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Experiments, Ethics & Society

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Microwaves in the cold war: the Moscow embassy study and its interpretation. Review of a retrospective cohort study. Beams of microwaves from Soviet sources aimed at the US embassy building in Moscow were detected since 1953, increasing in intensity in 1975.

Microwaves in the cold war: the Moscow embassy study and its interpretation. Review of a retrospective cohort study

In 1976, an ambitious epidemiological study was commissioned by the U.S. Department of State to investigate possible health effects on the staff of the US embassy in Moscow and their families. The study was carried out by Abraham Lilienfeld (deceased, 1984) and colleagues at the Department of Epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University. The study has never been published in detail. It has been cited several times, with varying interpretations. Methods for this review The original report was obtained from the Johns Hopkins University library ( Searches for peer-reviewed material reporting on the study were carried out using PubMed, citation indexes, and major reports and reviews on health effects of radiofrequencies, up to September 2011.

Does Corporate Social Responsibility Increase Profits? By Ron Robins, Investing for the Soul It is generally held that corporate social responsibility (CSR) could increase company profits and thus most large companies are actively engaged in it.

Does Corporate Social Responsibility Increase Profits?

But few executives and managers are aware of the research on this important subject. And as I review here, the research does show that it may improve profits. However, linking profit growth to abstract variables that are frequently difficult to define is a challenging task. Secret World War II Chemical Experiments Tested Troops By Race. These historical photographs depict the forearms of human test subjects after being exposed to nitrogen mustard and lewisite agents in World War II experiments conducted at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C.

Secret World War II Chemical Experiments Tested Troops By Race

Courtesy of the Naval Research Laboratory hide caption itoggle caption Courtesy of the Naval Research Laboratory As a young U.S. Army soldier during World War II, Rollins Edwards knew better than to refuse an assignment.

Research ethics

Milgram Studies. 15-Yr-Old Kelvin Doe Wows M.I.T. When Humans Lose Control of Government. A decades-long obsession with writing excessively detailed laws had made it impossible for real people to get anything done.

When Humans Lose Control of Government

Marcio Jose Sanchez/AP The Veterans Affairs scandal of falsified waiting lists is the latest of a never-ending stream of government ineptitude. Every season brings a new headline of failures: the botched roll-out of Obamacare involved 55 uncoordinated IT vendors; a White House report in February found that barely 3 percent of the $800 billion stimulus plan went to rebuild transportation infrastructure; and a March Washington Post report describes how federal pensions are processed by hand in a deep cave in Pennsylvania. The reflexive reaction is to demand detailed laws and rules to make sure things don’t go wrong again.

But shackling public choices with ironclad rules, ironically, is a main cause of the problems. Responsibility is nowhere in modern government. Legal detail skews behavior in ways that are usually counterproductive. Edheads - Activate Your Mind! Improbable research: The Limerick laureate works his magic. In 2003, an independent scholar from New Jersey began submitting limericks for a competition in mini-AIR, the monthly online supplement to my magazine, Annals of Improbable Research.

Improbable research: The Limerick laureate works his magic

The contest challenges readers to read an off-putting scholarly citation, and explain it in limerick form. Martin Eiger so consistently won that we eventually banned him as an unfair competitor, gave him the title Limerick laureate, and now publish him every month. He handles a huge range of subject matter. Testing Turing’s theory of morphogenesis in chemical cells. Author Affiliations Edited by Tom C.

Testing Turing’s theory of morphogenesis in chemical cells

Lubensky, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, and approved January 29, 2014 (received for review November 25, 2013) A correction has been published Significance. Walking Through Doorways Causes Forgetting. We’ve all experienced it: The frustration of entering a room and forgetting what we were going to do.

Walking Through Doorways Causes Forgetting

Or get. Or find. New research from University of Notre Dame Psychology Professor Gabriel Radvansky suggests that passing through doorways is the cause of these memory lapses. 10 Famous Psychological Experiments That Could Never Happen Today. The Stanford Prison Experiment: Still powerful after all these years (1/97) CONTACT: Stanford University News Service (415) 723-2558.

The Stanford Prison Experiment: Still powerful after all these years (1/97)

An ethical cost-benefit analysis of the Stanford Prison Experiment. PII: 0010-0277(72)90014-5 - Zimbardo_Zusatzliteratur.pdf. Stanford Prison Exp. What happened in the basement of the psych building 40 years ago shocked the world.

Stanford Prison Exp

How do the guards, prisoners and researchers in the Stanford Prison Experiment feel about it now? It began with an ad in the classifieds. Male college students needed for psychological study of prison life. $15 per day for 1-2 weeks. The Stanford Prison Experiment: A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment. Thirty Years Later, Stanford Prison Experiment Lives On By Meredith Alexander Stanford Report, August 22, 2001 Thirty years ago, a group of young men were rounded up by Palo Alto police and dropped off at a new jail -- in the Stanford Psychology Department.

The Stanford Prison Experiment: A Simulation Study of the Psychology of Imprisonment

Strip searched, sprayed for lice and locked up with chains around their ankles, the "prisoners" were part of an experiment to test people's reactions to power dynamics in social situations. Lewis Terman (1877–1956) - Testing, Stanford, Gifted, and Intelligence. Lewis M. Terman was a psychologist who developed some of the earliest and most successful measures of individual differences.

He was raised on an Indiana farm and, after an early career as a schoolteacher and high school principal, received his doctorate in psychology from Clark University in 1905. After four years of teaching pedagogy at the Los Angeles State Normal School, he joined the education faculty at Stanford University in 1910. In 1922 he became head of Stanford's Psychology Department, a position he held until his retirement in 1942.

5 Experts Answer: Can Your IQ Change? Each week, MyHealthNewsDaily asks the experts to answer questions about your health. This week, we asked psychologists: Can your IQ ever change? Jack Naglieri, research professor at University of Virginia: The answer to this question, like many others, depends on a number of factors. Stability and Change in Children's Intelligence Quotient Scores: A Comparison of Two Socioeconomically Disparate Communities. + Author Affiliations Received November 16, 2000. Accepted May 11, 2001. Abstract The authors estimated the influence of familial factors and community disadvantage on changes in children's intelligence quotient (IQ) scores from age 6 years to age 11 years.

The Gifted Group At Mid Life Volume V Genetic StudieS Of Genius : Lewis M.erman. Terman Genetics of Intelligence Study. The Truth About the "Termites" Blue Eyes Brown Eyes. Shock study, replicates Milgram's findings. The Vitamin Myth: Why We Think We Need Supplements - Paul Offit. On October 10, 2011, researchers from the University of Minnesota found that women who took supplemental multivitamins died at rates higher than those who didn't. Two days later, researchers from the Cleveland Clinic found that men who took vitamin E had an increased risk of prostate cancer. How Netflix Reverse Engineered Hollywood - Alexis C. Madrigal. RETRACTED: Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize.

This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( The journal Food and Chemical Toxicology retracts the article “Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize,” which was published in this journal in November 2012. This retraction comes after a thorough and time-consuming analysis of the published article and the data it reports, along with an investigation into the peer-review behind the article.

The Editor in-Chief deferred making any public statements regarding this article until this investigation was complete, and the authors were notified of the findings. The 50 Greatest Breakthroughs Since the Wheel - James Fallows. Famous Physicists. Linguistics 001. Physics Education.