimpanzee
Mental Heuristics Page A heuristic is a "rule-of-thumb", advice that helps an AI program or human think and act more efficiently by directing thinking in an useful direction. Some of these heuristics are age-old wisdom, bordering on cliche, but most are actually helpful. If you want something done, do it yourself Comment: Obviously true, and doing it is usually very good for your self esteem. A surprising amount of work can be done this way, and experts are not always necessary. Never procrastinate anything you can do right now Comment: Very powerful. When you have several things you could be doing and don't know which to do: Just do any one of them! Comments: If you cannot decide between two or more possibilities, then there is a good chance that the differences don't matter. Always assume that you will succeed If you can't find a solution, change the rules. Comment: Remember that there are no no-win scenarios. If you cannot do anything about something, there is no point in worrying about it. Anders Main Page
The Question of Free Will Advances in brain science are calling into question the volition behind many criminal acts. A leading neuroscientist describes how the foundations of our criminal-justice system are beginning to crumble, and proposes a new way forward for law and order. On the steamy first day of August 1966, Charles Whitman took an elevator to the top floor of the University of Texas Tower in Austin. The evening before, Whitman had sat at his typewriter and composed a suicide note: I don’t really understand myself these days. By the time the police shot him dead, Whitman had killed 13 people and wounded 32 more. It was after much thought that I decided to kill my wife, Kathy, tonight … I love her dearly, and she has been as fine a wife to me as any man could ever hope to have. Along with the shock of the murders lay another, more hidden, surprise: the juxtaposition of his aberrant actions with his unremarkable personal life. For that matter, so did Whitman.
Do Psychedelics Expand the Mind by Reducing Brain Activity? What would you see if you could look inside a hallucinating brain? Despite decades of scientific investigation, we still lack a clear understanding of how hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), mescaline, and psilocybin (the main active ingredient in magic mushrooms) work in the brain. Modern science has demonstrated that hallucinogens activate receptors for serotonin, one of the brain’s key chemical messengers. Specifically, of the 15 different serotonin receptors, the 2A subtype (5-HT2A), seems to be the one that produces profound alterations of thought and perception. It is uncertain, however, why activation of the 5-HT2A receptor by hallucinogens produces psychedelic effects, but many scientists believe that the effects are linked to increases in brain activity. The study in question was conducted by Dr. The findings reported by Dr. Given those earlier findings, the fMRI data reported by Dr.