Ancient History & Archaeology

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Mesopotamia & the Ancient Near East

Indus Valley Civilization. Ancient Egypt. Ancient Roman Empire. Ancient Chinese Civilization. Archeological Discoveries in Europe.

Archeological Discoveries in Asia.

Archeological Discoveries in the Americas

Archeological Discoveries in Africa & the Middle East. The Ancient Worlds Great Civilizations. 10 Forgotten Ancient Civilizations. History The typical history textbook has a lot of ground to cover and only so many pages to devote to anything before Jesus.

10 Forgotten Ancient Civilizations

For most of us, that means ancient history is a three-dog show—Egypt, Rome, and Greece. Which is why it’s easy to get the impression that, outside of those three, our map of the ancient world is mostly just blank space. But actually nothing could be further from the truth. Plenty of vibrant and fascinating cultures existed outside that narrow focus. 10Aksum The kingdom Aksum (or Axum) has been the subject of countless legends.

The Ethiopian kingdom of reality, not myth, was an international trading power. Aksum adopted Christianity not long after the Roman Empire did and continued to thrive through the early Middle Ages. 9Kush Known in ancient Egyptian sources for its abundance of gold and other valuable natural resources, Kush was conquered and exploited by its northern neighbor for nearly half a millennium (circa 1500–1000 B.C.). 8Yam 7The Xiongnu Empire 5Yuezhi. Ancient History Encyclopedia - Мозилин фајерфокс (Mozilla Firefox) World History/Ancient Civilizations. Maps | Resources | Contributors' Corner Before the Rise of Civilization[edit] Early people were nomadic hunter-gatherers and lived off the land.

World History/Ancient Civilizations

Over time, nomadic groups of foragers and hunters began to settle down. The pastoral society helped to further tie groups to specific areas of land. The raising of animals created strains on nomadic peoples to find large and reliable sources of food to feed their growing population of animals. In the Paleolithic Age (Paleolithic means "old stone") 2 million to 10,000 years ago, Homo sapiens evolved, originating in Africa. Over several thousand years, these developments, as well as other factors, led to what is known as the Neolithic Revolution or the Agricultural Revolution. Civilization makes its début (8000 - 3000 BC)[edit] Digging Up the Past. Ancient Civilizations News. What is Archaeology? - Definitions. Archaeology, or archeology[1] (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος, arkhaios, "ancient"; and -λογία, -logia, "-logy[2]"), is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).

What is Archaeology? - Definitions

Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity,[3] and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology,[4] although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline. Archaeology studies human history from the development of the first stone tools in eastern Africa 3.4 million years ago up until recent decades.[5] (Archaeology does not include the discipline of paleontology.) How Eclipses Destroyed Empires, Enabled Columbus, and Inspired the Birth of Science. The umbral shadow of the moon.

How Eclipses Destroyed Empires, Enabled Columbus, and Inspired the Birth of Science

Credit Rob Glover. Tonight at around 7:50pm EST, the Earth's outer shadow will be cast upon the moon, causing a penumbral eclipse. It will be visible in the early evening in the eastern Americas, while those in the Greenwich mean time zone will be be treated to a perfect midnight showing. Eastern Europeans and Asians will have to compete with the sunrise to get a glimpse of the eclipse in the early morning of October 19. Though penumbral eclipses aren't as dramatic as total lunar eclipses, the subtle shading of the moon's southeastern chunk is still an exciting event for stargazers.

Indeed, eclipses were the blockbusters of the ancient world: everybody had an opinion on whether they were good or bad, and what had inspired them. The Aztec moon god Coyolxauhqui. Indeed, pregnant Aztec women were afraid that the darkening of the moon would cause their children to be born without lips or noses, cross-eyed, or even as mice. And he should know. Through the Language Glass: How Words Colour Your World by Guy Deutscher. This tale begins with a Liberal leader and his innovative exploration of the colour blue.

Through the Language Glass: How Words Colour Your World by Guy Deutscher

Not Nick Clegg and the Tories, but William Gladstone and his concern about Homer's use of colour in The Iliad and The Odyssey. Gladstone was the first prominent intellectual to notice something awry with the Greek poet's sense of colour. Homer never described the sky as blue. In fact, Homer barely used colour terms at all and when he did they were just peculiar. The sea was "wine-looking". Guy Deutscher's interest in the Homeric eye is less about evolution or optics than it is linguistic. Astrolabe – Magnificent Computer of the Ancients. It is an ancient tool, created over two thousand years ago when people thought that the Earth was the center of the universe.

Astrolabe – Magnificent Computer of the Ancients

They are often referred to as the first computer and however debatable that statement might be there is one thing for sure without a doubt. Astrolabes are objects of immense mystery and beauty.