Ancient History & Archaeology
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Archeological Discoveries in Europe
Archeological Discoveries in the Americas
Archeological Discoveries in Africa
Archeological Discoveries in Asia
Provides a chronological index of the history of Ancient Rome with extensive links to internet resources. Emphasis is placed upon the use of primary source material, numismatics, and a focus upon the roles of women in ancient time. scroll down for the timeline Thank you for visiting!
Archaeology , or archeology [ 1 ] (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία , archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος , arkhaios , "ancient"; and -λογία , -logia , " -logy [ 2 ] "), is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts , architecture , biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record ). Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity , [ 3 ] and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology , [ 4 ] although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline. Archaeology studies human history from the development of the first stone tools in eastern Africa 3.4 million years ago up until recent decades. [ 5 ] (Archaeology does not include the discipline of paleontology .)