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Ancient History & Archaeology

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Ancient Myths & Legends

Mesopotamia & the Ancient Near East. Indus Valley Civilization. Ancient Egypt. Ancient Roman Empire. Ancient Chinese Civilization. Archeological Discoveries in Europe. Archeological Discoveries in Asia. Archeological Discoveries in the Americas. Archeological Discoveries in Africa & the Middle & Near East. The Ancient Worlds Great Civilizations. The forefathers of Europe: Two thirds of modern European men descend from just THREE Bronze Age leaders. Scientists analysed the DNA of 334 modern European men They found distinct paternal families originating 3,500 to 7,300 years agoMutations in the DNA suggest these families sprung from just three menTheir descendants spread across Europe around 2,000 to 4,000 years ago By Richard Gray for MailOnline Published: 15:45 GMT, 19 May 2015 | Updated: 17:32 GMT, 19 May 2015 More than 60 per cent of males in modern-day Europe descend from Bronze Age leaders.

The forefathers of Europe: Two thirds of modern European men descend from just THREE Bronze Age leaders

Genetic researchers estimate that three families in particular, which originated around 5,000 years ago, rapidly expanded across the continent. And the study suggests that the spread of modern populations across Europe occurred much later than had originally been thought. The researchers found three distinct recent mutations that occurred in 63% of the men tested - I1, R1a and R1b - as shown in the diagram (a) above. These are thought to originate from the Middle East to Southeast Asia between 2100BC and 1100AD. 10 Forgotten Ancient Civilizations. History The typical history textbook has a lot of ground to cover and only so many pages to devote to anything before Jesus.

10 Forgotten Ancient Civilizations

For most of us, that means ancient history is a three-dog show—Egypt, Rome, and Greece. Which is why it’s easy to get the impression that, outside of those three, our map of the ancient world is mostly just blank space. But actually nothing could be further from the truth. Plenty of vibrant and fascinating cultures existed outside that narrow focus. 10Aksum. Ancient History Encyclopedia - Мозилин фајерфокс (Mozilla Firefox)

World History/Ancient Civilizations. Maps | Resources | Contributors' Corner Before the Rise of Civilization[edit] Early people were nomadic hunter-gatherers and lived off the land.

World History/Ancient Civilizations

Over time, nomadic groups of foragers and hunters began to settle down. The pastoral society helped to further tie groups to specific areas of land. The raising of animals created strains on nomadic peoples to find large and reliable sources of food to feed their growing population of animals. In the Paleolithic Age (Paleolithic means "old stone") 2 million to 10,000 years ago, Homo sapiens evolved, originating in Africa.

Over several thousand years, these developments, as well as other factors, led to what is known as the Neolithic Revolution or the Agricultural Revolution. Civilization makes its début (8000 - 3000 BC)[edit] Neolithic means "new stone", even though agriculture was the crowning achievement of the period. River Valley Civilizations[edit] Each Civilization had: Digging Up the Past. Ancient Civilizations News. What is Archaeology? - Definitions. Archaeology, or archeology[1] (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος, arkhaios, "ancient"; and -λογία, -logia, "-logy[2]"), is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).

What is Archaeology? - Definitions

Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity,[3] and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology,[4] although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline. How Eclipses Destroyed Empires, Enabled Columbus, and Inspired the Birth of Science. The umbral shadow of the moon.

How Eclipses Destroyed Empires, Enabled Columbus, and Inspired the Birth of Science

Credit Rob Glover. Tonight at around 7:50pm EST, the Earth's outer shadow will be cast upon the moon, causing a penumbral eclipse. It will be visible in the early evening in the eastern Americas, while those in the Greenwich mean time zone will be be treated to a perfect midnight showing. Eastern Europeans and Asians will have to compete with the sunrise to get a glimpse of the eclipse in the early morning of October 19. Though penumbral eclipses aren't as dramatic as total lunar eclipses, the subtle shading of the moon's southeastern chunk is still an exciting event for stargazers.

Through the Language Glass: How Words Colour Your World by Guy Deutscher. This tale begins with a Liberal leader and his innovative exploration of the colour blue.

Through the Language Glass: How Words Colour Your World by Guy Deutscher

Not Nick Clegg and the Tories, but William Gladstone and his concern about Homer's use of colour in The Iliad and The Odyssey. Gladstone was the first prominent intellectual to notice something awry with the Greek poet's sense of colour. Homer never described the sky as blue. In fact, Homer barely used colour terms at all and when he did they were just peculiar. Astrolabe – Magnificent Computer of the Ancients. It is an ancient tool, created over two thousand years ago when people thought that the Earth was the center of the universe.

Astrolabe – Magnificent Computer of the Ancients

They are often referred to as the first computer and however debatable that statement might be there is one thing for sure without a doubt. Astrolabes are objects of immense mystery and beauty.