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A Bronze Age grape shakes up history. Naracoorte, where half a million years of biodiversity and climate history are trapped in caves – HeritageDaily. In 1857, guided by the flickering light of a candle deep in a cave at Naracoorte in South Australia, the Reverend Julian Tenison-Woods stumbled across thousands of tiny bones of rodents and small marsupials buried at the base of crystal columns.

Naracoorte, where half a million years of biodiversity and climate history are trapped in caves – HeritageDaily

Without knowing it, Woods had found a time machine of sorts – a record of biodiversity and environment spanning more than half a million years. Now Naracoorte Caves are known as one of the world’s best fossil sites, a place where marsupial lions, enormous kangaroos and giant monitor lizards met their deaths and were preserved by layers of sand. But the caves captured more than just giants. Clues to Naracoorte’s past environment are also preserved in plant fossils, sediments and calcite formations. Big marsupials with bite: Australia’s megafauna Global scientific attention first focused on Naracoorte after 1969, when cave explorers entered relatively inaccessible limestone chambers.

How the underground archives formed World heritage significance. 3D-modelling shows food residues in 230 million year old fossil faeces – HeritageDaily. Synchrotron scanning can produce high-quality 3D models of well-preserved food residues from fossil faeces.

3D-modelling shows food residues in 230 million year old fossil faeces – HeritageDaily

That’s the result of a new study, by palaeontologists from Uppsala University and from ESRF Grenoble. Traces of some of South America’s earliest people found under ancient dirt pyramid. About 600 kilometers north of Lima, an imposing earthen mound looms over the sea.

Traces of some of South America’s earliest people found under ancient dirt pyramid

People began building the ceremonial structure, called Huaca Prieta, about 7800 years ago. But according to a new study, the true surprise lies buried deep beneath the 30-meter-tall mound: stone tools, animal bones, and plant remains left behind by some of the earliest known Americans nearly 15,000 years ago. That makes Huaca Prieta one of the oldest archaeological sites in the Americas and suggests that the region’s first migrants may have moved surprisingly slowly down the coast. Satellite Images May Hold Answers to Peru’s Nazca Lines Mystery.

Aerial view of the Spider at Nazca Lines.

Satellite Images May Hold Answers to Peru’s Nazca Lines Mystery

Martin Bernetti/AFP/Getty Images Lovers of ancient wonders and viewers of History Channel’s Ancient Aliens, I have bad news for you. Ramses II Found Under Cairo Slum - Egyptian Pharaoh Discovery. Archaeologists have found a massive 3,000-year-old statue buried under a slum in Cairo, Egypt, which they believe depicts the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II.

Ramses II Found Under Cairo Slum - Egyptian Pharaoh Discovery

The find, which Reuters reports is already being hailed as one of the most important ever, took place Tuesday near the ruins of the temple to Ramses in the eastern part of the city. Also known as Ramses the Great, the subject of the 26-foot statue is widely considered the most celebrated ruler of ancient Egypt. In his reign from 1279 to 1213 B.C., he greatly expanded the size of the Egyptian empire and became known to later generations as the Great Ancestor.

Getty Advertisement - Continue Reading Below. Uncovered after 2,000 years: gold torcs fit for an Iron Age queen – HeritageDaily. Were there any women around in the Palaeolithic Era?

Uncovered after 2,000 years: gold torcs fit for an Iron Age queen – HeritageDaily

If popular culture is any guide you’d think not. And even archaeology itself has a long way to go to address a deeply ingrained bias towards men. It’s obvious that without women Homo sapiens could hardly be here today. But our cultural imaginings of the Palaeolithic evoke images of ‘man the hunter’ or ‘man the tool maker’ because that’s how our evolution has largely been portrayed by scientists and artists (with a few notable exceptions). Google ‘stone age women’ and see what pops up under the images tab. To be sure, there are some famous and recurring examples of cave women, like a scantily dressed Rachel Welch in the 1966 remake of One Million Years B.C. or Wilma and Betty from The Flintstones.

World's Oldest Fossils Possibly Uncovered in Canada. Ancient traces of microbial life that are between 3.77 billion and 4.29 billion years old might have been unearthed in a rocky outcropping in Canada, a new study suggests.

World's Oldest Fossils Possibly Uncovered in Canada

However, some scientists are casting doubt on what the findings truly mean. If the new microfossils truly are evidence of primordial life that once sprang up in ancient hydrothermal vents, it suggests that life began on Earth soon after the planet coalesced, the study authors said. MOLA excavations at Crossrail Farringdon site reveal secrets of Tudor Life – HeritageDaily. Excavations carried out by MOLA at the Crossrail site at Farringdon have revealed fascinating insights into daily life in Tudor London in recently published findings.

MOLA excavations at Crossrail Farringdon site reveal secrets of Tudor Life – HeritageDaily

The site in the heart of the capital has already provided remarkable information about the Black Death in London, but now analysis of artefacts extracted from the re-discovered Faggeswell brook, that flowed past Charterhouse Square, revealed more about the people living in the area during the 16th and 17th Centuries. Radiocarbon dating and DNA show ancient Puebloan leadership in the maternal line – HeritageDaily. Discovering who was a leader, or even if leaders existed, from the ruins of archaeological sites is difficult, but now a team of archaeologists and biological anthropologists, using a powerful combination of radiocarbon dating and ancient DNA, have shown that a matrilineal dynasty likely ruled Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico for more than 300 years.

Radiocarbon dating and DNA show ancient Puebloan leadership in the maternal line – HeritageDaily

“We are not saying that this was a state-level society,” said Douglas J. Kennett, head and professor of anthropology, Penn State. “But we don’t think it was egalitarian either.” 400 million year old gigantic extinct monster worm discovered in Canadian museum – HeritageDaily. Discovering who was a leader, or even if leaders existed, from the ruins of archaeological sites is difficult, but now a team of archaeologists and biological anthropologists, using a powerful combination of radiocarbon dating and ancient DNA, have shown that a matrilineal dynasty likely ruled Pueblo Bonito in New Mexico for more than 300 years.

400 million year old gigantic extinct monster worm discovered in Canadian museum – HeritageDaily

“We are not saying that this was a state-level society,” said Douglas J. Kennett, head and professor of anthropology, Penn State. “But we don’t think it was egalitarian either.” Selection of turquoise and shell artifacts found in Room 33 of Pueblo Bonito (Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, USA). CREDIT Roderick Mickens ©American Museum of Natural History Archaeologists have described the Chaco Phenomenon as anything from an egalitarian society without any rulers at all, to a full-fledged state-level society or kingdom. ‘Brutally murdered’ Pictish man brought back to life by CAHID team – HeritageDaily. A project exploring the role of East Africa in the evolution of modern humans has amassed the largest and most diverse collection of prehistoric bone harpoons ever assembled from the area.

The collection offers clues about the behaviour and technology of prehistoric hunter-gatherers. East Africa is the epicentre of human evolution and its archaeological remains offer the potential to fill gaps in our understanding of early modern humans from their earliest origins, around 200,000 years ago, through to the most ‘recent’ prehistory of the last 10,000 years. The In Africa project, directed by Dr Marta Mirazón Lahr, co-founder of the Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies at the University of Cambridge, is seeking to do exactly that. Did Stone Age people build a large labyrinth in Denmark? The dark green dotted lines indicate where scientists have dug their trenches and excavated the site.

The position of where the palisade is believed to have been is marked in red. The light green dashed line shows the lack of finds. (Danish Geodata Agency / Pernille Rohde Sloth) New Dead Sea Scrolls cave discovered. Image copyright Casey L. Olson and Oren Gutfeld Archaeologists have found a cave that once housed Dead Sea scrolls in a cliff in the Judean desert - the first such discovery in over 60 years. Dinosaurs: Juvenile, adult or senior? – HeritageDaily. The annual summer monsoon that drops rain onto East Asia, an area with about a billion people, has shifted dramatically in the distant past, at times moving northward by as much as 400 kilometers and doubling rainfall in that northern reach. What Happened to the Sun over 7,000 Years Ago? Analysis of tree rings reveals highly abnormal solar activity in the mid-Holocene – HeritageDaily.

Mysterious Amazonian Geoglyphs Were Built in Already-Altered Forests. Enormous geometrical earthworks found in the Amazon rainforest were built after humans had already begun altering the forest ecology, but the purpose of these huge ditches remains mysterious, according to new research. The geoglyphs — trenches as big as 36 feet (11 meters) wide and 13 feet (4 m) deep — were dug at various times between the first and 15th centuries. LiDAR Scans Reveal Maya Civilization's Sophisticated Network of Roads. Archaeological investigations into the ancient Maya people continuously yield evidence of the civilization’s advanced architectural skills—just a few months ago, a small Maya pyramid was discovered inside two larger ones, the trio nested like Russian dolls.

Ancient figures reveal trading routes of prehistoric African civilisation – HeritageDaily. Climate change drove population decline in New World before Europeans arrived – HeritageDaily. Preserved in Time: Origins of a very British obsession with condiments discovered by MOLA at Crossrail site – HeritageDaily. Delicate fossil remains of tomatillos found in Patagonia, Argentina, show that this branch of the economically important family that also includes potatoes, peppers, tobacco, petunias and tomatoes existed 52 million years ago, long before the dates previously ascribed to these species, according to an international team of scientists.

Tomatillos, ground cherries and husk tomatoes — members of the physalis genus — are unusual because they have papery, lantern-like husks, known to botanists as inflated calyces that grow after fertilization to extend around their fleshy, often edible berries. They are a small portion of the nightshade family, which includes many commercially, scientifically and culturally valuable plants among its more than 2,400 living species. This entire family has had a notably poor fossil record, limited to tiny seeds and wood with little diagnostic value that drastically limited understanding of when and where it evolved. In Photos: Exploring the Mysterious Plain of Jars Site. The discovery of medieval Trellech and the plucky amateurs of archaeology – HeritageDaily. Ancient Chaco Canyon population likely relied on imported food, finds CU study – HeritageDaily.

London’s iconic Thames Tunnel – the first tunnel ever built under a river – has become the setting for a project that saw Kingston University art, geography and geology students join forces to bridge the worlds of science and art. Using 3D modelling techniques, pin-hole photography and sound recording, students from different disciplines were given the opportunity to explore ideas, experiment and learn from each other’s techniques and perspectives to find new ways read the landscape of the tunnel entrance and develop innovative ways of collecting data. The year-long project was instigated by Kingston University London’s fine art foundation course lecturer Flora Parrott, Artist in Residence at the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) Collection 2016, who linked up with her colleague, geography and geology lecturer Dr Mike Smith.

Finding North America’s lost medieval city. A thousand years ago, huge pyramids and earthen mounds stood where East St. Jaw on the Floor: Entire Chunk of Feathered Dinosaur Discovered in Amber - Scientific American Blog Network. Here are some glorious images of this brain-exploding find. Again, because this bears repeating, these are REAL dinosaur feathers, people. Still in place on an actual dinosaur tail. The First Americans Didn't Arrive by the Bering Land Bridge, Study Says. The Dirty Secret About Ancient Bathrooms. Centuries of Preserved Shipwrecks Found in the Black Sea. 133-Million-Year-Old Pebble Discovered to Be First Fossilized Dinosaur Brain. Reconstruction of 12,000 year old funeral feast brings ancient burial rituals to life – HeritageDaily. Did you know? In Buckinghamshire, England is a network of tunnels that important 18th century aristocrats met to carry out mock-pagan rituals and orgies. – HeritageDaily.

Ancient Brazilians occupied the same homes for centuries – HeritageDaily. Unique Viking tomb contains remains of noble couple. Musket Balls, Fake Teeth and More Found Beneath Malcolm X's Childhood Home. A Secret Tunnel Found in Mexico May Finally Solve the Mysteries of Teotihuacán. Remarkable evidence of ancient humans found under Florida river. Future - The ancient Peruvian mystery solved from space. Roman Forts in Wales – Interactive Map – HeritageDaily. In Photos: New Clovis site in Sonora. How ancient horse-dung bacteria is helping us determine where Hannibal crossed the Alps – HeritageDaily.

Earth - Severe droughts explain the mysterious fall of the Maya. Lasers reveal ‘lost’ Roman roads. Piecing together the gruesome story of York’s headless Romans. An Ancient, Brutal Massacre May Be the Earliest Evidence of War. Butchered Mammoth Suggests Humans Lived in Siberia 45,000 Years Ago. Stone-age tools dating back 118,000 years discovered — but no sign of people who made them. Iceman’s Gut Holds Clues to Humans’ Spread into Europe. Stone Age Horror! Pit Filled with Severed Limbs Uncovered. Eggshell porosity can be used to infer the type of nest built by extinct archosaurs. Grave of ‘Griffin Warrior’ at Pylos Could Be a Gateway to Civilizations. Marble Medusa Head Unearthed in Ancient Roman Ruins.

Revelations on Shigir Idol 'change our understanding of ancient civilisations' Britain's Atlantis: Scientific study beneath North Sea could revolutionise how we see the past - Archaeology - Science - The Independent. Lost Palace of Sparta Possibly Uncovered. Enormous monolith, carved 9350 years ago, found under Mediterranean Sea. History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places. Rifle from 1882 found leaning on tree in Nevada park. Items lost in the Stone Age are found in melting glaciers. Byzantine Shipwrecks Shed Light on Shipbuilding History. The Myth of the Megalith. Evidence found: Harald Bluetooth built Viking fortress. Why are there giant, ancient stone circles across the Middle Eastern landscape? Archeologists Make Incredible Discoveries In Tunnel Sealed 2,000 Years Ago. Göbekli Tepe.

Wearable submarine to hunt for 2000-year-old computer - tech - 04 June 2014. Ruins of Bustling Port Unearthed at Egypt's Giza Pyramids. Terracotta Warriors Inspired by Ancient Greek Art. Huge ancient monument found in Sweden. Genes reveal Palaeolithic genders. Decomposed organs reveal skeletons’ last days. Archeologists unearth thousands of stone-age etchings in Mexico carved into rocks by our ancestors 6,000 years ago. 10 Oldest Objects Ever Found. Ancient Mayan City 'Chactún' Discovered In Mexican Jungle; Site May Have Been Government Center (VIDEO, PHOTOS) America's Oldest Cave Paintings Found, Date Back 6,000 Years (PHOTO) To Build An Empire, Hold The Anchovies : The Salt.

New technique reveals rare pattern on Stone Age adze. World population. Paleolithic. Symbols in a cave. Skeleton Exposed By Storms In Scotland's Shetland Islands Tied To Iron Age Burial. Tumor In 1,600-Year-Old Roman Corpse Found To Contain Teeth, Bone. An Insider’s View of a Fringe Archeology. Don’t underestimate Viking women. Magazine - Top 10 Discoveries of 2012. Pompeii and Herculaneum. Villa of Mysteries.