# Phaedo, by Plato

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## Note : Phaedo (Platonic doctrine of reminiscence)

"The Platonic doctrine of reminiscence is then adduced as a confirmation of the pre-existence of the soul. Some proofs of this doctrine are demanded. One proof given is the same as that of the Meno, and is derived from the latent knowledge of mathematics, which may be elicited from an unlearned person when a diagram is presented to him." got a little hung up on this since I didn't really see the "proof" spoken of. found the wiki page, Plato's Problem and read that the math in this case had be the Pythagorean proposition... which is interesting and packed with it's own history... plus, I could use a reminder so I'm adding it. <p style="text-align:right;color:#A8A8A8"></p>

## Theory of Forms

Plato 's theory of Forms or theory of Ideas [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] asserts that non-material abstract (but substantial ) forms (or ideas), and not the material world of change known to us through sensation , possess the highest and most fundamental kind of reality. [ 4 ] When used in this sense, the word form is often capitalized. [ 5 ] Plato speaks of these entities only through the characters (primarily Socrates) of his dialogues who sometimes suggest that these Forms are the only true objects of study that can provide us with genuine knowledge; thus even apart from the very controversial status of the theory, Plato's own views are much in doubt. [ 6 ] Plato spoke of Forms in formulating a possible solution to the problem of universals .

## Plato's Problem

Plato's problem is the term given by Noam Chomsky to the gap between knowledge and experience. It presents the question of how we account for our knowledge when environmental conditions seem to be an insufficient source of information.

## Pythagorean theorem

The Pythagorean theorem: The sum of the areas of the two squares on the legs ( a and b ) equals the area of the square on the hypotenuse ( c ). In mathematics , the Pythagorean theorem — or Pythagoras' theorem — is a relation in Euclidean geometry among the three sides of a right triangle ( right-angled triangle ). In terms of areas, it states:
(With last update date)

## Dualism

Dualism (from the Latin word duo meaning "two") denotes a state of two parts. The term 'dualism' was originally coined to denote co-eternal binary opposition , a meaning that is preserved in metaphysical and philosophical duality discourse but has been diluted in general or common usages. Dualism can refer to moral dualism, (e.g. the conflict between good and evil ), mind-body or mind-matter dualism (e.g.
Physicalism is a philosophical theory holding that everything which exists is no more extensive than its physical properties ; that is, that there are no kinds of things other than physical things.

## Idealism

The 20th century British scientist Sir James Jeans wrote that "the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine"
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gh-6HyTRNNY&feature=relmfu from Yale's PHIL course on Death 2: what is a person? a combination of a body and something else.

## 3. Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part I

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GR63MMAi-fs&feature=relmfu Yale's PHIL course on Death 3: arguments/questions:

## Hal9000.jpg.w300h226.jpg (JPEG Image, 300 × 226 pixels)

In recent decades a number of arguments have emerged designed to show that physicalist theories of mind cannot do justice to the nature of consciousness. These arguments have resulted in a huge literature with a dialectic that has led to increasingly interesting and sophisticated positions on both sides of the issue. In particular, some physicalists have lately been exploring new and out-of-the-mainstream ways of answering the anti-physicalist arguments.

## Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism

Qualia ( pron.: / ˈ k w ɑː l i ə / or / ˈ k w eɪ l i ə / ; singular form: quale ( Latin pronunciation: [ˈkwaːle] ) is a term used in philosophy to refer to individual instances of subjective , conscious experience.

## Qualia

Different approaches toward resolving the mind-body problem.

## Abductive reasoning

Abduction [ 1 ] is a form of logical inference that goes from data description of something to a hypothesis that accounts for the reliable data and seeks to explain relevant evidence.

## Occam's razor

Occam's razor (also written as Ockham's razor , Latin lex parsimoniae ) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness used in logic and problem-solving.

## William Bennett Gallery - Salvador Dali- Alice in Wonderland - Down the Rabbit Hole

everything is a rabbit trail, but I loved this picture so much I thought I'd use it as bread crumbs in case I can't find my way back. ;) by Jan 17

## Gödel, Escher, Bach

Godel, Escher, Bach

## 299_alicesevidence2.JPG (JPEG Image, 299 × 448 pixels)

I love this trail frequently... by Jan 26

## Samuel Pepys

I can't remember why I put this here. by Oct 11

## The Cave: An Adaptation of Plato's Allegory in Clay

DEATH... continued ;)