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Game theory. Game theory is the study of strategic decision making.

Game theory

Specifically, it is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers. "[1] An alternative term suggested "as a more descriptive name for the discipline" is interactive decision theory.[2] Game theory is mainly used in economics, political science, and psychology, as well as logic, computer science, and biology. The subject first addressed zero-sum games, such that one person's gains exactly equal net losses of the other participant or participants.

Today, however, game theory applies to a wide range of behavioral relations, and has developed into an umbrella term for the logical side of decision science, including both humans and non-humans (e.g. computers, animals). Modern game theory began with the idea regarding the existence of mixed-strategy equilibria in two-person zero-sum games and its proof by John von Neumann. Representation of games[edit] Extensive form[edit] Tali Sharot: The optimism bias.

Cultural Differences

Decrypt your interlocutor. Les différentes expressions faciales. The 21 Distinct Emotional Expressions, Even “Happily Disgusted” Embargoed until 3:00 p.m.

The 21 Distinct Emotional Expressions, Even “Happily Disgusted”

ET on March 31, 2014. Computer Maps 21 Distinct Emotional Expressions—Even “Happily Disgusted” Study more than triples the number of facial expressions researchers can use to track the origins of emotions in the brain COLUMBUS, Ohio—Researchers at The Ohio State University have found a way for computers to recognize 21 distinct facial expressions—even expressions for complex or seemingly contradictory emotions such as “happily disgusted” or “sadly angry.” In the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they report that they were able to more than triple the number of documented facial expressions that researchers can now use for cognitive analysis. “We’ve gone beyond facial expressions for simple emotions like ‘happy’ or ‘sad.’ Since at least the time of Aristotle, scholars have tried to understand how and why our faces betray our feelings—from happy to sad, and the whole range of emotions beyond.

Nosce te ipsum

Ressources. List of confidence tricks. This list of confidence tricks and scams should not be considered complete, but covers the most common examples.

List of confidence tricks

Confidence tricks and scams are difficult to classify, because they change often and often contain elements of more than one type. Throughout this list, the perpetrator of the confidence trick is called the “con artist” or simply “artist”, and the intended victim is the “mark”. Get-rich-quick schemes[edit] Get-rich-quick schemes are extremely varied; these include fake franchises, real estate “sure things”, get-rich-quick books, wealth-building seminars, self-help gurus, sure-fire inventions, useless products, chain letters, fortune tellers, quack doctors, miracle pharmaceuticals, foreign exchange fraud, Nigerian money scams, charms and talismans.

Variations include the pyramid scheme, the Ponzi scheme, and the Matrix sale. Count Victor Lustig sold the “money-printing machine” which he claimed could copy $100 bills. Salting [edit] Spanish Prisoner [edit] Argumentation & Persuasion. Les 4 paradoxes de la communication. Communiquer est toujours un acte fragile.

Les 4 paradoxes de la communication

C’est l’intérêt de cette discipline, et peu structurée dans les sciences. Qui se souvient de sa torpeur en avouant à une étrangère son amour ? Trouver les mots qui reflètent tout son corps, et qui sauront convaincre… Moiteur juvénile qui poursuit notre monde. The Argumentative Theory. "Reasoning was not designed to pursue the truth.

The Argumentative Theory

Reasoning was designed by evolution to help us win arguments. That's why they call it The Argumentative Theory of Reasoning. So, as they put it, "The evidence reviewed here shows not only that reasoning falls quite short of reliably delivering rational beliefs and rational decisions. It may even be, in a variety of cases, detrimental to rationality.

Reasoning can lead to poor outcomes, not because humans are bad at it, but because they systematically strive for arguments that justify their beliefs or their actions. "Now, the authors point out that we can and do re-use our reasoning abilities.