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World's oldest known cave painting found in Indonesia. Vallum Aulium - Hadrian’s Wall. Hadrian’s Wall (Vallum Aulium) was a defensive fortification in Roman Britannia that ran 73 miles (116km) from Mais at the Solway Firth on the Irish Sea to the banks of the River Tyne at Segedunum at Wallsend in the North Sea.

Vallum Aulium - Hadrian’s Wall

The purpose of the walls construction varies, some theories by archaeologists suggest that it was an expression of Rome’s power to solidify Hadrian’s policy of defence. On Hadrian’s accession to the throne in AD 117, there was unrest in parts of the Empire, including Judea, Libya, Egypt, and Mauretania which may have persuaded Hadrian to strengthen frontier borders. Whether this would have deterred a threat from the northern tribes invading from Caledonia is unknown, parts of Caledonia had previously been annexed with the construction of the Gask Ridge around AD 70-80 and in AD 84, an army of 30,000 Caledonian warriors faced off against a 20,000 strong Roman invasion force led by General Gnaeus Julius Agricola at the Battle of Mons Graupius. Have Archaeologists Found History's Deadliest Dance Floor? Roman toilets may actually have been bad for public health. At its zenith, the Roman Empire spanned three continents, encircled the Mediterranean, and was home to one-fifth of the planet’s population.

Roman toilets may actually have been bad for public health

The Romans brought roads, bridges, and, perhaps most importantly, sanitation. Did Our Early Ancestors Boil Their Food in Hot Springs? Some of the oldest remains of early human ancestors have been unearthed in Olduvai Gorge, a rift valley setting in northern Tanzania where anthropologists have discovered fossils of hominids that existed 1.8 million years ago.

Did Our Early Ancestors Boil Their Food in Hot Springs?

The region has preserved many fossils and stone tools, indicating that early humans settled and hunted there. Now a team led by researchers at MIT and the University of Alcalá in Spain has discovered evidence that hot springs may have existed in Olduvai Gorge around that time, near early human archaeological sites. The proximity of these hydrothermal features raises the possibility that early humans could have used hot springs as a cooking resource, for instance to boil fresh kills, long before humans are thought to have used fire as a controlled source for cooking. 'Astonishing' giant circle of pits found at Stonehenge. • A 1.2 mile (2km) wide circle of large shafts was found, measuring over 10 meters wide and 5 meters deep. • The holes surround the ancient settlement of Durrington Walls, 2 miles (3km) from Stonehenge. • Tests suggest the earthworks are Neolithic, excavated over 4,500 years ago.

'Astonishing' giant circle of pits found at Stonehenge

In England, archaeologists working near Stonehenge have discovered a wide circle of deep pits surrounding an ancient human settlement. The shafts form a circle, and date back some 4,500 years.. Scientists made the discovery without excavating earth, instead using remote sensing technology and sampling, reports Reuters: Archaeologists Discover Giant Defensive Minefield From Roman Iron Age. Archaeologists from the Museum Lolland-Falster have discovered a large 770-metre-long defensive earthwork belt that dates from around the Roman Iron Age near Rødbyhavn on Lolland, Denmark.

Archaeologists Discover Giant Defensive Minefield From Roman Iron Age

The Roman Iron Age is a period from AD 100-400 that is used to describe the hold that the Roman Empire had begun to exert on the Germanic tribes of Northern Europe in Denmark, Norway, and Scandinavia. During this period, there was an influx of trade between the northern tribes and the Roman Empire, with the import of various high-status items such as vessels, bronze images, glass items, and weapons.

By the 5-6th centuries, the Roman Empire was ransacked by the Germanic tribes, bringing an end to the Roman Iron Age and the start of the Germanic Iron Age (also called the Vendel Era or the Merovinger Age). Described as a minefield, the area studied contains at least 10,000 holes that held sharpened spikes with the aim to delay any advancing armies. An Archaeological Explanation for the Story of Noah's Ark.

The Biblical story of Noah's Ark is widely known: God decides to wipe the Earth clean of wickedness and tasks the righteous Noah and his family to safeguard themselves along with all the world's animals inside a gigantic wooden ark in order to ride out a global 150-day flood.

An Archaeological Explanation for the Story of Noah's Ark

Though some take the story literally, there's no archaeological evidence that such an ark ever existed, nor is there any geologic evidence of a cataclysmic global flood. Itsy-Bitsy Indonesian Rocks Are Rewriting the History of Ancient Art. 10 Historic UK Stone Circles. - Advertisement - 1 : Stonehenge Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, about 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Amesbury and 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury.

10 Historic UK Stone Circles

This gnarled pile of fossils was once a giant structure—made of Ice Age mammoths. Some 25,000 years ago, a circular wall of bone and ivory rose like a macabre mirage from a snowbound plain 500 kilometers south of present-day Moscow.

This gnarled pile of fossils was once a giant structure—made of Ice Age mammoths

The ring—built from the bones of at least 60 mammoths—was thought to shelter people living on the treeless expanse during the coldest part of the last ice age. Now, a new study reveals the ring, discovered in 2014, is 12.5 meters in diameter—likely too large to have been roofed. Archaeologists also failed to find any remains from animals other than mammoths, making it unlikely that humans lived there for any length of time. The ring, found at a site called Kostenki, is the oldest such structure found in Russia. It’s about 3000 years older than two similar, smaller mammoth bone rings found at the same site almost 40 years ago. ‘Astounding new finds’ suggest ancient empire may be hiding in plain sight. SAN JUAN TEOTIHUACAN, MEXICO—On 16 January 378 C.E., a stranger arrived in Tikal, a large Maya city in what is now northern Guatemala.

‘Astounding new finds’ suggest ancient empire may be hiding in plain sight

His name was Sihyaj K’ahk’ (SEE-yah Kak), or Fire is Born, and he was likely a mighty warrior from a distant land. Misliya Cave Project. Mount Carmel, Israel Misliya Cave is located on the western slopes of Mount -Carmel, slightly to the south of Nahal (Wadi) Sefunim, at an elevation of ca. 90m, some 12 km south of Haifa.

Misliya Cave Project

Situated about 7 km north of Nahal Me'arot (Wadi el-Mughara) and the caves of Tabun, Jamal and Shkul (Garrod and Bate 1937; Jelinek et al. 1973; Weinstein-Evron and Tsatskin 1995; Zaidner et al. 2005) it was found to contain rich Middle Paleolithic (Mousterian) and Lower Paleolithic (Acheulo-Yabrudian) layers (Weinstein-Evron et al. 2003; Zaidner and Weinstein-Evron 2006). Today the site appears to be a rock shelter or an overhang, carved into the rudistic reefal cliff.

Found: A Stash of Mystical Charms and Amulets in Pompeii. When Mount Vesuvius exploded nearly 2,000 years ago, the residents of Pompeii and Herculaneum were directly in its path. Some fled before the explosion, others tried to shelter in place, while still more attempted to flee. All those caught in the pyroclastic flows—fast-moving surges of toxic gas and superheated ash and rock—were killed instantly.

Mysterious new objects found at Pompeii. A cache of mysterious objects has been discovered by archaeologists working on new excavations at Pompeii. The deposit contains a mixed assemblage of semi-precious stones including amethyst, amber, and carnelian that has been ornately carved into shapes of human figures and scarab beetles. Also discovered are the remains of a wooden box, indicated from the survival of bronze hinges that contained glass beads, bone figurines, mirrors as well as the discernible mythological character of Dionysus with a satyr, a skull and several phalluses.

Water Pipeline Workers Stumble Across Dozens of Iron Age Skeletons. Human history through tree rings: Trees in Amazonia reveal pre-colonial human disturbance. The Day the Dinosaurs Died. If, on a certain evening about sixty-­six million years ago, you had stood somewhere in North America and looked up at the sky, you would have soon made out what appeared to be a star. If you watched for an hour or two, the star would have seemed to grow in brightness, although it barely moved.

That’s because it was not a star but an asteroid, and it was headed directly for Earth at about forty-five thousand miles an hour. Sixty hours later, the asteroid hit. The air in front was compressed and violently heated, and it blasted a hole through the atmosphere, generating a supersonic shock wave. What Poop Can Teach Us About an Ancient City's Downfall. 'Revealing Greater Cahokia' details research on ancient North American metropolis.

What happened 4,000 years ago in the Urals? Georadar detects a Viking ship in Norway. Team finds oldest weapons ever discovered in North America. Texas A&M University researchers have discovered what are believed to be the oldest weapons ever found in North America: ancient spear points that are 15,500 years old. The findings raise new questions about the settlement of early peoples on the continent. Michael Waters, distinguished professor of anthropology and director of the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas A&M, and colleagues from Baylor University and the University of Texas have had their work published in the current issue of Science Advances. The team found the numerous weapons – about 3-4 inches long – while digging at what has been termed the Debra L. Shipwreck found in Black Sea is 'world's oldest intact'

Image copyright Black Sea MAP/EEF Expeditions A Greek merchant ship dating back more than 2,400 years has been found lying on its side off the Bulgarian coast. Archaeologists identify ancient North American mounds using new image analysis technique - HeritageDaily - Archaeology News. Researchers at Binghamton University, State University at New York have used a new image-based analysis technique to identify once-hidden North American mounds, which could reveal valuable information about pre-contact Native Americans. View Release - Division of Historical Resources. For Immediate Release Wednesday, February 28, 2018. Ancient Native American Burial Site Discovered Off the Coast of Florida.

3,800-Year-Old 'Tableau' of Egyptian Boats Discovered. An Ancient Hyena May Have Chomped Down on This Neanderthal's Face. About 65,000 years ago, a large carnivore — perhaps a cave hyena — chomped down on the face of a (likely dead) Neanderthal. Then, that carnivore partially digested two of the hominin's teeth before regurgitating them, a new study suggests. English mass grave contains remains of Viking Great Army. Unique Viking runes discovered in Denmark. Runologist and senior researcher Lisbeth Imer takes a closer look at the newly discovered runes. (Video: Kristian Højgaard Nielsen) A comb with a runic inscription of the word “comb,” perhaps doesn’t sound so sensational.

1,000-Year-Old Stone Structure in Mexico May Depict Creation of Earth. Amateur Archaeologists Find ‘Most Exciting’ Roman Mosaic in Britain. For the past three years, as part of a community project, archaeologists in England have been inviting volunteer history enthusiasts to help excavate three Roman sites near the village of Boxford, in West Berkshire. As Maev Kennedy reports for the Guardian, the program was just two weeks away from concluding when the amateur excavators made a stunning discovery: a large, colorful mosaic depicting the dramatic tale of a mythical hero. How the Folsom Point Became an Archaeological Icon - The Crux. 3,500-Year-Old 'Lunch Box' with Traces of Grain Found in Swiss Alps. Casting light on the dark ages: Anglo-Saxon fenland is re-imagined - HeritageDaily - Heritage & Archaeology News.

Australia human history 'rewritten by rock find' Rusty rivets reveal origin of Icelandic viking ships. A Bronze Age grape shakes up history. Naracoorte, where half a million years of biodiversity and climate history are trapped in caves – HeritageDaily. 3D-modelling shows food residues in 230 million year old fossil faeces – HeritageDaily.

Traces of some of South America’s earliest people found under ancient dirt pyramid. Satellite Images May Hold Answers to Peru’s Nazca Lines Mystery. Ramses II Found Under Cairo Slum - Egyptian Pharaoh Discovery. Uncovered after 2,000 years: gold torcs fit for an Iron Age queen – HeritageDaily. World's Oldest Fossils Possibly Uncovered in Canada. MOLA excavations at Crossrail Farringdon site reveal secrets of Tudor Life – HeritageDaily. Radiocarbon dating and DNA show ancient Puebloan leadership in the maternal line – HeritageDaily. 400 million year old gigantic extinct monster worm discovered in Canadian museum – HeritageDaily. ‘Brutally murdered’ Pictish man brought back to life by CAHID team – HeritageDaily. Did Stone Age people build a large labyrinth in Denmark?

New Dead Sea Scrolls cave discovered. Dinosaurs: Juvenile, adult or senior? – HeritageDaily. What Happened to the Sun over 7,000 Years Ago? Analysis of tree rings reveals highly abnormal solar activity in the mid-Holocene – HeritageDaily. Mysterious Amazonian Geoglyphs Were Built in Already-Altered Forests. LiDAR Scans Reveal Maya Civilization's Sophisticated Network of Roads. Ancient figures reveal trading routes of prehistoric African civilisation – HeritageDaily. Climate change drove population decline in New World before Europeans arrived – HeritageDaily. Preserved in Time: Origins of a very British obsession with condiments discovered by MOLA at Crossrail site – HeritageDaily.

In Photos: Exploring the Mysterious Plain of Jars Site. The discovery of medieval Trellech and the plucky amateurs of archaeology – HeritageDaily. Ancient Chaco Canyon population likely relied on imported food, finds CU study – HeritageDaily. Finding North America’s lost medieval city. Jaw on the Floor: Entire Chunk of Feathered Dinosaur Discovered in Amber - Scientific American Blog Network. The First Americans Didn't Arrive by the Bering Land Bridge, Study Says. The Dirty Secret About Ancient Bathrooms. Centuries of Preserved Shipwrecks Found in the Black Sea. 133-Million-Year-Old Pebble Discovered to Be First Fossilized Dinosaur Brain. Reconstruction of 12,000 year old funeral feast brings ancient burial rituals to life – HeritageDaily.

Did you know? In Buckinghamshire, England is a network of tunnels that important 18th century aristocrats met to carry out mock-pagan rituals and orgies. – HeritageDaily. Ancient Brazilians occupied the same homes for centuries – HeritageDaily. Unique Viking tomb contains remains of noble couple. Musket Balls, Fake Teeth and More Found Beneath Malcolm X's Childhood Home. A Secret Tunnel Found in Mexico May Finally Solve the Mysteries of Teotihuacán.

Remarkable evidence of ancient humans found under Florida river. Future - The ancient Peruvian mystery solved from space. Roman Forts in Wales – Interactive Map – HeritageDaily. In Photos: New Clovis site in Sonora. How ancient horse-dung bacteria is helping us determine where Hannibal crossed the Alps – HeritageDaily. Earth - Severe droughts explain the mysterious fall of the Maya. Lasers reveal ‘lost’ Roman roads. Piecing together the gruesome story of York’s headless Romans. An Ancient, Brutal Massacre May Be the Earliest Evidence of War. Butchered Mammoth Suggests Humans Lived in Siberia 45,000 Years Ago. Stone-age tools dating back 118,000 years discovered — but no sign of people who made them. Iceman’s Gut Holds Clues to Humans’ Spread into Europe. Stone Age Horror! Pit Filled with Severed Limbs Uncovered. Eggshell porosity can be used to infer the type of nest built by extinct archosaurs.

Grave of ‘Griffin Warrior’ at Pylos Could Be a Gateway to Civilizations. Marble Medusa Head Unearthed in Ancient Roman Ruins. Revelations on Shigir Idol 'change our understanding of ancient civilisations' Britain's Atlantis: Scientific study beneath North Sea could revolutionise how we see the past - Archaeology - Science - The Independent.

Lost Palace of Sparta Possibly Uncovered. Enormous monolith, carved 9350 years ago, found under Mediterranean Sea. History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places. Rifle from 1882 found leaning on tree in Nevada park. Items lost in the Stone Age are found in melting glaciers. Byzantine Shipwrecks Shed Light on Shipbuilding History. The Myth of the Megalith. Evidence found: Harald Bluetooth built Viking fortress.