The Self-Taught Philosopher: How a 900-year-old Arabic tale inspired the Enlightenment - Home. Tuesday May 16, 2017 Our contemporary values and ideals are generally seen as the product of the Enlightenment.
Individual rights, independent thinking, empiricism and rationalism are traced to the debates and discussions held by the great European thinkers of the 17th and 18th century: Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire, and Kant among others. But these thinkers owe a debt to a figure from 12th century Spain: a philosopher-physician named Ibn Tufayl who wrote a story called Hayy ibn Yaqzan -- which may be the most important story you've never heard. Ideas. Evolution of the Medieval Book. Introduction Among the many innovations that transformed Europe in the Middle Ages, perhaps none was more central than the metamorphosis of the written word.
The evolution of writing in this period reached a dramatic climax in the 1450s, when Johann Gutenberg invented moveable metal type—and revolutionized human communication. This exhibition traces the history of the medieval book—its appearance, content, audiences, and forms—from the 9th to the 15th centuries. Drawn from the holdings of Cornell Library’s Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, the exhibition presents a rich variety of medieval manuscripts and printed books, from early religious manuscripts and illuminated prayerbooks to the secular works of classical antiquity and the first books printed from metal type.
Lombard Gradual. View image continue reading. The Palaeography of Gothic Manuscript Books: From the Twelfth to the Early ... - Albert Derolez. Medievalbooks. What a clever device the book is.
It is compact and light, yet contains hundreds of pages that hold an incredible amount of information. Moving forward or backward in the text is as easy as flipping a page, while the book’s square shape and flat bottom facilitates easy shelving. Comité international de paléographie latine. Books before print. Corpus Christi College Oxford - Special Lectures. F W Bateson Memorial Lectures The F W Bateson Memorial Lecture was founded by the pupils and friends of F W Bateson (1901-1978).
Bateson taught English at Corpus from 1946 to 1969, first as a lecturer and later as a teaching fellow. He was made an Emeritus Fellow of the College on his retirement in 1969. Professor Christopher Cannon, Professor of English at New York University and author of books on Chaucer's language, form and early Middle English literature, delivered the 2016 F W Bateson Memorial Lecture in the MBI Al Jaber Auditorium at 5pm on Monday 8 February. His title was "Wyth her own handys": What Women's Writing Can Teach us about Langland and Chaucer'. Jenny Uglow OBE, British biographer, critic and publisher delivered the 2015 F W Bateson Memorial Lecture. Khanacademy. Erik Kwakkel, ‘Ouderdom en genese van de veertiende-eeuwse Hadewijch-handschriften’ Erik Kwakkel. InScribe: palaeography learning materials. Media - De Kennis van nu Nieuws. De Nederlandse Publieke Omroep maakt gebruik van cookies.
We maken een onderscheid tussen functionele cookies en cookies voor het beheer van webstatistieken, advertenties en social media. De Nederlandse Publieke Omroep maakt gebruik van functionele en analytische cookies om inzicht te krijgen in de werking en effectiviteit van haar websites. De daarmee verzamelde gegevens worden niet gebruikt om activiteiten van individuele gebruikers te volgen. De advertentie en social media cookies van derden verzamelen mogelijk gegevens ook buiten de websites van de NPO. Deze cookies kun je hiernaast weigeren via de instellingen. Waarom cookies? De Nederlandse Publieke Omroep maakt gebruik van cookies. Klik hier voor meer informatie over cookies en een overzicht van de sites waar je toestemming voor geldt. Cookie instellingen aanpassen? De cookie instellingen voor de websites van de Nederlandse Publieke Omroep zijn te allen tijde te wijzigen.
Cookie-instellingen aanpassenAkkoord. Media - Hoe onderzoek je een boek zonder het te lezen? Erik Kwakkel is geen alledaagse wetenschapper.
Als een echte Sherlock Holmes bestudeert hij middeleeuwse boeken van top tot teen, behalve... door ze te lezen. En toch komt de historicus via zijn methode enorm veel over die boeken te weten. Book historian documents bored scribes' scribbles in 1,000-year-old Medieval manuscripts - Home. Before Gutenberg invented the printing press, the book business could be a form of torture.
Imagine copying out page after page of Fifty Shades of Grey with a quill pen, all day, every day, for the rest of your life. Considering that existence, it's not surprising that Medieval scribes let their attention and pens wander from time to time out of boredom. "I encountered [scribe doodles] almost every day as I read Medieval books," Professor Erik Kwakkel, a book historian at Leiden University in Holland, tells As It Happens host Carol Off. "They're found on average pages. " How to make sense of the credits at the end of a... X-rays reveal 1,300-year-old writings inside later bookbindings. Medieval manuscripts that have been hidden from view for centuries could reveal their secrets for the first time, thanks to new technology.
Dutch scientists and other academics are using an x-ray technique to read fragments of manuscripts that have been reused as bookbindings and which cannot be deciphered with the naked eye. After the middle ages manuscripts were recycled, with pages pasted inside bindings to strengthen them. Those fragments may be the unique remains of certain works. Dr Erik Kwakkel, a medieval book historian at Leiden University, told the Observer: “It’s really like a treasure trove. It’s extremely exciting.” Professor Joris Dik, of the Delft University of Technology, described the potential for finding new material with clues to the past as “massive”. Access to such “hidden libraries” has been made possible by macro x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (MA-XRF), which allows pages to be read without removing the bookbinding. Medieval doodles prove that it's goode to scribble in ye margins. Medieval scribes got just as bored at work as you do.
Hunched over piles of parchment and the heavy books they were tasked with copying, long before Gutenberg and Xerox changed everything, they responded in the same way – by doodling. Stick men, scribbles and 1,000-year-old smiley faces adorn the margins and blank pages of the world's oldest manuscripts. For a book historian in the Netherlands, they represent a portal to a lost time, and are as rich a source of discovery as the texts themselves. Erik Kwakkel, from Leiden University, the oldest university in the Netherlands, says there are two types of medieval doodle: the idle shapes that we all produce; and "pen trials", which scribes used to get their nibs flowing after regular cutting. "This was a time when a book cost as much as a second-hand car today and there was no scrap paper," Kwakkel explains after revealing his latest discovery: a rare medieval bookmark. Meet the Man Who Catalogs Medieval Cartoons - Modern Notion. Just take a cursory look at the art from medieval times and you’ll be as convinced as I that people living through the Middle Ages were somewhat humorless.
Maybe it’s the stylistically placid faces, or the heavily religious overtones, or the fact that someone is always burning a witch, but I’ve often felt that medieval folks really just didn’t get the joke. And yet Erik Kwakkel, a medieval book historian from Leiden University in the Netherlands, sees something more. He seeks out medieval cartoons; signs of humor and personality in ancient stately manuscripts. These scribbles and doodles squeezed into the margins, letters, and back pages of old books have become clues about people who, it seems, were very much like us. “If you have a circle, it’s so tempting to put two dots in there and turn it into a smiley face—and people back then did that too!” Medieval History, Illuminated: Book Historian Erik Kwakkel Uncovers the Past Through Books. Damaged binding in Leiden University Library shows hidden fragment.
Photo by Erik Kwakkel. At Medieval Books, book historian Erik Kwakkel brings the world of medieval manuscripts to life. Erik is a lecturer at Leiden University, the oldest university in the Netherlands, and blogs about this specialized topic in fresh ways. His posts appeal to academics and experts in the field, but also general readers intrigued by his commentary, discoveries, and parallels between medieval and modern times.