November 2005 Does "Web 2.0" mean anything? Till recently I thought it didn't, but the truth turns out to be more complicated. Originally, yes, it was meaningless. I first heard the phrase "Web 2.0" in the name of the Web 2.0 conference in 2004. So I was surprised at a conference this summer when Tim O'Reilly led a session intended to figure out a definition of "Web 2.0." Origins Tim says the phrase "Web 2.0" first arose in "a brainstorming session between O'Reilly and Medialive International." I don't think there was any deliberate plan to suggest there was a new version of the web. And they were right. The story about "Web 2.0" meaning the web as a platform didn't live much past the first conference. And yet, oddly enough, Ryan Singel's article about the conference in Wired News spoke of "throngs of geeks." Well, no. "Oh, that's Tim. The 2005 Web 2.0 conference reminded me of Internet trade shows during the Bubble, full of prowling VCs looking for the next hot startup. 1. 2. 3. Notes
What Is Web 2.0by Tim O'Reilly 09/30/2005 Oct. 2009: Tim O'Reilly and John Battelle answer the question of "What's next for Web 2.0?" in Web Squared: Web 2.0 Five Years On. The bursting of the dot-com bubble in the fall of 2001 marked a turning point for the web. Many people concluded that the web was overhyped, when in fact bubbles and consequent shakeouts appear to be a common feature of all technological revolutions. Shakeouts typically mark the point at which an ascendant technology is ready to take its place at center stage. The concept of "Web 2.0" began with a conference brainstorming session between O'Reilly and MediaLive International. In the year and a half since, the term "Web 2.0" has clearly taken hold, with more than 9.5 million citations in Google. This article is an attempt to clarify just what we mean by Web 2.0. In our initial brainstorming, we formulated our sense of Web 2.0 by example: The list went on and on. 1. Netscape vs.
Web Squared: Web 2.0 Five Years On - by Tim O'Reilly and John BaFive years ago, we launched a conference based on a simple idea, and that idea grew into a movement. The original Web 2.0 Conference (now the Web 2.0 Summit ) was designed to restore confidence in an industry that had lost its way after the dotcom bust. The Web was far from done, we argued. In fact, it was on its way to becoming a robust platform for a culture-changing generation of computer applications and services. In our first program, we asked why some companies survived the dotcom bust, while others had failed so miserably. Chief among our insights was that "the network as platform" means far more than just offering old applications via the network ("software as a service"); it means building applications that literally get better the more people use them, harnessing network effects not only to acquire users, but also to learn from them and build on their contributions. Ever since we first introduced the term "Web 2.0," people have been asking, "What’s next?"
Collaborative Thinking: Social Software: "Made By BEA"At the O'Reilly eTech conference (March 27), BEA introduced a collection of social computing products under the "Web 2.0" banner. BEA also revealed a new web site, en.terpri.se and a supporting blog. The product is expected to become available in mid-2007. The products relevant to my coverage are AquaLogic Pathways and AquaLogic Pages (see summary below). First Impression: From what I've seen so far, BEA appears to have done its homework to design these products with an enterprise environment in mind (e.g., security, integration). Concerns: BEA is not considered a major collaboration vendor. Market: This move puts BEA in direct competition with other large platform vendors such as IBM (Lotus Connections), Microsoft (SharePoint Products & Technologies which supports user profiles, blogs, wikis and social search, Knowledge Network which provides deeper support for expertise and social networking) and Oracle (WebCenter). Summary:
Web 2.0A tag cloud (a typical Web 2.0 phenomenon in itself) presenting Web 2.0 themes Web 2.0, also called Participative (or Participatory) and Social Web, refers to World Wide Web websites that emphasize user-generated content, usability (ease of use, even by non-experts), participatory culture and interoperability (this means that a website can work well with other products, systems, and devices) for end users. The term was invented by Darcy DiNucci in 1999 and popularized several years later by Tim O'Reilly and Dale Dougherty at the O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 Conference in late 2004. Web 2.0 does not refer to an update to any technical specification, but to changes in the way Web pages are designed and used. The transition was progressive and there is no precise date on which the change occurred. History Web 1.0 A diagram showing the milestones in the development of the key layers of the Internet. Characteristics Web 2.0 Characteristics Concepts
What Is Web 2.0What Is Web 2.0 Pages: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 7. Rich User Experiences As early as Pei Wei's Viola browser in 1992, the web was being used to deliver "applets" and other kinds of active content within the web browser. However, the potential of the web to deliver full scale applications didn't hit the mainstream till Google introduced Gmail, quickly followed by Google Maps, web based applications with rich user interfaces and PC-equivalent interactivity. "Ajax isn't a technology. AJAX is also a key component of Web 2.0 applications such as Flickr, now part of Yahoo! Interestingly, many of the capabilities now being explored have been around for many years. We expect to see many new web applications over the next few years, both truly novel applications, and rich web reimplementations of PC applications. It's easy to see how Web 2.0 will also remake the address book. A Web 2.0 word processor would support wiki-style collaborative editing, not just standalone documents.
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