background preloader

Psychiatry/psychology

Facebook Twitter

The psychological benefits – and trappings – of nostalgia. How using paint, pen on paper or song to revisit trauma helps us put it in the past. In the introduction to his beautiful book The Body Keeps The Score, psychiatrist Bessel Van der Kolk writes: “One does not need to be a combat soldier, or visit a refugee camp in Syria or the Congo to encounter trauma.

How using paint, pen on paper or song to revisit trauma helps us put it in the past

Trauma happens to us, our friends, our families and our neighbours.” Trauma is the result of overwhelming situations that exceed our ability to cope or process the emotions they generate. Memories are typically stored in what is known as declarative memory, which you might imagine as a sort of virtual filing cabinet in which life events are organised and labelled according to various types and in chronological order. This makes it easy to recall and describe memories from the past. Video Games a Viable Treatment for Mental Illness? How yoga is helping girls heal from trauma. Rocsana Enriquez started thinking about yoga again when she was pregnant.

How yoga is helping girls heal from trauma

She was 19 and in an abusive relationship. Talking to Yourself: A Sign of Sanity. Though we live in a noisy world, many people struggle with too much silence in their lives.

Talking to Yourself: A Sign of Sanity

They are either living alone or living with others who are engrossed in their own thing. Magic Mushrooms Are Safer Than Alcohol, According To Global Study. First things first.

Magic Mushrooms Are Safer Than Alcohol, According To Global Study

We’re not advocating the consumption of drugs – legal or illegal, to be fair – but, if you choose to partake but you’re not sure where to start, hallucinogenic mushrooms are a relatively safe bet. According to the 2017 Global Drug Survey, they are one of the safest recreational drugs to take. The survey, which involves 120,000 people spread across 50 countries, is the most comprehensive drug survey in the world. It aims to get a snapshot of the types of drugs people take, how frequently they take them, why they consume them, and what effects they have on them, positive or negative. The results are slightly skewed by the fact that people have to recall their own drug-taking history and answer honestly, albeit anonymously. Safety, in this sense, can be measured by the proportion of people taking a drug that then needed emergency medical treatment. The Psychology of Terrorism. Understanding terrorism. Determining what drives people to terrorism is no easy task.

Understanding terrorism

For one thing, terrorists aren't likely to volunteer as experimental subjects, and examining their activities from afar can lead to erroneous conclusions. What's more, one group's terrorist is another group's freedom fighter, as the millions of Arabs who support Palestinian suicide bombers will attest. Given these complexities, the psychology of terrorism is marked more by theory and opinion than by good science, researchers admit. American University and NIMH Study Game Therapy as Treatment for Anxiety. Schizophrenia and work: What kind of work can I do? - Living With Schizophrenia. 5 Smells That Make You Kinder Happier Nicer. Editor’s note: This post is a Care2 favorite, brought back by popular demand.

5 Smells That Make You Kinder Happier Nicer

It was originally published on November 9, 2012. Enjoy! Cinnabon knows what it’s doing. The smell of baking bread can make us kinder, says a study from Journal of Social Psychology by scientists from the University of Southern Brittany in France. Wanting to test the notion that smells can influence behavior, the scientists had eight young men and women stand outside either a bakery or a clothing store, says the Independent. People stopped to pick up the object about 77 percent of the time in front of the bakery, versus 52 percent of the time outside the clothing store, according to the researchers who observed the proceedings from some 60 feet away. Eight participants is a small number but the scientists did repeat the experiment some 400 times, notes the Daily Mail.

DARPA Is Planning to Hack the Human Brain to Let Us "Upload" Skills. Transcranial magnetic stimulation Overview. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation Overview

TMS is typically used when other depression treatments haven't been effective. How it works During a TMS session, an electromagnetic coil is placed against your scalp near your forehead. The electromagnet painlessly delivers a magnetic pulse that stimulates nerve cells in the region of your brain involved in mood control and depression. New Smartphone App May Help in Schizophrenia Outcomes. Sampling: Experience sampling. Experience sampling is a systematic way of having participants provide samples of their ongoing behavior.

Sampling: Experience sampling

Participants' reports are dependent (contingent) upon either a signal, pre-established intervals, or the ocurrence of some event. Signal contingent The participant is signaled with a beeper, cell phone call, or programmed watch at random times within a fixed time period (e.g., between 8 AM and 9 PM). Aston Brain Centre. Hearing Voices Network: Welcome. Is talking to yourself a sign of mental illness? An expert delivers her verdict. Hearing Crashes, Seeing Light: Life with Exploding Head Syndrome. Treating PTSD With Psychedelics: How Ecstasy, The ‘Rave’ Drug, May Help Trauma Patients Overcome Painful Memories.

Ecstasy may conjure images of shuddering dancers, bursting with energy at warehouse parties and raves.

Treating PTSD With Psychedelics: How Ecstasy, The ‘Rave’ Drug, May Help Trauma Patients Overcome Painful Memories

But scientists have for a while wondered about tapping into ecstasy’s hidden medicinal secret: a potential to be therapeutic for people with mental health issues, especially post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors of the study analyzed twenty-five volunteers who experienced brain scans on two separate occasions — once after taking the drug, and once after taking a placebo, without knowing which they had been given. The study discovered that MDMA diminished activity in an area in the brain linked to emotions, called the limbic system, and also reduced communication between the medial temporal lobe and medial prefrontal cortex, which is associated with emotional control. This decrease in communication and activity in the limbic system was the “opposite” to what was seen in anxiety patients, according to the study’s press release. Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy.

Schizoid Personality Disorder Symptoms. Schizoid Personality Disorder is characterized by a long-standing pattern of detachment from social relationships.

Schizoid Personality Disorder Symptoms

A person with schizoid personality disorder often has difficulty expression emotions and does so typically in very restricted range, especially when communicating with others. A person with this disorder may appear to lack a desire for intimacy, and will avoid close relationships with others. They may often prefer to spend time with themselves rather than socialize or be in a group of people. In laypeople terms, a person with schizoid personality disorder might be thought of as the typical “loner.” Individuals with Schizoid Personality Disorder may have particular difficulty expressing anger, even in response to direct provocation, which contributes to the impression that they lack emotion. Dreaming in Depression (And Other Mental Illness) Shankar Vedantam. Alzheimers disease and Music Therapy.

Music Music has power—especially for individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. Nootropic. Nootropics (pronunciation: /noʊ.əˈtrɒpᵻks/ noh-ə-TROP-iks)—also called smart drugs or cognitive enhancers—are drugs, supplements, or other substances that improve cognitive function, particularly executive functions, memory, creativity, or motivation, in healthy individuals.[1][2] The use of cognition-enhancing drugs by healthy individuals in the absence of a medical indication is one of the most debated topics among neuroscientists, psychiatrists, and physicians which spans a number of issues, including the ethics and fairness of their use, concerns over adverse effects, and the diversion of prescription drugs for nonmedical uses, among others.[1][3][4] Nonetheless, the international sales of cognition-enhancing supplements exceeded US$1 billion in 2015 and the global demand for these compounds is still growing rapidly.[5] The word nootropic was coined in 1972 by a Romanian psychologist and chemist, Corneliu E.

Availability and prevalence[edit] Use by students[edit] Side effects[edit] Ketamine: The Future of Depression Treatment? Sept. 23, 2014 -- Every year, 13 million to 14 million Americans have major depression. Treating PTSD with MDMA-Assisted Psychotherapy - Home. Depressed cake shop. What is Stockholm syndrome? The brain on LSD revealed: first scans show how the drug affects the brain. Mind, the mental health charity - help for mental health problems. Tickling Rats to Screen for Depressive-like Behavior in Preclinical Research.

'microdosing,' which involves taking tiny amounts of psychedelics like LSD. Nootropics for Everyone. Cognitive psychology and the design of alarm sounds. Physical Activity and Mental Health. Home - Ayahuasca.com. Ketamine helps patients with severe depression 'when nothing else works', doctors say. Ketamine can provide relief to patients with severe depression “where nothing has helped before”, researchers calling for a new approach to the drug’s medical use have said. For six years, scientists from Oxford University have been using ketamine to treat more than 100 people with treatment-resistant depression. They said patients who received a series of carefully administered intravenous infusions of the drug, followed by oral top-ups, showed sustained improvement in around 40 per cent of cases – a significant result when other antidepressants have failed.